What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of the Multipurpose River Project?

By Priya Gupta|Updated : November 23rd, 2022

The advantages of the Multipurpose River Project are electricity generation, domestic and industrial water supply, flood control, outdoor activities, inland navigation, and fish breeding. In contrast, the disadvantages of the Multipurpose River Project are high initial cost, adverse effects on the environment and aquatic life, adverse effects on soil quality and modifications to crop patterns, etc. Building a dam across a river serves many purposes, which have their own advantages and disadvantages, which is why it is known as a Multipurpose river project. 

Advantages and Disadvantages of Multipurpose River Project

Over a number of rivers, dams are constructed in order to generate electricity, control flooding, irrigate agricultural land, etc. Following is a discussion of the Multipurpose River Project's benefits and drawbacks:

Advantages of Multipurpose River ProjectDisadvantages of Multipurpose River Project
Supply of water for domestic and industrial usageCauses deforestation
Flood controlMigration of people from their lands
Generation of electricityAquatic life is badly affected
RecreationRestricts the national river flow
Check soil erosionIt leads to the deposits of sediments in the river bed
Inland navigationLoss of existing agricultural lands
Fish breedingChanges cropping pattern


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FAQs on Advantages and Disadvantages of the Multipurpose River Project

  • The advantages of the Multipurpose River Project include advantages like improved water supply facilities for households and industries, electricity generation, control of floods, etc. The disadvantages are deforestation, impact on the aquatic animals, etc.

  • The major problems or disadvantages of the Multipurpose River Project are as follows:

    • Locals have to migrate to other places which affect their livelihood.
    • Adversely impacts the aquatic animals.
    • Disturbs the natural flow of the river.
    • Causes deforestation

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