Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 18 June, 2020

By Shruti Kapoor|Updated : June 18th, 2020

Over the last couple of years, the English section of the competitive exams has given good surprises. You must have encountered one or more new types of questions in almost every exam you appear for. Many of these questions exclusively check your vocabulary skills. So, apart from enhancing your reading, writing and speaking skills, a sound grip on vocabulary helps you score better in examinations. 

Reading is one of the best ways to boost your vocabulary. As you read a piece of writing, you come across new words which you might not have come across before. So, we must always try to inculcate a habit of reading.

Keeping this vision in mind, we bring to you the series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. The articles in this series fulfil your daily intake of English words. The series tries to feature words from an article, with their meanings, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc. Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’. Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Happy Reading!

A quota case: On quota politics

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Regime (शासन-पद्धति)

  • Pronunciation: ruh-zheem/रैश़ीम
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. a mode or system of rule or government
    b. a ruling or prevailing system
    c. a government in power
    d. the period during which a particular government or ruling system is in power
    e. a particular way of operating or organizing a system
  • Synonyms: system, government, scheme, authorities
  • Antonyms: chaos, disorder, anarchy
  • Usage in a sentence: He urged governments worldwide to break diplomatic ties with the new regime.

2. Word: Veer (दिशा बदलना)

  • Pronunciation: veer/वीर
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. to change direction or turn about or aside; shift, turn, or change from one course, position, inclination, etc., to another (verb)
    b. to change direction clockwise (Verb)
    c. a change of direction, position, course (Noun)
  • Synonyms: turn, curve, diverge
  • Antonyms: straighten, stay, remain constant
  • Usage in a sentence: All of a sudden, the car veered off the road.

 3Word: Decibel (तरंगों की तीव्रता का माप)

  • Pronunciation: des-uh-bel/डेसबेल
  • Part of Speech
  • Meaning
    a. a unit for measuring the loudness of sound
  • Synonyms: acoustic, babel, sound unit
  • Usage in a sentence: The decibel levels of this new layer of site exploration needed careful consideration.

4. Word: Quash (समाप्त करना/निष्प्रभाव करना)

  • Pronunciation: kwosh/क्वॉश
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to put down or suppress completely; quell; subdue
    b. to make void, annul, or set aside
  • Synonyms: suppress, cancel, crush, destroy
  • Antonyms: create, establish, make, rebuild
  • Usage in a sentence: The revolt was swiftly quashed by government troops.

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5. Word: Cognitive (संज्ञानात्मक)

  • Pronunciation: kog-ni-tiv/काग्निटिव
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. connected with thinking or conscious mental processes
    b. relating to or involving the processes of thinking and reasoning
  • Synonyms: mental, cerebral, intellectual, experimental
  • Antonyms: unreasonable, fat-headed
  • Usage in a sentence: Studies show a connection between aerobic exercise and cognitive ability.

6. Word: Articulate (स्पष्ट रूप से कहना)

  • Pronunciation: ahr-tik-yuh-leyt/आर्टिक्यलेट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, verb
  • Meaning:
    a. able to express thoughts and feelings easily and clearly, or showing this quality (Adjective)
    b. to express in words (Verb)
    c. to pronounce (Verb)
    d. to connect two bones by forming a joint (verb)
  • Synonyms: enunciate, pronounce, express, voice
  • Antonyms: mute, inarticulate, coherent
  • Usage in a sentence: She gave a witty, entertaining, and articulate speech.

7. Word: Holistic (पूर्णतावादी)

  • Pronunciation: hoh-lis-tik/होलिस्टिक
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. dealing with or treating the whole of something or someone and not just a part
  • Synonyms: comprehensive, integrated, complete, entire
  • Antonyms: incomplete, partial
  • Usage in a sentence: My doctor takes a holistic approach to disease.

8. Word: Ordinance (अध्यादेश)

  • Pronunciation: awr-dn-uhns/ऑर्डनन्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a law or rule made by a government or authority
  • Synonyms: order, decree, regulation, edict
  • Antonyms: bafflement, personal choice
  • Usage in a sentence: This ordinance is challenged by a landlord who has no plans for conversion.

9. Word: Assert (द्दढ़तापूर्वक करना)

  • Pronunciation: uh-surt/असर्ट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to behave in a way that expresses your confidence, importance, or power and earns you respect from others
    b. to say that something is certainly true
    c. to do something to show that you have power
    d. to maintain or defend
  • Synonyms: Affirm, declare, claim, state, maintain
  • Antonyms: deny, reject, abandon
  • Usage in a sentence: I really must assert myself more in meetings.

10. Word: Cite (उदधृत करना)

  • Pronunciation: sahyt/साइट
  • Part of Speech
  • Meaning:
    a. to mention something as proof for a theory or as a reason why something has happened
    b. to speak or write words taken from a particular writer or written work
    c. to officially name or mention someone or something in a law court
  • Synonyms: quote, name, mention
  • Antonyms: Conceal, hide
  • Usage in a sentence: She cited three reasons why people get into debt.

11. Phrase: Pave the way for (मार्ग प्रशस्त करना)

  • Pronunciation: peyv-th-wey-fawr/पेव द वे फॉर
  • Meaning:
    a. if something paves the way for/to something else, it makes the other thing possible
  • Synonyms: ease, facilitate, grease, smooth
  • Antonyms: dissuade, withhold, refuse, deny
  • Usage in a sentence: Scientists hope that data from the probe will pave the way for a more detailed exploration of Mars.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Decibel
  • Regime
  • Quash
  • Articulate
  • Pave the way

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordAntonym
1Holistic Straighten
2Veer Unreasonable
3Cognitive Partial
4Assert Hide
5Cite Reject

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

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