What are the advantages and disadvantages of migration?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 5th, 2022

The advantages and disadvantages of migration are explained here. The advantages include a more flexible labor market, and a larger pool of skills, whereas the disadvantages include crowding, congestion, and increased demand for public services due to immigration.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Migration

Advantages of migration:

  • One of the primary sources of foreign cash is the remittances made by migrant workers from other countries.
  • The success of their green revolution approach to agricultural development was due to migration from rural areas in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, and Odisha to rural areas in Punjab, Haryana, and Western Uttar Pradesh.
  • Those who immigrate influence social transformation.
  • Through them, innovative concepts in family planning, females' education, and other areas are disseminated from urban to rural communities.
  • Migration causes people from many cultures to mix.
  • Positive effects include the development of composite cultures.

Migration's Disadvantages:

  • Uncontrolled immigration has led to congestion in India's major cities.
  • Uncontrolled migration inside the nation has had detrimental effects, including the growth of slums in industrially developed regions like Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Delhi.
  • Over-exploitation of natural resources has left cities with severe issues with air pollution, sewage disposal, groundwater depletion, and solid waste management.
  • One of the key elements influencing the population expansion of cities is rural-urban migration.
  • The demographic structure of the rural area is negatively impacted by age- and skill-selective out-migration.
  • Due to high out-migration, there are significant age and sex compositional imbalances in Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Eastern Maharashtra.
  • The current social and physical infrastructure in metropolitan regions is under strain due to overcrowding brought on by migration from rural to urban areas.

Summary:

What are the advantages and disadvantages of migration?

Significant economic benefits from immigration include a more flexible labor market, a larger pool of skills, more demand, and a wider range of innovative ideas. Immigration, however, is a contentious issue. Immigration, it is suggested, may lead to problems with crowding, congestion, and increased demand for public services.

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