[Updated List] Largest and Smallest States of India 2021 By Total Area, Population

By Trupti Thool|Updated : August 1st, 2021

Largest and Smallest States of India 2021: India currently has 28 states and 8 union territories. It is the seventh-largest nation in the world in terms of size (3.287 million km2) and the world's second-most populated country after China. India has 17.5 percent of the world's population and occupies 2.4 percent of the world's land area. New Delhi is India's capital. This article focuses on India's smallest and largest states / UTs in terms of land and population.

Highlights:

Parameters to Categorize States

There are two parameters to categorize the Indian States 

  • The area under the state
  • The population of the State

List of the Largest States of India in Terms of Area as per the Census 2011

S. No.State NameArea (km²)
1Rajasthan342,239
2Madhya Pradesh308,245
3Maharashtra307,713
4Uttar Pradesh240,928
5Gujarat196,024
6Karnataka191,791
7Andhra Pradesh162,968
8Odisha155,707
9Chhattisgarh135,191
10Tamil Nadu130,058
11Telangana112,077
12Bihar94,163
13West Bengal88,752
14Arunachal Pradesh83,743
15Jharkhand79,714
16Assam78,438
17Himachal Pradesh55,673
18Uttarakhand53,483
19Punjab50,362
20Haryana44,212
21Kerala38,863
22Meghalaya22,429
23Manipur22,327
24Mizoram21,081
25Nagaland16,579
26Tripura10,486
27Sikkim7,096
28Goa3,702

List of the Largest Union Territories of India in Terms of Area

S. No.Union TerritoriesArea (in Km2)
1.Ladakh59,146
2.Jammu and Kashmir42,241
3.Andaman and Nicobar Islands8,249
4.National Capital Territory of Delhi1,483
5.Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu603
6.Puducherry479
7.Chandigarh114
8.Lakshadweep32

 List of the Largest States of India in Terms of Population As per the Census 2011

S. No.State NamePopulation
1Uttar Pradesh199,812,341
2Maharashtra112,374,333
3Bihar104,099,452
4West Bengal91,276,115
5Andhra Pradesh84,580,777
6Madhya Pradesh72,626,809
7Tamil Nadu72,147,030
8Rajasthan68,548,437
9Karnataka61,095,297
10Gujarat60,439,692
11Orissa41,974,218
12Telangana35,003,674
13Kerala33,406,061
14Jharkhand32,988,134
15Assam31,205,576
16Punjab27,743,338
17Chhattisgarh25,545,198
18Haryana25,351,462
19Uttarakhand10,086,292
20Himachal Pradesh6,864,602
21Tripura3,673,917
22Meghalaya2,966,889
23Manipur2,855,794
24Nagaland1,978,502
25Goa1,458,545
26Arunachal Pradesh1,383,727
27Mizoram1,097,206
28Sikkim610,577

List of the Largest Union Territories of India in Terms of Population

S. No.Union TerritoriesPopulation (in)
1.National Capital Territory of Delhi16,787,941
2.Jammu and Kashmir12,267,032
3.Puducherry1,247,953
4.Chandigarh1,055,450
5.Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu585,764
6.Andaman and Nicobar Islands380,581
7.Ladakh274,000
8.Lakshadweep64,473

Important General Knowledge Facts about the Indian States

  • Most densely populated state - Bihar
  • The least densely populated state - Arunachal Pradesh
  • The first state to be formed on a linguistic basis - Andhra Pradesh
  • Most literate state - Kerala
  • Least literate state - Bihar
  • The state with the longest coastline - Gujarat
  • The state having boundaries with seven states and two countries - Assam
  • The state is surrounded on three sides by Bangladesh - Tripura
  • The state is surrounded by three countries and one state - Sikkim
  • The number of states which have a coastline - Nine
  • The number of Union Territories which have a coastline - Four
  • The states which have neither an international boundary nor a coastline - M.P., Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Haryana, Telangana 

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Trupti ThoolTrupti ThoolMember since Jul 2021
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