Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 19th September 2020

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : September 19th, 2020

Over the last few years, aspirants of competitive examinations have been witnessing new types of questions in almost every examination they take. The questions based on new patterns mostly appear in the English section as the subject provides the maximum scope for experimentation. The examination bodies twist the questions to stimulate the analytical skills of the candidates. However, the basics never change and Vocabulary is one one of the most essential basics of the English language. A sound command over Vocabulary allows you to tackle the questions and solve problems efficiently.

Our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ aims to help you completely understand the commonly used words with their meanings, pronunciations, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc.

Here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Need for caution: On Russia’s Sputnik V vaccine

Important Words from the Article

1. WordGestation (विकास)

  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the development of something over a period of time.
  • Pronunciation: je-stey-shuh n/जेस्टैशन
  • Synonyms: formation, evolution,
  • Antonyms: reversion, regression
  • Use in a Sentence: The film was three years in gestation.

2. Word: Efficacious (प्रभावशाली)

  • Pronunciation: ef-i-key-shuh s/एफकैशस
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. able to produce the intended result
  • Synonyms: effective, effectual, powerful, efficient
  • Antonyms: ineffective, inefficient, feeble
  • Usage in a sentence: Similar approaches might be efficacious with respect to insect pests of agriculture.

 3Word: Deploy (असरदार तरीके से इस्तेमाल करना)

  • Pronunciation: dih-ploi / डिप्लॉइ
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. move (troops or equipment) into position for military action.
    b. bring into effective action.
  • Synonyms: install, utilize, employ
  • Antonyms: uninstall, withdraw
  • Usage in a sentence: The decision has been made to deploy extra troops.

4. Word: Incumbent (अवलंबी)

  • Pronunciation: in-kuhm-buh nt/ इन्कम्बन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility. [Adjective]
    b. the holder of an office or post. [Noun]
  • Synonyms: necessary, tenured, compulsory, officeholder
  • Antonyms: optional, unnecessary
  • Usage in a sentence: It is incumbent upon all users of this equipment to familiarize themselves with the safety procedure.

5. Word: Vigilant (सचेत)

    • Pronunciation: vij-uh-luh nt/विजलन्ट
    • Part of Speech: Adjective
    • Meaning: 
      a. keeping careful watch for possible danger or difficulties.
    • Synonyms: watchful, attentive
    • Antonyms: careless, negligent
    • Usage in a Sentence: Following the bomb scare at the airport, the staff have been warned to be extra vigilant.

6. Word: Scrupulous (अतिसतर्क)

  • Pronunciation: स्क्रूप्यलस/skroo-pyuh-luhs
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. doing everything correctly and exactly as it should be done
  • Synonyms: meticulous, conscientious, careful
  • Antonyms: careless, negligent, unscrupulous
  • Usage in a sentence: The nurse told him to be scrupulous about keeping the wound clean.

7. Word:  Minuscule (बहुत सूक्ष्म)

  • Pronunciation: min-uh-skyool/मिनस्क्यूल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: 
    a. extremely small; tiny.
  • Synonyms: diminutive, little
  • Antonyms: huge, gigantic
  • Use in a Sentence: The chances of getting the disease are minuscule.

8. Word: Indigenous (स्वदेशी)

  • Pronunciation: in-dij-uh-nuhs/इन्डिजनस
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. originating in and characteristic of a particular region or country; native (often followed by to)
    b. innate; inherent; natural (usually followed by to)
  • Synonyms: native, aboriginal, domestic
  • Antonyms: foreign, alien, exotic
  • Usage in a sentence: The most profitable indigenous business is cocoa growing.

9. Phrase: Make way (आज्ञा देना)

  • Pronunciation: make-wey/मेक वै 
  • Meaning:
    a. allow room for someone or something else
    b. make progress; travel
  • Usage in a sentence: The land is due to be concreted over to make way for a car park.

10. Phrase: Account for (ज़िम्मेदारी)

  • Pronunciation: uh-kount for/अकाउन्ट फॉर 
  • Meaning:
    a. to explain the reason for something or the cause of something
    b. to form part of a total
  • Usage in a sentence: Rural Americans are often older than those in other parts of America and that may account for the slower adoption rates for internet access.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Scrupulous
  • Minuscule
  • Indigenous
  • Make way
  • Account for

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1 aboriginal watchful
2 attentive exotic
3 regression domestic
4 diminutive reversion
5 foreign little

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

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Chetan Goyal

Chetan GoyalSep 19, 2020

Why this post is not showing in ur profile?
Chan Doraemi

Chan DoraemiSep 19, 2020

Swach Bharat Abhiyan initiative has brought a lot of impact in our surroundings. It not only made us aware and scrupulous about the cleanliness but also accounted for the country's upliftment. From indigenous communities to big municipal corporation, all play an equal role in effective implementation. Such a unity in diversity is worth a praise and proves our oneness when it comes to nation.
Ankita Sharma
Aboriginal: domestic
Attentive: watchful
Regression: reversion
Diminutive: little
Foreign: exotic
In order to stay safe during covid19 pandemic scrupulously follow guidelines & advisory issued by WHO, government as minuscule virus that causes COVID-19 is mainly transmitted or make way through droplets generated when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or exhales. As per reports 10% of India's population above 60 accounts for 50% of covid  deaths.
Vijay Waghumbare
During this time of pandemic, Indian government should adopt scrupulous measures to get the economy out of crisis.
These measures should be divided into minuscule initiatives which will pave the way for getting positive results.
As our honourable prime minister initiated self reliant India campaign through which many indigenous products will be made in turn deviate ourself from exporting things from other countries.
People should come forward to make this campaign successful which will make way for India to compete globally.
Positive approach, contribution from towards this initiative account for India to become a global leader.
Rohit Sharma

Rohit SharmaSep 21, 2020

Aboriginal -Domestic
Attentive - Watchful
Regression- reversion
Diminiutive- Little
Foreign - domestic

An instrument when repaired has to be in a scrupulous way otherwise it could make way for its permanent damage . Even the miniuscule amout of carelessness in the quality control department of any indigenous industry can lead to fall in trust in its customers for it & the industrial engineer who was assigned for this job has to be accounted for this .

PO, Clerk, SO, Insurance

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tags :PO, Clerk, SO, InsuranceEnglishUnion Bank SO ExamNRA CET Nainital BankUnion Bank of India SOOdisha State Cooperative Bank

PO, Clerk, SO, Insurance

BankingIBPS POIBPS ClerkSBI POIBPS SOSBI ClerkRBIRRBLICESICNainital BankOtherQuick LinkMock Test
tags :PO, Clerk, SO, InsuranceEnglishUnion Bank SO ExamNRA CET Nainital BankUnion Bank of India SOOdisha State Cooperative Bank

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