Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 19th August 2020

By Shruti Kapoor|Updated : August 19th, 2020

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’.

Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

End of a run: on M.S. Dhoni's retirement from international cricket

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Tropes (वक्रोक्‍ति अलंकार)

  • Pronunciation: trohp/ट्रोप
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. any literary or rhetorical device, as metaphor, metonymy, synecdoche, and irony, that consists in the use of words in other than their literal sense
    b. a phrase, sentence, or verse formerly interpolated in a liturgical text to amplify or embellish
    c. a recurring theme or motif, as in literature or art
    a convention or device that establishes a predictable or stereotypical d. representation of a character, setting, or scenario in a creative work
    e. (in the philosophy of Santayana) the principle of organization according to which matter moves to form an object during the various stages of its existence
  • Usage in a sentence: Human-like robots are a classic trope of science fiction.

2. Word: Akin (सदृश/सजातीय)

  • Pronunciation: uh-kin/ऐकिन
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. of kin; related by blood (usually used predicatively)
    b. allied by nature; having the same properties
    c. having or showing an affinity; kindred
  • Synonyms: similar, related, cognate
  • Antonyms: diverse, different, alien
  • Usage in a sentence: They speak a language akin to French.

 3Word: Contour (समोच्च रेखा खींचना/परिरेखा)

  • Pronunciation: kon-toor/कान्टुर
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb, Adjective 
  • Meaning
    a. the outline of a figure or body; the edge or line that defines or bounds a shape or object (Noun)
    b. to mark with contour lines (Verb)
    c. to make or form the contour or outline of (Verb)
    d. molded or shaped to fit a particular contour or form (Adjective)
    e. a line on a map that joins points of equal height or depth, in a way that shows high and low areas of land (Noun)
  • Synonyms: outline, shape, profile
  • Antonyms: core, base, center
  • Usage in a sentence: This map has contours marked at 250-metre intervals.

4. Word: Prowess (शूरता/कौशल)

  • Pronunciation: prou-is/प्राउइस
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. great ability or skill
    b. a valiant or daring deed
    c. exceptional valor, bravery, or ability, especially in combat or battle
  • Synonyms: skill, mastery, courage
  • Antonyms: weakness, timorousness
  • Usage in a sentence: His prowess as a public speaker is commendable.

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5. Word: Innate (अंतर्जात/सहजात)

  • Pronunciation: ih-neyt/इनेट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. existing in one from birth; inborn; native
    b. inherent in the essential character of something
    c. originating in or arising from the intellect or the constitution of the mind, rather than learned through experience
  • Synonyms: inborn, inbuilt, intrinsic, ingrained
  • Antonyms: learned, acquired, extrinsic
  • Usage in a sentence: Cyril's most impressive quality was his innate goodness.

6. Word: Mind-boggling (विलक्षण)

  • Pronunciation: mahynd-bog-ling/माइंड बॉगलिंग
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. extremely surprising and difficult to understand or imagine
    b. intellectually overwhelming
  • Synonyms: astonishing, overwhelming, breathtaking
  • Antonyms: unimpressive, dreary
  • Usage in a sentence: She was paid the mind-boggling sum of ten million dollars for that film.

7. Word: Quirk (विचित्रता)

  • Pronunciation: kwurk/क्वर्क
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. a peculiarity of action, behavior, or personality; mannerism
    b. a shift, subterfuge, or evasion; quibble
    c. a sudden twist or turn
    d. a flourish or showy stroke, as in writing
  • Synonyms: peculiarity, oddity, caprice
  • Antonyms: inability, normality
  • Usage in a sentence: You have to get used to other people's quirks and foibles.

8. Word: Vogue (ख़्याति)

  • Pronunciation: vohg/वोग
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a fashion or general liking, especially one that is temporary
    b. popular currency, acceptance, or favor; popularity
  • Synonyms: fashion, style, rage, craze
  • Antonyms: tawdry, old-fashioned, unpopular 
  • Usage in a sentence: The short hemline is very much in vogue (= fashionable) this spring.

9. Word: Pantheon (शीर्षस्थ व्यक्तियों का दल)

  • Pronunciation: pan-thee-on/पैन्थीआन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a small group of people who are the most famous, important, and admired in their particular area of activity
    b. (lowercase) a public building containing tombs or memorials of the illustrious dead of a nation.
    c. (lowercase) a temple dedicated to all the gods
    d. (lowercase) the gods of a particular mythology considered collectively
  • Synonyms: temple, pagoda, hall of fame
  • Antonyms: common people
  • Usage in a sentence: Don't you agree that Malcolm X definitely has a place in the pantheon of black civil rights heroes?

10. Word: Dwindle (दुर्बल होना)

  • Pronunciation: dwin-dl/ड्विन्डल
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to become smaller and smaller; shrink; waste away
    b. to fall away, as in quality; degenerate
    c. to make smaller and smaller; cause to shrink
  • Synonyms: lessen, decrease, diminish, wane
  • Antonyms: expand, enlarge, extend
  • Usage in a sentence: The community has dwindled to a tenth of its former size in the last two years.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Tropes
  • Akin
  • Contour
  • Prowess
  • Innate

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1Quirk Wane
2Dwindle Fashion
3Pantheon  Breathtaking
4Vogue Pagoda
5Mind-boggling Pecularity

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

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SadhanaAug 19, 2020

Dwindle -wane
Mind boggling - breathtaking

SadhanaAug 19, 2020

*Drawing was Preethi's innate talent.
* she has prowess to overcome the hurdles in her path.
Amit Kumar

Amit KumarAug 19, 2020

Provide repetative vocabulary. Most used in the newspaper.
Debjani Gorai
✏️Tropes- These fish tropes are quite common in Madhubani art forms.
✏️Akin- She dresses akin her mother and tries to imitate her mannerisms.
✏️Contour- The newspaper report beautifully contours the plot of the movie without giving out any spoilers.
✏️Prowess- Balwant was a tiger tamer and his prowess was heard of in places far off.
✏️Innate- Ria has this innate ability to make people instantly comfortable with her.
Quirk- Peculiarity
Dwindle- Wane
Pantheon - Pagoda
Vogue- Fashion
Mind-boggling - Breathtaking
Divy Bhargava
Quirk * peculiarity
Dwindle * wane
Pantheon * pagoda
Vogue  * fashion
Mind boggling * breath taking
Chan Doraemi

Chan DoraemiAug 19, 2020

M.S. Dhoni has an innate quality to prowess any the cricket league. No one has yet provided an aura akin to his while in stadium. His contours were insuppressable. He has been the obvious trope of international cricket. Now he will be missed.
Itz Me

Itz MeAug 19, 2020

Quirk -Peculiarity(
Mind blogging - breath taking
Reeta Mewada

Reeta MewadaAug 19, 2020

Quirk.. Peculiarity
Dwindle.. Wane
Pantheon.. Pagoda
Vogue.. Fashion
Mind boggling.. Breathtaking

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