What are Northern Plains in India?

By Ritika Pant|Updated : July 15th, 2022

Northern plains lie south of the Himalayas and north of the Deccan plateau. These plains contain a rich soil cover along with sufficient water supply and a favourable environment, which is why it is a very productive part of India in terms of agriculture.

It is also known as the Indo-Gangetic plain. Following are the significant characteristics of the Northern plains:

  • These plains originate from the alluvial sediments of the three river systems - Ganga, Brahmaputra, and the Indus, along with their branches.
  • Northern plains are entirely formed of alluvial soil (sand and earth left by rivers).
  • They are incredibly fertile and are best suited for farming.
  • As these plains consist of fertile lands, agricultural practices are performed and are a significant source of revenue for the country.
  • Northern plains are heavily populated as it is economically developed and owns a good infrastructure.

Characteristics of Northern Plains

The Northern Plain is divided into four areas: Bhangar, Bhabar, Khadar, and Terai. These plains rivers create marshy islands. The soil formed in the northern plains is very fertile, and people are dependent on growing crops and performing farming activities here for their source of income. The north plains cover 3200 km of alluvial soil, regarded as the giant belt in the world.

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FAQs on What are Northern Plains in India?

  • Northern plains are formed by flooding three rivers- Indus, Ganga, and Brahmaputra. Also, these plains are dampened by many more rivers like Ghaghara, Yamuna, Gandak, etc.

  • The plain stretches about 200 to 400km from north to south. It covers an area of about 5,80,000 sq. km. Northern plains are known as the food bowl of India, and crops like sugarcane, pulses, oilseeds, wheat, rice, and jute are cultivated here.

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