Fundamental Rights and Preamble UPSC Mains Questions: Check UPSC Mains Constitution Questions

By Kamayani Bahuguna|Updated : January 10th, 2023

Fundamental Rights and Preamble UPSC Mains questions are expected in General Studies Paper 2 as it is a part of the polity syllabus. Several questions on the Preamble, Fundamental Rights, making and the historical background of the Indian Constitution have been asked as Previous Year Questions UPSC Mains. The number and topic of the questions may vary with each passing year. 

Fundamental Rights UPSC Mains Questions are asked almost every year, along with UPSC Mains Questions on the Preamble and Historical Background of the Indian Constitution. Candidates can also download the Fundamental Rights and Preamble UPSC Mains questions PDF for a better understanding of the exam pattern.

Table of Content

Fundamental Rights and Preamble UPSC Mains Questions 

UPSC examination is divided into various phases, out of which the two most important phases are UPSC Prelims and UPSC Mains. The candidates who are able to clear the prelims exam move on to the next phase of the Mains examination. It consists of various sections and questions from a variety of topics.

The UPSC Mains syllabus is a mixture of different subjects and topics based on which the candidates are tested. A few questions are based on the Constitution of India's Fundamental Rights, Preamble, etc., as it forms an integral part of the GS Paper 2 syllabus. Let us look at the difficulty level and how questions from this topic were asked in previous years.

UPSC Mains Questions on Fundamental Rights

Over the years, several questions have been asked in the UPSC Mains regarding the Fundamental Rights topic. Fundamental Rights are an important topic of the Indian Polity section. 

Importance and Meaning of Fundamental Rights

Let us look at the UPSC Mains Questions on Fundamental Rights asked over the years.

  1. Examine the scope of Fundamental Rights in light of the latest judgement of the Supreme Court on the Right to Privacy.
  2. What are the key differences between Fundamental rights (FR) and Directive Principles of State Policies (DPSP)? Discuss the associated cases which show the conflict between fundamental rights (FR) and Directive Principles of State Policies (DPSP).
  3. Do you agree that there is a need for the codification of parliamentary privileges due to its misuse and curtailment of individual fundamental rights? (150 Words)
  4. The Fundamental Rights enshrined in the Indian Constitution have often met with wide and varied criticism. Analyse. (150 Words)
  5. Although the Fundamental Rights of the Indian Constitution and Bill of Rights of the US Constitution are similarly progressive in spirit, they have many differences too.” Comment. (150 Words)
  6.  “Fundamental duties are not made enforceable by a writ of court like the fundamental rights, but they are fundamental to the well being of society and individuals.” Examine. (250 words)
  7. The Directive principles fundamental to the country's governance cannot be isolated from the fundamental rights guaranteed. Examine. (250 words)
  8. Examine the scope of Fundamental Rights in the light of the K.S. Puttaswamy vs Union of India judgement. (250 words).

Are Fundamental Rights Enforceable in Courts?

UPSC Mains Questions on Preamble

The Indian Constitution's Preamble contains 73 words. The Preamble of the Indian Constitution, which is 73 words long, lays out the principles that must underpin Indian democracy. Over the years, very selective questions have been asked in reference to the Preamble. But the UPSC Mains Questions on Preamble asked over the years are straightforward and thought-provoking.

Can the Preamble be Amended?

Let us have a look at UPSC Mains Questions on Preamble:

  1. Discuss each adjective attached to the word ‘Republic’ in the ‘Preamble’. Are they defendable in the present circumstances?
  2. What are the basic values enshrined in the Preamble of our Constitution? How relevant are these values in the present time?
  3. The preamble is the philosophical key to the Constitution. Examine
  4. How far is the preamble useful in interpreting the constitution?
  5. Bring out the philosophy of the Indian polity as enshrined in the preamble of the Indian constitution. Also, discuss various changes made to the preamble since its adoption in Indian Constitution.

Constitution UPSC Mains Questions

Candidates preparing for the UPSC exam need to be well aware of the syllabus & topics completely. By referring to the previous year's Constitution UPSC Mains questions, candidates can ensure they are well prepared for any questions that may appear in the exam. Aspirants preparing for the upcoming UPSC exam must practice the Constitution UPSC mains questions given below. 

