What are IPC and CrPC?

By Devyani Singh|Updated : June 16th, 2022

The Indian Penal Code (IPC) is the official criminal code of India. It covers all substantive crimes and their punishments. The Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) is the primary legislation on the procedure for the administration of criminal law in India. It details the procedure of all aspects involved in the administrative process of dealing with a crime. 

  • IPC Full Form: Indian Penal Code 
  • CrPC Full Form: Code of Criminal Procedure

What is IPC and CrPC in India?

IPC is Indian Penal Code, 1860 which is the official criminal code of India. It objectively provides a general penal code to the entire nation. It lays down all the crimes, their definitions and punishments for them in 511 sections, divided into 23 chapters. Supplemented by several acts, it has been amended many times. 

CrPC is Criminal Procedure Code, 1974 that serves as the main legislation on the procedure for the regulation of criminal law in India. It provides details about the procedure for the investigation of the crime, collection of evidence, imposition of penalties or punishments, etc. It also lays down the hierarchy of the courts competent to try criminal lawsuits.

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FAQ's on What are IPC and CrPC?

  • The IPC gives a substantive list of all crimes and provides the necessary punishment for each one of them. While CrPC is a procedural law, it lays down the ways or methods to be followed in a criminal case. So, if theft is committed, IPC would give the punishment for the said theft as directed under section 379. The CrPC would concern itself with how the procedure of investigation is to be carried out, how the evidence is to be gathered, etc. 

  • Indian Penal Code and Criminal Procedure Code were introduced in the year 1861 by Thomas Babington Macaulay who was a law member as per the Charter Act of 1833.

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