West Flowing Rivers of Peninsular India
India is a geographical bliss comprising a group of rivers flowing across the nation. Most of the rivers flow in the east and enter the Bay of Bengal, but a few rivers flow opposite in the west direction.
West flowing rivers of peninsular India finally merge and join with the Arabian Sea. Below are the central west flowing rivers in India, their location, significant projects undertook, their tributaries, and important characteristics. UPSC aspirants can also glance at the major Rivers of India, their origin, tributaries, and sample questions that can be asked in the exam.
List of West Flowing Rivers in India
Below are the seven important west flowing river in India, along with their state of origin and total length. Apprehend the major characteristics of every west flowing river in more detail.
West Flowing River of India
Total length of West flowing river in India
Narmada (Reva River)
Luni (Salt River)
Narmada River (Reva River)
Narmada River is the primary west flowing rivers in India, found in the state of Madhya Pradesh. It is also commonly named as the Rewa River. Narmada River gets formed from the range of Maikala close to Amarkantak.
- The west flowing river flows through Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat.
- Its length is 1,310 km extending to its estuary in the Gulf of Khambhat from its origin in Amarkantak.
- Right bank tributaries of Narmada River are the Hatni River, Kolar River, Hiran River, Man River, Choral River, Uri, Tendoni River, Barna, and Orsang.
- Left bank Narmada tributaries – Tawa, Sher River, Burhner River, Chhota Tawa River, Kundi River, Banjar River, Kaveri River, Karjan River, Goi River, Dudhi River, Ganjal River, and Shakkar river.
- Sardar Sarovar Dam, Maheshwar Dam, and Indira Gandhi Sagar Dam are this river's principal Hydro Power Projects.
The second most famous among the west flowing rivers in India is the Tapti/Tapi River, also situated in Madhya Pradesh. It extends in Madhya Pradesh close to the Multai reserve forest at 752 meters.
- This is one of the west flowing rivers of India that flows through the states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Madhya Pradesh, with a length of around 724 km.
- The major projects on this river are the Ukai Dam, Kakrapar Dam, and Girna Dam.
- Right Bank: the Suki, the Arunavati, the Gomai, and the Aner.
- Left Bank: the Amravati, the Girna, the Mona, the Buray, Sipna, the Panjhra, the Purna, the Vaghur, and the Bori.
- The most valuable enterprises in the bay include paper and newsprint manufacturers at Nepanagar and textile plants in Surat.
Mahi river originates in the Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh and flows through Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Gujarat. Mahi river finally drains into the Gulf of Cambay.
- The basin extents over a distance of 34,842 square kilometers.
- Aravalli hills bound it on the northwest, Vindhyas on the south, the east is bordered by Malwa Plateau, and the west is edged by the Gulf of Khambhat.
- The overall length of the Mahi river is 583 km.
- Mahi is among the principal west flowing rivers of India between the states.
- The main Hydro Power plants on this river are Kadana Dam and Mahi Bajaj Sagar dam.
- The sole urban center in the bay is Vadodara.
- Left bank tributaries - Panam and Anas.
- Right bank tributary - Som, Gomti, and Jakham.
- Some industries are newsprint, pharmaceuticals, paper, cotton textile, and drugs.
Sabar and Hathmati streams form the Sabarmati River. Its bay stretches over Gujarat and Rajasthan, enclosing 21,674 square kilometers of area. Sabarmati originates from Tepur in Rajasthan’s Udaipur district.
- Aravalli ridges border the basin in the northeast and the north, in the west it touches Rann of Kutch, and in the southern region, it gets bound by the Gulf of Khambhat.
- The river spans a length of 371 km from its origin to its outlet in the Arabian Sea.
- The primary region of the gulf is covered by agriculture, accounting for 74.68% of the entire region.
- Left bank Sabarmati tributaries: the Hathmati, the Vatrak, and the Wakal.
- Right bank tributary: the Sei.
- The major projects undertaken under one of the west flowing rivers in India are the Meshwo reservoir project, the Hathmati reservoir, and the Sabarmati reservoir.
