What are the Four Oldest Civilizations in the World?

By Ritesh|Updated : August 6th, 2022

The four oldest civilizations in the world arose in the Middle East, South Asia, East Asia, and Central America. Although these civilizations existed in different parts of the world, they had many things in common. We have listed the four civilizations and their developments below:

  • Mesopotamia and Egypt in the Middle East.
  • Indus Valley Civilization in South Asia (in what are now the regions of Pakistan and India).
  • Huang He (Yellow River) valley in East Asia (China).
  • Island of Crete in the Aegean Sea and Central America.

To know more about the four oldest civilizations in the world, and some of the common developments amongst them, refer to the information given below.

Common Development in Four Oldest Civilizations

The four oldest civilizations in the world: Mesopotamia and Egypt, Indus Valley Civilization, China, and the island of Crete, had many developments in common. These civilizations were springing up in different parts of the world, but the pace of development was somewhat similar. We have discussed some of the common developments here.

The common developments going on in these civilizations included the invention of scripts, building cities, using metals, domesticating animals, and developing class systems within their social structures.

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FAQs on What are the Four Oldest Civilizations in the World?

  • The four oldest world civilizations include Mesopotamia and Egypt in the Middle East, the Indus Valley Civilization in South Asia, China, and the island of Crete in the Aegean Sea. These are the most well-known ancient civilizations.

  • The four ancient civilizations known to mankind include Mesopotamia and Egypt, the Indus Valley Civilization, China, and the island of Crete. Determining the order of these civilizations is quite difficult but it is believed that the order is as follows:

    • Mesopotamia
    • Ancient Egypt
    • Ancient India
    • Ancient China

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