Stages of Ecological Succession
Ecological Succession is the process by which the mix of species and habitat changes over time in 5 stages. The stages of Ecological Succession are-
- Nudation- Nudation is the first stage of succession. It is the formation of a nude or a bare area. It might result from flooding, erosion, landslide, volcanic eruption, or other artificial or natural reasons.
- Invasion- Invasion is the arrival of the propagules or the reproductive bodies of different organisms that can settle on the bare area.
- Competition and Co-action- Competition and Co-action mean that the population of the invasive species increases in number within a limited space.
- Reaction- Since the organisms grow at a place, the environment molds itself under the organism's influence. It means that the area's temperature, land, water, and soil change.
- Stabilization or Climax-The last or the terminal stage of the ecological succession is the Climax or Stabilized stage. In this stage, the terminal or the final communities called the climate community become more stable and remain there for a more extended period of time. For example, Coral reefs, forests, grasslands, etc.