WBCS Geography Syllabus 2022 PDF: Download Paper 1, 2 Syllabus in Bengali

By Sumit Mazumder|Updated : July 13th, 2022

WBCS Geography Syllabus 2022: Geography is an extremely popular subject in the WBCS topper circles. It is a multi-dimensional and high-scoring subject. Candidates should have a good command of science-related topics to understand geography in a better way. Also, find the relationship with the humanities subjects. Download WBCS Geography Syllabus PDF from the direct link below.

Many aspirants of other subjects like science or humanities choose the subject at the top of their list of choices as an optional subject for the WBCS Exam. You must have a clear idea of the WBCS Geography Syllabus and the pattern of the paper. There are two papers for the exam (Paper 1 and Paper 2). Each paper is 200 marks and is a descriptive type. The time for each paper is 3 hours. Both papers take place on the same day.

Table of Content

Download WBCS Geography Syllabus PDF

The WBCS Exam aspirants taking Geography as an optional must remember that you must read the WBCS Geography Syllabus very carefully. Because only this syllabus tells you what to read and what not to read. Our mind has a certain capacity. And that is why if we do not study by following the syllabus, it becomes difficult to remember a lot of information.

☛ WBCS Geography Syllabus PDF, Download Now

WBCS Geography Syllabus

Let's look at the syllabus of WBCS Geography as an optional subject of WBCS. We will notice that the syllabus consists of three topics: Physical geography, India, and West Bengal Geography. The most interesting thing is that the syllabus of Compulsory Geography and Geography as optional is identical. So those who pick it as an optional will be able to do well in geography is Compulsory.

WBPSC WBCS Geography Syllabus

Paper 1

☛Principal of Geography (GROUP - A: Physical Geography)

Geomorphology

  • Nature and composition of earth's crust
  • Structure of earth's interior
  • Ocean Basins
  • Earth movements
  • Fundamental concepts in geomorphology
  • Landforms

Climatology

  • Atmosphere
  • Elements and factors of weather and climate
  • Tropical and Extratropical cyclones;
  • Global climatic changes.

Oceanography

  • Ocean Basins
  • Ocean currents

Environmental Geography

  • Nature and composition of Biosphere
  • Concepts relating to Ecosystem
  • Environmental pollution

Cartography

  • The Earth as a Cartographic Problem
  • Cylindrical and Conventional projections
  • Thematic mapping

☛ GROUP - B: Human Geography

Economic Geography

  • Concepts and theories of resources
  • Locational analysis of agriculture
  • Economic models
  • Economic systems and economic landscape
  • Global economic blocks

Population Geography

  • Factors and measures of population growth
  • Population distribution

Social & Political Geography

Settlement Geography

  • Origin and Growth of Settlements
  • Classification, functions, and morphology of towns and cities
  • Models of urban growth
  • The Urban field and inter-urban movement.

Regional Development and Planning

Paper 2

☛Regional Geography GROUP - A: Geography of India

Physical Geography

  • Location
  • Climate and Drainage
  • Soil and Natural Vegetation

Resource Base

  • Distribution, utilization, and Conservation of Land
  • Water (freshwater)
  • Water Disputes interstate and neighboring countries
  • Mineral (iron ore, manganese, bauxite, mica)
  • Energy

Economy

  • Indian agriculture
  • Green Revolution
  • Industrial development
  • Growth and Development of Transport and Communication System

Population

  • The population as a Resource
  • Population Growth
  • Population Problems
  • Population Policy

☛GROUP - B: GEOGRAPHY OF WEST BENGAL

Physical Geography

  • Location
  • Physiographic Divisions
  • Agro-climatic regions
  • Drainage systems
  • Soil
  • Natural Vegetation

Resource Base of West Bengal

Economy of West Bengal

Population of West Bengal

WBCS Geography Syllabus in Bengali

আসুন WBCS ঐচ্ছিক বিষয় হিসাবে WBCS Geography Syllabus -টি দেখি। আমরা লক্ষ্য করব যে সিলেবাসে তিনটি বিষয় রয়েছে: ভৌত ভূগোল, ভারত এবং পশ্চিমবঙ্গ ভূগোল। সবচেয়ে মজার বিষয় হল, ঐচ্ছিক হিসেবে বাধ্যতামূলক ভূগোল ও ভূগোলের সিলেবাস অভিন্ন। সুতরাং যারা এটিকে একটি ঐচ্ছিক হিসাবে বেছে নেবে তারা বাধ্যতামূলকভাবে ভূগোলে ভাল করতে সক্ষম হবে।

