Daily Current Affairs for UPSC IAS Preparation 29. 11. 2017

By Priyanka Chaturvedi|Updated : November 29th, 2017

North Korea test fires another missile

  • North Korea test fired an intercontinental ballistic missile sparking strong reactions from United Nations.
  • This is the first such launch in two months which comes after the US slapped fresh sanctions and declared North Korea a state sponsor of terrorism.
  • The missile flew about 1,000 km before splashing down in the Sea of Japan.
  • The UN Security Council will hold an emergency meeting to discuss the latest launch and calls from the United States for more sanctions to be imposed on North Korea.

Sea of Japan

  • The Sea of Japan is a marginal sea between the Japanese archipelago, Sakhalin, the Korean Peninsula and Russia.
  • The Japanese archipelago separates the sea from the Pacific Ocean.
  • It is bordered by Japan, Korea (North and South) and Russia.

Ballistic missile

  • A ballistic missile is a missile that follows a ballistic trajectory with the objective of delivering one or more warheads to a predetermined target.
  • An intercontinental ballistic missile trajectory consists of three parts-
    (a) The powered flight portion
    (b) The free-flight portion- constitutes most of the flight time
    (c) The re-entry phase- where the missile re-enters the Earth's atmosphere.
  • Ballistic missiles can be launched from fixed sites or mobile launchers, including vehicles (e.g., transporter erector launchers (TELs)), aircraft, ships, and submarines.

Cruise Missile

  • A cruise missile is a guided missile used against terrestrial targets that remains in the atmosphere and flies the major portion of its flight path at approximately constant speed.
  • Cruise missiles are designed to deliver a large warhead over long distances with high precision.
  • Cruise missiles can also be launched from air and fly within Earth’s atmosphere

Topic- GS-3- International Relations

GS-3- Defence

Source- Rajya Sabha + Wiki

Government appoints Shri B.N. Sharma as Chairman of the National Anti-profiteering Authority under GST

  • The Government appointed senior IAS officer Shri B.N. Sharma, as the first Chairman of National Anti-Profiteering Authority under GST.
  • Shri B.N. Sharma would be assisted by four senior officials of the rank of Joint Secretary and above, who have been appointed as Technical Members in the Authority.
  • The Authority has been set up for a two-year period.
  • The Authority is mandated to ensure that the benefits of input credit and the reduction in GST rates on specified goods or services are passed on to the consumers by way of a commensurate reduction in prices.

GST (Goods and Services Tax)

  • The GST (Goods and Services Tax) is a unified indirect tax across the country on goods and services.
    Before GST- tax is levied at each stage separately by the Central government and the State government at varying rates.
    After GST- single tax levied on the supply of goods and services, right from the manufacturer to the end consumer.
  • GST replaced almost all the indirect taxes which are-
    At central level-
    (a) Central Excise Duty
    (b) Service Tax
    (c) Additional Customs Duty (Countervailing Duty)
    (d) Special Additional Duty of Customs (SAD) etc
    At State level-
    (a) VAT/Sales tax
    (b) Entertainment tax
    (c) Luxury Tax
    (d) Taxes on lottery, betting and gambling etc
  • The Constitution (122 Amend.) Bill, 2014 seeks to amend the Constitution to introduce the Goods and Services tax (GST).
  • The GST Constitutional (122nd Amend.) Bill, 2014 became the GST Constitutional (101st Amendment) Act’ 2016 when the president assented the provisions of bill on 8th Sept 2016.
  • Due to Introduction GST act, following major changes took place in Indian constitution-
    (a) Changes in 6th and 7th schedules of the constitution
    (b) Introduction of Articles 246A and 269A.

Topic- GS-3- Indian Economy

Source- PIB

48th International Film Festival of India concludes in Goa

  • The 48th International Film Festival of India (IFFI) ended at Panaji in Goa.
  • Amitabh Bachchan was honoured with the Indian film personality of 2017 award.
  • Canadian filmmaker Atom Egoyan was honoured with the lifetime achievement award.
  • The best film award was given to French movie 120 Beats Per Minute directed by Robin Campullo.
  • The best director award was presented to Chinese director Vivian Qu for Angels Wear White.
  • Malayalam film Take-off bagged the special jury award, while lead actor in the film Parvathy was given the Best Actor (Female) award.
  • Nahuel Perez Biscayart received the Best Actor (Male) award for his performance in 120 Beats Per Minute.
  • The Best Debut Feature Film Director award was given to Kiro Russo for Spanish film Dark Skull.
  • The ICFT-UNESCO Gandhi Medal was given to Marathi movie Kshitij-A Horizon directed by Manouj Kadamh.


Source- AIR

TRAI releases recommendations on Net Neutrality

  • Telecom regulator TRAI proposed restrictions on service providers from entering into agreements which lead to discriminatory treatment of content on the Internet.
  • Issuing the recommendations on Net neutrality, TRAI has also suggested a multi-stakeholder body for monitoring and investigation of violations.
  • The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) has also favoured tweaking of licencing norms of players to ensure that "explicit restrictions" on discrimination in Internet access based on content.
  • In February last year, TRAI addressed a part of Net neutrality which was under its jurisdiction.
  • It barred platforms like Facebook's Internet.Org and Airtel Zero which allowed free access to select websites to check 'gate-keeping' in cyber space.

Net Neutrality

  • Net neutrality is the principle that Internet service providers must treat all data on the Internet the same, and not discriminate or charge differently by user, content, website, platform, application, type of attached equipment, or method of communication.

Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)

  • The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) is the regulator of the telecommunications sector in India.
  • Telecom Regulatory authority of India was established on 20 February 1997 by an Act of Parliament to regulate telecom services and tariffs in India.
  • TRAI regularly issues orders and directions on various subjects such as tariffs, interconnections, quality of service, Direct to Home (DTH) services and mobile number portability.


Source- DD News

SAUBHAGYA Scheme launched in Manipur

  • The Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana (SAUBHAGYA) was launched in Manipur.

'Power for all' (SAUBHAGYA) scheme

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched 'Power for all' scheme to mark the birth anniversary of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya on September 25, 2017.
  • The scheme will be named ‘Saubhagya’ and will provide subsidy on equipment like transformers, meters and wires.
  • Saubhagya is a scheme launched to achieve universal household electrification in all parts of the Country at a cost of Rs. 16,320 crores including Gross Budgetary Support (GBS) of Rs. 12,320 crores from Government of India.
  • Rural Electrification Corporation Limited (REC) has been appointed as the nodal agency for coordinating the implementation of the scheme.
  • The prospective beneficiary households for free electricity connections under the scheme will be identified using Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC), 2011 data.

Topic- GS-3- Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

GS-2- Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States

Source- PIB


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