Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 9th September 2020

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : September 9th, 2020

Vocabulary is an essential tool to ace the English section in competitive examinations. You can score better in the subject if you are able to intensify your command over Vocabulary. A regular reading habit can help you with this. With the exercise, you will come across a number of new words, whose meanings you can look up in the dictionary. This, in turn, will help you understand the context of the piece you are reading.

Reading articles from newspapers helps you in two ways: Memorising Static Facts from the Article & Enhancing your Vocabulary.

In conjunction with the above idea, we bring to you our series ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. This series aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly (and not so commonly) used words, ranging from their meaning and pronunciations to proper usage in sentences.

Today's article is from "The Hindu" newspaper. Understand the gist of the article using the meaning of the words that are given below and practice questions at the end of this article.

Test by choice: On rising coronavirus cases in India

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Nuance (भेद)

  • Pronunciation: noo-ahns/नूआन्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. a subtle difference in or shade of meaning, expression, or sound.
  • Synonyms: distinction, overtone
  • Antonyms: roughness, inexactness
  • Use in a Sentence: There are layers of nuance and humour in her speech.

2. Word:  Novel(नया)

  • Pronunciation: Novel/नावल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. interestingly new or unusual
  • Synonyms: unique, original, fresh
  • Antonyms: common, usual, vintage
  • Usage in a sentence: The studio is looking for novel concepts to turn into original television series.

 3Word: Surpassed (बढ़ जाना)

  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. exceeded; be greater than / be better than.
  • Pronunciation: सर-पास
  • Synonyms: exceed, excel, transcend, outpaced
  • Antonyms: fail, emanate, expose, lose
  • Use in a Sentence: Since I am practising harder, I know this time I will surpass my last year’s exam score.

4. Word: Ramp up (बढ़ाना)

  • Pronunciation: ramp up/रैंप अप
  • Meaning: 
    a. to increase or cause to increase
    b. (intr) to increase the effort involved in a process
  • Synonyms: build up, work up, progress, fortify
  • Antonyms: corrode
  • Use in a Sentence: The company announced plans to ramp up production to 10,000 units per month.

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5. Word: Undertake (उत्तरदायित्व लेना)

  • Pronunciation: uhn-der-teyk/ अन्डर्टेक
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning
    a. commit oneself to and begin (an enterprise or responsibility); take on.
    b. promise to do a particular thing.
  • Synonyms: engage, conduct, pledge
  • Antonyms: abstain, avoid, relinquish, renounce
  • Usage in a sentence: The researchers undertook a series of studies.

6. Word: Divert (मोड़ना)

  • Pronunciation: dih-vurt/डाइवर्ट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to cause something or someone to change direction
    b. to take someone's attention away from something
  • Synonyms: distract, deflect, deviate
  • Antonyms: stay, direct
  • Usage in a sentence: Traffic will be diverted through the side streets while the main road is resurfaced.

7. Word: Containment (नियंत्रण)

  • Pronunciation: kuh n-teyn-muh nt/ कन्टेन्मन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. the act of keeping something harmful under control or within limits.
    b. the action or policy of preventing the expansion of a hostile country or influence
  • Synonyms: control, confinement, restriction
  • Antonyms: freedom, expression, appearance
  • Usage in a SentenceContainment of crowd violence was the police's main concern.

8. Word: Hotspot (महत्वपूर्ण गतिविधि, खतरे या हिंसा की जगह)

  • Pronunciation: hot-spot/हॉटस्पॉट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a place of significant activity, danger, or violence
  • Antonyms: cold area
  • Usage in a sentence: The border has become a major hotspot.

9. Word: Discretionary (विवेकगत)

  • Pronunciation: dih-skresh-uh-ner-ee/ डिस्क्रेशनेरी
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: available for use at the discretion of the user.
  • Synonyms: optional, elective, voluntary
  • Antonyms: compulsory, obligatory
  • Usage in a sentence: The company used to give discretionary bonus payments.

10. Word: Procurement (खरीद , हासिल करना)

  • Pronunciation: pro-cure-ment/प्रोक्युर्मन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the action of obtaining or procuring something
  • Synonyms:  acquirement, attainment, gain
  • Antonyms: sale, lose, give away
  • Usage in a sentence: If you would like to go on the school field trip, procurement of your parents’ signature on this permission form is necessary.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Ramp up
  • Nuance
  • Undertake
  • Discretionary
  • Procurement

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordAntonym
1 acquirement compulsory
2 control engage
3 abstain unique
4 common freedom
5 elective lose

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

Prep Smart, Score Better, Go Gradeup!

Posted by:

 Nilanjan Paul Nilanjan PaulMember since Feb 2020
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Comments

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Debjani Gorai
Ex-1
Ramp up- The arrangement for this year's diwali party has already ramped up.
Nuance- The nuance in their behaviour in noticeable.
Undertake- Since no one was willing, John undertook the difficult task.
Discretionary - The discretionary for using the device is given at the back of the booklet.
Procurement - Procurement of fruits and vegetables became exceedingly difficult for the people, with the extension of the lockdown.
Ex-2
Acquirement- Lose
Control- Freedom
Abstain- Engage
Common - Unique
Elective- Compulsory
...Read More
Chan Doraemi
The procurement of new admendments within the organisation was necessary to ramp up the mutual cooperation and undertaking of responsibilities with discretion. Many colleagues feel it as a novel idea which can reduce nuances between workers.
...Read More
Ankita Sharma
Acquirement: lose
Control: freedom
Abstain: engage
Common: Unique
Elective: Compulsory
#After sudden increase in covid19 cases in past few days, Govt decided to ramp up testing to prevent speedy spread of corona.
#One must know the nuance between positive and negative thoughts.
#I want you to undertake all the responsibility.
#In this course you can select 2 discretionary subjects along with compulsory ones.
#To improve production, management decided to procure new machinery on lease for 5 years.
...Read More
Pramod

PramodSep 11, 2020

#As the date of PM visit is approaching,the decoration management on streets ramped up their speed
#my friend undertaken the whole business responsibility after his father's death
#judges enjoy some discretionary powers
#
...Read More
Prashvith Jv

Prashvith JvSep 17, 2020

1. Lose
2. Freedom
3. Engage
4. Unique
5. Compulsory
Prateek Mishra
Elective- compulsory, control,,- freedom,common- unique, acquirement-lose,abstain- engage

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