WBPSC WBCS Geography Syllabus 2022 in Bengali

পেপার 1

☛ভূগোলের মুখ্য বিষয়(GROUP - A : ভৌত ভূগোল)

জিওমরফোলজি

  • পৃথিবীর ভূত্বকের প্রকৃতি ও গঠন
  • পৃথিবীর অভ্যন্তরের কাঠামো
  • সমুদ্র অববাহিকা
  • পৃথিবীর গতিবিধি
  • জিওমরফোলজিতে মৌলিক ধারণাগুলি
  • ভূমিরূপ

আবাহাওয়াবিদ্যা

  • বায়ুমণ্ডল
  • আবহাওয়া এবং জলবায়ুর উপাদান এবং কারণগুলি
  • ক্রান্তীয় এবং extratropical সাইক্লোন;
  • বৈশ্বিক জলবায়ু পরিবর্তন।

সমুদ্রবিদ্যা

  • সমুদ্র অববাহিকা
  • সমুদ্রের স্রোত

পরিবেশগত ভূগোল

  • জীবমণ্ডলের প্রকৃতি ও গঠন
  • বাস্তুতন্ত্র সম্পর্কিত ধারণাগুলি
  • পরিবেশ দূষণ

মানচিত্রাঙ্কন

  • একটি কার্টোগ্রাফিক সমস্যা হিসাবে পৃথিবী
  • নলাকার এবং প্রচলিত প্রক্ষেপণ
  • থিম্যাটিক ম্যাপিং

☛GROUP - B: মানব ভূগোল

অর্থনৈতিক ভূগোল

  • সম্পদের ধারণা এবং তত্ত্ব
  • কৃষির অবস্থানগত বিশ্লেষণ
  • অর্থনৈতিক মডেল
  • অর্থনৈতিক সিস্টেম এবং অর্থনৈতিক আড়াআড়ি
  • বৈশ্বিক অর্থনৈতিক ব্লকসমূহ

জনসংখ্যাগত ভূগোল

  • জনসংখ্যা বৃদ্ধির কারণ ও পরিমাপ
  • জনসংখ্যা বন্টন

সামাজিক ও রাজনৈতিক ভূগোল

উপনিবেশিক ভূগোল

  • বসতির উৎপত্তি ও বৃদ্ধি
  • শহর ও শহরগুলির শ্রেণিবিন্যাস, ফাংশন এবং অঙ্গসংস্থানবিদ্যা
  • শহুরে বৃদ্ধির মডেল
  • শহুরে ক্ষেত্র এবং আন্তঃ-শহুরে আন্দোলন।

আঞ্চলিক উন্নয়ন ও পরিকল্পনা

Paper 2

☛আঞ্চলিক ভূগোল GROUP - A: ভারতের ভূগোল

প্রাকৃতিক ভূগোল

  • অবস্থান
  • জলবায়ু ও নিষ্কাশন
  • মাটি ও প্রাকৃতিক গাছপালা

রিসোর্স বেস

  • ভূমির বন্টন, ব্যবহার ও সংরক্ষণ
  • মিঠা জল (Freshwater)
  • জল বিরোধ আন্তঃরাজ্য এবং প্রতিবেশী দেশসমূহ
  • খনিজ (লৌহ আকরিক, ম্যাঙ্গানিজ, বক্সাইট, মাইকা)
  • শক্তি

অর্থনীতি

  • ভারতীয় কৃষি
  • সবুজ বিপ্লব
  • শিল্প উন্নয়ন
  • পরিবহন ও যোগাযোগ ব্যবস্থার উন্নয়ন ও উন্নয়ন

জনসংখ্যা

  • সম্পদ হিসেবে জনসংখ্যা
  • জনসংখ্যা বৃদ্ধি
  • জনসংখ্যাসমস্যা
  • জনসংখ্যা নীতি

☛GROUP - B: পশ্চিমবঙ্গের ভূগোল

প্রাকৃতিক ভূগোল

  • অবস্থান
  • ফিজিওগ্রাফিক বিভাগসমূহ
  • কৃষি-জলবায়ু অঞ্চলসমূহ
  • নদ নদী ব্যবস্থা
  • মৃত্তিকা
  • প্রাকৃতিক উদ্ভিদ

পশ্চিমবঙ্গের রিসোর্স বেস

পশ্চিমবঙ্গের অর্থনীতি

পশ্চিমবঙ্গের জনসংখ্যা

How to Prepare WBCS Geography Syllabus?

If you look at the WBCS Geography Syllabus, you will find that some concepts of science and General Studies are involved in this subject. You should have knowledge of General Studies and Science to perform well in the exam. It is advised to candidates that they should follow WBCS Exam Preparation Strategy. You can follow the points below precisely to do your preparation appropriately.

