Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 30 June, 2020

By Shruti Kapoor|Updated : June 30th, 2020

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’.

Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Letter and spirit: On new domicile rules in J&K

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Cohort (दल)

  • Pronunciation: koh-hawrt/कोहॉर्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. a group or company
    b. a companion or associate
    c. any group of soldiers or warriors
    d. an accomplice; abettor
    e. a group of persons sharing a particular statistical or demographic characteristic
  • Synonyms: companion, associate, ally, comrade
  • Antonyms: antagonistic, enemy, rival, opponent
  • Usage in a sentence: The Mayor and his cohorts have abused their positions of power.

2. Word: Succor (सहायता)

  • Pronunciation: suhk-er/सकर 
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. help; relief; aid; assistance (Noun)
    b. a person or thing that gives help, relief, aid, etc (Noun)
    c. to help or relieve (Verb)
  • Synonyms: help, assistance, relief
  • Antonyms: hindrance, obstruction, agony
  • Usage in a sentence: Good health, and succor when ill, are among the most fundamental and universal human needs.

 3Word: Influx (अंतः प्रवाह)

  • Pronunciation: in-fluhks/इन्फ्लक्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. act of flowing in
    b. an inflow (opposed to outflow)
    c. the place at which one stream flows into another or into the sea
    d. the mouth of a stream
  • Synonyms: inflow, affluent, flow, arrival, inrush
  • Antonyms: outflow, efflux, outpouring
  • Usage in a sentence: Turkey is expecting an influx of several thousand refugees over the next few days.

4. Word: Accentuate (अधिक सुस्पष्ट करना)

  • Pronunciation: ak-sen-choo-eyt/ऐक्सेन्चूऐट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to give emphasis or prominence to
    b. to mark or pronounce with an accent
  • Synonyms: stress, emphasize, accent, highlight
  • Antonyms: de-emphasize, play down
  • Usage in a sentence: The new policy only serves to accentuate the inadequacy of help for the homeless.

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5. Word: Erstwhile (पूर्व )

  • Pronunciation: urst-hwahyl/अर्स्ट्वाइल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Adverb
  • Meaning:
    a. former, previous ( Adjective)
    b. in the past;formerly (Adverb)
  • Synonyms: former, late, old, once, onetime, other, past, quondam, sometime, whilom
  • Usage in a sentence: The border separated many schools and colleges from their erstwhile catchment areas.

6. Word: Mitigate (घटाना)

  • Pronunciation: mit-i-geyt/मिटिगेट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning
    a. to lessen in force or intensity, as wrath, grief, harshness, or pain; moderate
    b. to make less severe
    c. to make (a person, one's state of mind, disposition, etc.) milder or more gentle; mollify; appease
  • Synonyms: reduce, alleviate, ease, lessen
  • Antonyms: aggravate, increase, intensify
  • Usage in a sentence: It is unclear how to mitigate the effects of tourism on the island.

7. Word: Polarization (ध्रुवीकरण)

  • Pronunciation: poh-ler-uh-zey-shuh n/पोलरिज़ेशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the act of dividing something, especially something that contains different people or opinions, into two completely opposing groups
    b. the act of making light waves move in one direction only, or mainly in one direction
    c. the deposit of gases, produced during electrolysis, on the electrodes of a cell, increasing the resistance of the cell
    d. the production or acquisition of polarity
    • Usage in a sentence: Our goal is lively discussion, not polarization.

8. Word: Cocoon (कोश)

  • Pronunciation: kuh-koon/ककून
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. the silky envelope spun by the larvae of many insects, as silkworms, serving as a covering while they are in the pupal stage (Noun)
    b. any of various similar protective coverings in nature, as the silky case in which certain spiders enclose their eggs (Noun)
    c. a safe, quiet place (Noun)
    d. to produce a cocoon (Verb)
    e. to wrap or enclose tightly (Verb)
    f. to provide (machinery, guns, etc.) with a protective, airtight covering by spraying with polyvinyl chloride or the like (Verb)
  • Synonyms: envelop, insulate, shield, wrap
  • Antonyms: expose, uncover
  • Usage in a sentence: As a student you're cocooned against/from the real world.

9. Word: Untenable (अरक्षणीय)

  • Pronunciation: uhn-ten-uh-buhl /अन्टेनबल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. incapable of being defended, as an argument, thesis, etc.; indefensible.
    b. not fit to be occupied, as an apartment, house
  • Synonyms: indefensible, unsustainable, unsound, invalid
  • Antonyms: reasonable, arguable, sound
  • Usage in a sentence: If three people in four no longer support the government, isn't this an untenable situation?

10. Word: Domicile (निवासः स्थान)

  • Pronunciation: dom-uh-sahyl/डामिसाइल
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. a place of residence; abode; house or home (Noun)
    b. Law. a permanent legal residence (Noun)
    c. to establish in a domicile (Verb)
  • Synonyms: home, residence, house, abode
  • Usage in a sentence: Any change of domicile should be reported to the proper authorities. 

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Polarization
  • Influx
  • Domicile
  • Mitigate
  • Accentuate

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

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