GS-II: Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions, and basic structure.
GS-II: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
GS-II: India and its neighborhood- relations.
GS-II: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States
GS-II: Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
GS-II: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests
GS-II: Issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure
GS-II: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes;
GS-II: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora.
GS-II: Devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
GS-II: Mechanisms, laws, institutions, and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections
GS-II: Important International institutions, agencies, and fora, their structure, mandate.
GS-II: Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
GS-II: Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
GS-II: Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
GS-II: Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.
GS-II: Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges, and issues arising out of these.
GS-II: Important aspects of governance, transparency, and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential;
GS-II: Structure, organization, and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government;
GS-II: Citizens charters, transparency & accountability, and institutional and other measures.
GS-II: Pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
GS-II: Role of civil services in a democracy.
GS-II: Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.
GS-II: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions, and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
GS-II: Statutory, regulatory, and various quasi-judicial bodies