  • Your first task will be to read the previous year's (at least 5 years) questions. Last year's papers will help you understand the type of question.
  • You can start preparing for geography from NCERT books because the NCERT books explain all the information in very simple language.
  • When you complete the common concepts from the NCERT book, buy a standard book and start reading it. At the end of the week, give a final revision one day to cover WBCS Geography Syllabus.
  • Keep a map book with you when reading topics.
  • The most important thing in geography is map practice because the map and diagram in your answer sheet will help to increase your score.

Best Books for WBCS Geography Syllabus

Choosing the right book for the optional subject is very important. We have mentioned a few books from the WBCS Book List for candidates who are going to appear in the exam. Almost all the topics of the WBCS Geography Syllabus are covered in these books. Below are some important books for the preparation of Geography subject

Best Books To Cover WBCS Geography Syllabus

Geomorphology

Savinder Singh

Climatology

DS Lal

Biogeography

Savinder Singh

Economic Geography

K. Siddhartha

A Geography of Population

RC Chandna

Political Geography

Colin Flint, Peter J. Taylor

Geography of India

Majid Husain

Strategy to Score Good Marks With WBCS Geography Syllabus

If we look at the WBCS Geography Syllabus, we can see that anyone being a humanities or science student can easily grasp this subject. Geography is the scientific study of the earth's physical features and how humans are impacted or influenced by these properties. It is very important to have WBCS NCERT books for preparation. If the following methods are followed properly, you will get sound outcomes in this subject.

  • Knowing the pattern of questions asked in previous year's papers are extremely important. If you follow the previous year's papers and WBCS Geography Syllabus, you will know exactly where you can score more.
  • One thing you should always keep in mind. It would be best to study this subject at least once daily because the WBCS Geography Syllabus is not very small.
  • In the case of geography, diagram plays a big role. The diagram is often not asked in the exam, but you must put the diagram wherever it is needed. It will increase your score. So try to practice the diagrams at home. It will help you a lot during the exam.
  • Another aspect of geography is map pointing. Get to know the locations very well. It is always necessary to keep rolling your eyes in a globe or atlas. Only then will the map of India be remembered like the palm.

The WBPSC conducts the WBCS exam almost every year for the most prestigious government posts in West Bengal. Keep in mind that current affairs play a vital role in exams like the WBCS exam, Candidates can take the help of Daily current affairs. Only hard work will not take your success, smart work is the key to success.

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WBCS Geography Syllabus 2022 FAQs

  • The WBCS Geography Syllabus consists of four parts: physical, human, and the geography of India and West Bengal. The most important thing is that WBCS Geography Optional Syllabus has much in common with the geography syllabus as a compulsory subject in the Prelims and Mains Exam of WBCS Exam. So those who select it as an optional subject will no longer have to worry about their geography part in WBCS Prelims and Mains exam.

  • Candidates can download the WBCS Geography syllabus from the official website of WBPSC. Else, they can hit the link above to download the syllabus pdf on their device.

  • Several parts in the entire WBCS Geography Syllabus are very important. Most of the questions in the previous year came from that parts. Here are some most important topics of the syllabus

    • Structure and composition of earth's crust
    • Plate tectonic theory 
    • Structure and composition of earth's atmosphere
    • Tropical and Extratropical cyclones
    • Ocean 
    • Nature and composition of Biosphere
    • Economic Geography 
    • Population growth
    • Geography of West Bengal
  • The WBCS Geography Syllabus consists of two papers. The first paper contains human geography & physical geography. The second paper mainly contains the geography of India and West Bengal. 

  • First, you have to read the WBCS Geography Syllabus sincerely. Then practice with last year's papers. it is important to understand the question pattern and the most important topics. Cover the syllabus and create notes for preparation. Generally, aspirants get 6 to 7 months before WBCS Mains, to complete the syllabus of Optional subject.

  • You must read separate books for the different topics of Paper 1 and Paper 2 in the WBCS Geography Syllabus because only one book does not cover the entire syllabus. You can have books from WBCS Book List mentioned below.

    • Geomorphology by Savinder Singh
    • Climatology by DS Lal
    • Biogeography by Savinder Singh
    • Economic Geography by K. Siddhartha 
    • A Geography of Population by RC Chandna
    • Geography of India by Majid Husain 
  • The candidates who have applied for WBCS Group A and B have to give two optional papers along with the compulsory paper. Completing this WBCS Geography Syllabus in just 3 months is not very difficult if you have a prior understanding of geography. You must adopt a somewhat smarter method if you don't have it. This topic will help you the most in the past year's questions because these will tell which topics you must focus on to score well. 

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