What are the National Parties in India?
To be eligible to be termed as a National Party or the National Political Party of India, a political party has to fulfil the three basic criteria overlayed by the ECI:
- Secure at least six per cent of the valid votes polled in any four or more states, at a general election to the House of the People or, to the State Legislative Assembly.
- Win at least four seats in the House of the People from any State or state.
- Win at least two per cent of seats in the House of the People, and these members should be elected from at least three different States.
In India, there are eight (8) recognized National Parties:
- Indian National Congress (INC)
- Communist Party of India (CPI)
- Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)
- Nationalist Congress Party (NCP
- Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
- All India Trinamool Congress (TMC)
- Marxist Communist Party CPI (M)
The Election Commission (EC) has amended rules, whereby it will now review the State & National Parties status every ten years instead of the present five. So now the status of present national and state parties will remain intact till 2026.
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