- The industrial metropolis found on the Sabarmati bank is Ahmedabad.
- Crucial industries are newsprint, textiles, drugs, plastic, rubber goods, automobiles, machines, leather goods, paper, pharmaceuticals, etc.
Luni River (Salt River)
Luni is a drainage basin that typically contains water and allows no flow to other external bodies of water, hence called an endorheic river. It is known as the salt river due to its brackish water below Balotra. It is one of the west flowing rivers in India.
- Another popular name for Luni is Sagarmati.
- It derives from the Western gradients of the Aravalli ranges around Ajmer.
- The area of the Luni river is 37,363 square kilometers, and it flows to a distance of 495 km.
- The strange thing about this river is that it expands its breadth because the banks contain soils that are easily erodible, whereas beds are composed of sand.
- The Luni River is the only largest river in the Thar desert in the northwest region of India.
- The main tributaries of the Luni river are Bandi, Jawai, Sukri, Guhiya, and Jojari rivers.
- The dams of the Luni river are the Sipu dam, Dantiwada dam, Jaswant Sagar Dam, Jawai dam, and Sardar Samand dam.
Tawa river rises from the Satpura Range of Betul in MP. This river is the longest tributary of River Narmada, having a total length of 117 Km.
- The river originates in the Mahadeo hills of the Chindwara district and joins Narmada in Hoshangabad.
- Tawa dam is formed on this river. It comes under the list of west flowing rivers in India with Bori Reserve Forest, India's oldest forest preserve, founded in 1865 along the Tawa river.
One of the most integral river in Karnataka, that flows towards the west is the Sharavati river. It arises from the Shimoga district of Karnataka. Sharavati River is popular in the country as it creates the most famous Jog Falls with a height of 253 meters.
- The overall distance through which the Sharavati river flows is 128 Km.
- The area of the Sharavathi river is 2,985 sq. km.
- Haridravathi, Mavinahole, Nandihole, Hilkunji, Yennehole, Hurlihole, and Nagodihole are the major tributaries of the Sharavathi river.
- The Sharavathi river has two dams: the Gerusoppa dam and the Linganamakki dam.
West Flowing Peninsular Rivers of the Sahyadris (Western Ghats)
The west flowing peninsular rivers in India inclines of the Western Ghats experience heavy rain from the southwest monsoons and feed enormous streams (approximately 600) that flow westwards to enter the Arabian Sea. Out of these, only 3% of the areal capacity flows swiftly downwards the vertical slope, and few of them create waterfalls.
The Ghaggar is the most vital river of inland drainage as it cannot reach the sea. It is a seasonal river that rises on the lower Himalayas slopes and creates the boundary between Punjab and Haryana.
- After traveling a distance of 465 km, it gets vanished near Hanumangarh in the arid sands of Rajasthan.
- Its main tributaries are Tangri, Chaitanya, Saraswati, and the Markanda.
- Large parts of the Rajasthan desert and Aksai Chin in Ladakh regions have inland drainage.
Mahadayi or Mhadei, forms in the Western Ghats (Bhimgad Wildlife Sanctuary) in the Belagavi area of Karnataka. It is a rain-fed, west flowing river, named Mandovi in Goa. The river traverses 82 km in Goa and 35 km in Karnataka before meeting the Arabian Sea.
- Several streams join to create the River Mandovi, one of two prominent rivers (the second one is the Zuari river) that streams through Goa.
- The Karnataka Government launched the Kalasa-Banduri Nala project to enhance the drinking water supply to the Communities of Gadag, Dharwad, and Belagavi.
West Flowing Rivers in India UPSC
Candidates must know the complete information about west flowing rivers in India UPSC, which comes under the Geography section for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Examination.
The subject is miscellaneous, and west flowing Peninsular Indian rivers is one topic that needs to be well-versed while preparing for the examination. Aspirants can regularly download the Geography Notes for Indian, World, and Physical Geography to revise the conceptual topics.
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