What are India's Longitudinal and Latitudinal Extents?

By Harshal Vispute|Updated : July 19th, 2022

India is located north of the equator between latitudes 6°44′ and 35°30′ and longitudes 68°7′ and 97°25′. From Kashmir in the north to Kanyakumari in the south, India's latitude ranges from 37°6′N to 8°4′N.

India's length is 68°7′ to 97°25′ east to west, from Gujarat in the west to Arunachal Pradesh in the east. When we add up the two extents, we find that they are roughly 30° apart. From Kashmir in the north to Kanyakumari in the south, India's latitude ranges from 37°6′N to 8°4′N. India's length is 68°7′ to 97°25′ east to west, from Gujarat in the west to Arunachal Pradesh in the east.

Detailed Explanation of Longitudinal and Latitudinal Extent of India

  • India is a country in the northern hemisphere.
  • The country of India is almost entirely within the path of the Tropic of Cancer (23°30'N). India's center is traversed by a path north of the equator.
  • In India, the Tropic of Cancer crosses eight states.
  • The Indian subcontinent's mainland spans the latitudes of 8°4'N and 37°6'N from south to north.
  • India stretches between longitudes 68°7'E and 97°25'E from one extends west to east.
  • The distance between the latitudes remains constant throughout; however, as one moves closer to the poles, the distance between the two longitudes decreases.
  • The distance between two latitudes, which is always 111 km, while decreasing to 0 km at the poles, is the distance between two longitudes, which is 111 km at the equator.
  • There are significant discrepancies in local time between locations at the two extreme points of the country because of the large longitudinal extent and difference of around 29°.
  • The time difference between these two sites is almost two hours.

Summary:

What are India's Longitudinal and Latitudinal Extents?

The Indian subcontinent stretches from 37°6′ N in Kashmir to 8°4′ N in Kanyakumari, excluding its islands. The Bay of Bengal's (with its islands) 6°45′N is where the southernmost point of India is located. This latitudinal extremity's length from north to south is 3,214 km. From 97°25′ E in Arunanchal Pradesh to 68°7′ E in Gujrat, its longitude is defined by. This 2,933 km-long extreme runs from East to West. Its eastern and westernmost points are separated by a difference of 30 degrees, which results in a time difference of around 2 hours. 3.28 million km², or 2.4% of the planet's territory, make up all of India. From 82°30′E, the Indian standard meridian passes. Indian standard time is five hours and thirty minutes earlier than GMT.

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What are the Longitudinal and Latitudinal Extents of India FAQ's

  • They are positioned at an angle to one another. Around the globe, parallel to the equator, are lines of latitude. From pole to pole, longitude lines are drawn.

  • In terms of angles, latitude and longitude are the same. They differ significantly from distance measurements because of this. Longitude and latitude are the angles that each given location on the surface of the Earth makes with the plane that intersects the Earth at its equator and the Prime Meridian, respectively.

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