  1. ‘Constitutional Morality’ is rooted in the Constitution itself and is founded on its essential facets. Explain the doctrine of ‘Constitutional Morality’ with the help of relevant judicial decisions.
  2. Explain the constitutional provisions under which Legislative Councils are established. Review the working and current status of Legislative Councils with suitable illustrations.
  3. Indian constitution exhibits centralising tendencies to maintain unity and integrity of the nation. Elucidate in the perspective of the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897; The Disaster Management Act, 2005 and the recently passed Farm Acts.
  4. Judicial Legislation is antithetical to the doctrine of separation of powers as envisaged in the Indian Constitution. In this context, justify the filing of a large number of public interest petitions praying for issuing guidelines to executive authorities.
  5. Do you think the Constitution of India does not accept the principle of strict separation of powers? Rather, it is based on the principle of ‘checks and balance’? Explain
  6. What can France learn from the Indian Constitution’s approach to secularism?
  7. Explain the salient features of the constitution.
  8. The Indian Constitution has provisions for holding joint sessions of the two houses of the Parliament. Enumerate the occasions when this would normally happen and also the occasions when it cannot, with reasons thereof.
  9. What was held in the Coelho case? In this context, can you say that judicial review is of key importance amongst the basic features of the Constitution?
  10. Does the right to clean the environment entail legal regulations on burning crackers during Diwali? Discuss in the light of Article 21 of the Indian Constitution and Judgement(s) of the Apex Court in this regard.
  11. Though the federal principle is dominant in our Constitution and that principle is one of its basic features, it is equally true that federalism under the Indian Constitution leans in favour of a strong Centre, a feature that militates against the concept of strong federalism.

UPSC Mains Questions on FR, Preamble and Constitution: Preparation Tips

To master the Fundamental Rights, Preamble and Constitution UPSC Mains questions, all the aspirants should be fully aware of all the important topics that might be asked. Referring to the previous years questions for UPSC Mains will help the candidates get familiar with the UPSC exam pattern and develop a fair idea of how to prepare.

Here are a few simple tips that can be followed while preparing for the UPSC exam.

  • Get ahold of the exam pattern and the UPSC syllabus.
  • Segregate the topics based on their difficulty level and importance
  • Make a proper timetable that can cater to your needs as per the exam syllabus
  • Set practical goals
  • Form a proper preparation schedule that suits your routine and requirements
  • Don’t forget to revise your syllabus before a few days are left before the IAS exam.

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FAQS on Fundamental Rights and Preamble UPSC Mains Questions

  • Candidates can easily find all the UPSC Mains Questions on Fundamental Rights in the article above. Also, aspirants can download and save the Fundamental Rights and Preamble UPSC Mains Questions PDF and use it conveniently.

  • To prepare for the Fundamental Rights, candidates should go through all the UPSC Mains Questions on Fundamental Rights from previous years.

    • Referring to the questions will give better clarity and understanding of the topic.
    • Scan all the questions and figure out the difficulty level
    • Look at the Constitution PYQ for UPSC Mains and understand the changing trend.
  • The Fundamental Rights is a crucial part of the UPSC syllabus. Recently the Fundamental Rights questions asked in the UPSC Mains GS-2 paper are in the range of 2-5. Candidates need to be fully prepared for any unexpected change.

  • Every year, a good level of Constitution UPSC Mains questions is asked in the exam. Let's see what kind of questions were asked in the previous years.

    • 2022: The questions asked in UPSC Mains 2022 from the Constitution section were of a good level covering various topics such as Right of movement and residence in India, the role of the Vice-President of India as Rajya Sabha Chairman, etc.
    • 2021: 3 questions were asked based on Constitutional Morality, features of the Right to Equality in the Indian & USA constitutions that were of moderate level.
    • 2020: 3 good-level questions were asked in the UPSC Mains GS-2 paper of 2020 on the topics such as judicial legislation and doctrine of separation, etc.
  • NCERT can be a good resource for the General Studies section, covering most of the topics including the Indian Constitution and Preamble. It can cover most topics with ease. But to make sure that they are able to ace this exam, candidates need to take the help of various resources including NCERT.

  • Some of the Fundamental Rights questions asked in the UPSC exam are as follows:

    • Examine the scope of Fundamental Rights in light of the latest judgement of the Supreme Court on the Right to Privacy.
    • Does the right to a clean environment entail legal regulations on burning crackers during Diwali?
    • Discuss in the light of Article 21 of the Indian Constitution and Judgement(s) of the Apex Court in this regard.
  • Some of the sample UPSC Mains questions, similar to what has been asked in previous examinations are:

    • Discuss each adjective attached to the word 'Republic' in the preamble. Are they defendable in the present circumstances stances? 
    • The preamble is the philosophical key to the Constitution. Examine this statement. 
  • The historical background of the Indian Constitution is an important topic for UPSC Mains. Many questions based on the various Constitutional Acts have been asked in previous examinations. Candidates can expect questions roughly in the range of 1-3 every year.

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