Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 29 June, 2020

By Shruti Kapoor|Updated : June 29th, 2020

Over the last few years, aspirants of competitive examinations have been witnessing new types of questions in almost every examination they take. The questions based on new patterns mostly appear in the English section as the subject provides the maximum scope for experimentation. The examination bodies twist the questions to stimulate the analytical skills of the candidates. However, the basics never change and Vocabulary is one one of the most essential basics of the English language. A sound command over Vocabulary allows you to tackle the questions and solve problems efficiently. 

Our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ aims to help you completely understand the commonly used words with their meanings, pronunciations, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc. Here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Indian Express’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading! 

Unmaking in India

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Prudence (क्रियात्मक बुद्धि/विवेक)

  • Pronunciation: prood-ns/प्रूडन्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. behaviour that is careful and avoids risks
    b. the state of being careful in the way you make decisions or spend money so that you avoid unnecessary risks
    c. regard for one's own interests
    d. provident care in the management of resources; economy; frugality
  • Synonyms: caution, care, wisdom
  • Antonyms: imprudence, insanity, rashness, craziness
  • Usage in a sentence: The firm was commended for its financial prudence.

2. Word: Shun (त्यागना)

  • Pronunciation: shuhn/शन
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: persistently avoid, ignore, or reject (someone or something) through antipathy or caution.
  • Synonyms: evade, dodge
  • Antonyms: accept, embrace
  • Usage in a Sentence: They wear simple clothes and shun modern inventions.

 3Word: Contemplate (चिंतन करना)

  • Pronunciation: kon-tuhm-pleyt/कान्टम्प्लेट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning
    a. to spend time considering a possible future action, or to consider one particular thing for a long time in a serious and quiet way
    b. to have as a purpose; intend
    c. to have in view as a future event
  • Synonyms: consider, ponder, study, reflect
  • Antonyms: forget, disregard, neglect
  • Usage in a sentence: They were contemplating a move to California.

4. Word: Lobby (अपने पक्ष में जनमत तैयार करना )

  • Pronunciation: lob-ee/लाबी
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. to try to persuade a politician, the government, or an official group that a particular thing should or should not happen, or that a law should be changed (Verb)
    b. the (large) room into which the main entrance door opens in a hotel or other large building (Noun)
  • Synonyms: pressure group, anteroom, corridor, push
  • Antonyms: repress, exit, pull 
  • Usage in a sentence: Council members have been lobbying colleagues on how to vote.

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5. Word: Crux (मूल )

  • Pronunciation: kruhks/क्रक्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the most important or serious part of a matter, problem, or argument
    b. something that torments by its puzzling nature; a perplexing difficulty
  • Synonyms: core, heart, essence, gist
  • Antonyms: subtopic, subordinate idea 
  • Usage in a sentence: The crux of the country's economic problems is its foreign debt.

6. Word: Presage (भविष्य कहना)

  • Pronunciation: pres-ij/प्रीसेज
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a. a presentiment or foreboding (Noun)
    b. something that portends or foreshadows a future event; an omen, prognostic, or warning indication (Noun)
    c. to have a presentiment of (Verb)
    d. to show or suggest that something, often something unpleasant, will happen (Verb)
    e. to make a prediction (Verb)
  • Synonyms: foreshadow, foretell, omen, sign
  • Antonyms: contraindicate 
  • Usage in a sentence: But still the economy is not showing signs of any of the excesses that normally presage a recession.

7. Word: Opportune (सामयिक)

  • Pronunciation: op-er-toon/आपर्टून
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. happening at a time that is likely to produce success or is convenient
    b. appropriate, favorable, or suitable
    c. occurring or coming at an appropriate time
  • Synonyms: timely, convenient, happy, appropriate
  • Antonyms: inopportune, untimely, ill-timed
  • Usage in a sentence: You couldn’t have arrived at a more opportune time.

8. Word: Clamour (गुहार करना/शोर मचाना )

  • Pronunciation: klam-er/क्लैमर
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to make a loud complaint or demand
    b. loud noise, especially made by people's voices
  • Synonyms: hue and cry, uproar, commotion, racket
  • Antonyms: suicide silence, peace, quiet, calmness
  • Usage in a sentence: After the bombing, there was a public clamour for vengeance.

9. Word: Rhetoric (वाक्चातुर्य)

  • Pronunciation: ret-er-ik /रेटरिक
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. language that is impressive-sounding but not meaningful or sincere
    b. the art or power of speaking or writing in a forceful and convincing way
  • Synonyms: oratory, speech, discourse, articulateness, eloquence
  • Antonyms: inarticulateness
  • Usage in a sentence: I was swayed by her rhetoric into donating all my savings to the charity.

10. Word: Emanate (उत्पन्न होना)

  • Pronunciation: em-uh-neyt/एमनेट 
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to express a quality or feeling through the way that you look and behave
    b. to come from or out of
  • Synonyms: arise, emerge, spring
  • Antonyms: absorb, take, conceal, disappear 
  • Usage in a sentence: Her face emanated sadness.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Opportune
  • Clamour 
  • Rhetoric
  • Emanate
  • Lobby

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordAntonym
1Contemplate Disregard
2Shun Contraindicate 
3Prudence Subtopic
4Crux Embrace
5Presage Insanity

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

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