Forests and natural Flora in Uttar Pradesh
- The temperate, tropical, deciduous and thorny forests are found in the state.
- In Uttar Pradesh first forest policy was declared in the year 1952 and second forest policy in the year 1998.
- Forest Corporation was established in Uttar Pradesh on November 25, 1974.
- Total Forest area in is 14,461 sq km, which is 6.00% of the total area of Uttar Pradesh, in which 2195 sq km is dense forests (0.91%), 4060 sq km is medium density forest (1.69%), and 8206 sq km is open Forest (3.41%).
- Plantation area in the state is 7044 sq km, which is 2.92% of the total area of Uttar Pradesh.
- Area of shrubs in Uttar Pradesh is 803 sq. Km, which is 0.33% of the total area of Uttar Pradesh.
- Forest area between 2013 (13th report) and 2015 increased by 112 sq km
- 5 districts having the highest forest area (in descending order): Sonbhadra, Khiri, Mirzapur, Pilibhit, Chitrakoot
- 5 districts having the lowest forest area (increasing order): Bhadohi, Sant Kabir Nagar, Mau, Mainpuri, Varanasi·
- 5 districts having the highest forest percentage (in descending order): Sonbhadra, Chandauli, Mirzapur, Pilibhit, Chitrakoot.
- 5 districts having the lowest one percent (in ascending order): Bhadohi, Mainpuri, Sant Kabir Nagar, Deoria, Mau
Important schemes related to forests
- Social Forestry Scheme was started in 1976.
- U.P. Forestry project was started in March 1998.
- Operation Green Yojana started in 2001
- The supreme organization of the conservation of wildlife in the country is Indian wildlife board; the Prime Minister is the chairperson of this board.· Zoo in Uttar Pradesh is in Lucknow and Kanpur.
- India's first-night Wildlife Park (Night Safari Park) is in Greater Noida.
- National Lion Safari Park is in Etawah.
- National Elephant Safari Park is also located in Etawah.
- Rescue and rehabilitation centre of elephants is in Etawah.
- Rescue and rehabilitation centre of bears is located at Mathura.
- The country's largest alligator sanctuary is in the Chambal river area.
- Peacock protection centre is proposed for Vrindavan.
- National Park of Uttar Pradesh is in Dudhwa, which was declared in 1977.
- The first tiger reserve of the state is Dudhwa, which was declared in 1987.
- Second Tiger Reserve is in Pilibhit-Shahjahanpur districts, which was declared on June 2014.
- The state declared its eco-tourism policy in 2014.
- There is total 11 wildlife sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh.
- There is total 13 bird sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh.
- The first wildlife sanctuary of the state is Chandraprabha Wildlife sanctuary which was established at Chandauli in 1957.
- Uttar Pradesh's largest wildlife sanctuary is Hastinapur Wildlife sanctuary, which has an area of 2,073 sq km.
- Uttar Pradesh's smallest wildlife sanctuary is Mahavir Swami Wildlife sanctuary, which has an area of 5.40 sq km and is located in Lalitpur.
- Uttar Pradesh's first bird sanctuary of the state is located at Nawabganj which was established in 1984.
- Uttar Pradesh's largest bird sanctuary is Lakh Bahashi (लाख बहाशी) located at Kannauj.
- Uttar Pradesh's smallest bird sanctuary is Patna bird sanctuary which is located at Eta.
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