What is IPC and CrPC in India?
IPC is Indian Penal Code, 1860 which is the official criminal code of India. It objectively provides a general penal code to the entire nation. It lays down all the crimes, their definitions and punishments for them in 511 sections, divided into 23 chapters. Supplemented by several acts, it has been amended many times.
CrPC is Criminal Procedure Code, 1974 that serves as the main legislation on the procedure for the regulation of criminal law in India. It provides details about the procedure for the investigation of the crime, collection of evidence, imposition of penalties or punishments, etc. It also lays down the hierarchy of the courts competent to try criminal lawsuits.
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