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1. Gautama Buddha
The founder of Buddhism, Gautama Buddha, was born in Lumbini, 563 BC, in the house of King Shroudhan of Ikshvaku Kshatriya Shakyakul.
His mother's name was Mahamaya which was from the Koli dynasty
His wife's name was Yashodhara and the son's name was Rahul.
After the harsh practice of the years, he got knowledge under Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya (Bihar), he gave his first sermon in Sarnath, which is called the Dramaprabartak Chakra
In 483 BC at 80 years of age died (Mahaparinirvana) in Kushinagar Uttar Pradesh.
Banabhatta was a writer and poet of Sanskrit prose of the seventh century.
He was the poet during the King Harshvardhan's reign (606 BC to 646 BC).
His two major works are Harshacharitam and Kadambari.
3. Ziauddin Barani
Ziauddin Barani was a historian and political thinker who lived in India during the time of Muhammad bin Tughlaq and Feroz Shah Tughlaq.
'Tarike Phorozshahi' is his famous historical work. Ziauddin Barani was born in the Syed family in 1285 AD.
Ziauddin was a resident of Baran (modern Bulandshahr), so he used to add Barni in his name. He died in 1357 AD.
4. Amir Khusro His real name was - Abul Hassan Yemenuddin Muhammad.
Amir Khusro was born in the Patiali village (Kasganj) in Uttar Pradesh's Etah district in 1253. He was a Persian poet and used writing in Hindavi.
He used to call himself parrot-e-Hind. He is credited with the invention of the Khadi Boli.
5. Abul Fazal
He was born on 14 January 1551 in Agra.
Abul Fazl was the second son of Sheikh Mubarak Nagori.
His two compositions are Akbarnama and Nayne Akbari.
In 1602, Bundela king Veerasinghadeo killed Abul Fazl by provoking Prince Salim.
Birbal was one of the Navaratnas in the court of Mughal emperor Akbar.
Birbal's satirical stories and poetry compositions made him famous.
Birbal was born in 1528 AD in the city of Kanpur, in 'Trikikampur', ie, in Tikwapur.
Birbal had adopted Din-i-Elahi religion. He died in 1586 AD.
7. Sir Syed Amad Khan
Syed Ahmed Khan was born on October 17, 1817 in Sadat (Syed), Delhi.
He was a teachers, lawmakers, and writers and was the founder of the Anglo-Mohammedan Oriental College, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh.
Sir Syed Ahmed was a reformer and a visionary, who made effort throughout his life for education among Muslims
8. Rani Lakshmi Bai
Rani Lakshmibai was a freedom fighter in the first Indian freedom struggle of 1857.
She was born on 19 November 1835 in Bhadaini town of Varanasi. Rani Laxmibai's childhood name was Manikarnika, people used to call her as Manu.
Manu's mother's name was Bhagirathibhai and father's name was Moropant Tambe. She was married to Maharaj Gangadhar of Jhansi.
Opposing Dalhousie’s doctrine of lapse she died fighting the British in Gwalior on June 18, 1858
9. Nana Saheb
Nana Saheb was one of the architects of the first struggle for Indian independence of 1857. His original name was 'Dhondumpant'.
In the freedom struggle, Nana Saheb led the rebels against the British in Kanpur.
Nana Sahib was born in 1824 in the house of Madhavarnayana Rao, a resident of Venugram.
His father was a brother of Peshwa Bajirao II.
10. Tatya Tope
Tatya Tope was born in 1814 AD in the village of Yeola in Patauda district near Nashik.
His father's name Pandurang Triambak Bhatt and mother's name was Rukmini Bai.
He was the commander of the army of Nana Saheb.
11. Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya
Mahamna Madan Mohan Malaviya was born on 25 December 1861 in a Brahmin family of Allahabad. His father's name was Brajnath Malaviya and mother's name was Munadevi.
Malviya Ji founded Banaras Hindu University in the year 1915.
He was elected Congress president in the year 1909, 1918, 1930 and 1932.
He died at the age of 85 years of age on 12 November 1946.
The Government of India honored him with Bharat Ratna on December 24, 2014.
12. Motilal Nehru
Motilal Nehru was born on May 6, 1861, in Agra. He was the father of first Prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru.
He chaired the Congress session of 1919 in Amritsar and Calcutta in 1928.
In 1923, he along with CR Das set up Swaraj Party.
He was president of the Indian Constitution Commission established by Congress in 1928. This commission presented the Nehru Report.
Motilal Nehru passed away in Allahabad in 1931.
13. Ramprasad Bismil
Ram Prasad Bismil was born on June 11, 1897, in Shahjahanpur district of Uttar Pradesh. His father's name was Murlidhar and his mother's name was Basmati.
Ram Prasad Bismil was a freedom fighter, poet, translator, historian and literary writer.
Sarfrosi ki tamanna is his composition. He was involved in kakori train robbery. And was hanged by the British government on December 19, 1927 in Gorakhpur Jail.
14. Mangal Pandey
Mangal Pandey was born on 30th January in Nagwa village of Ballia district.
He was a platoon soldier in "34th Bengal Native Infantry" stationed at Military Cantonment of Barrackpur near Kolkata.
He refused to use greased cartridges and mutinied and killed his adjutant and was hanged On 8 April 1857
15. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14th November 1889 in Allahabad.
In 1947, he became the first Prime Minister of independent India.
His sister Vijayalakshmi Pandit later became the first woman president of United Nations General Assembly.
In 1916 He got married to Kamala Nehru, and in 1923, he was made General Secretary of Indian National Congress.
Jawaharlal Nehru died on May 27, 1964 due to a heart attack.
16. Lal Bahadur Shastri
Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on 2 October 1904 in Mughalsarai (Uttar Pradesh).
After the death of Jawaharlal Nehru, he was made the Prime Minister of India on June 9, 1964. He died in Tashkent.
He was awarded Bharat Ratna in 1966. He gave "Jai Jawan Jai Kisan" slogan.
17. Kabir Das
Saint Kabirdas was a famous poet of Hindi literature, He though his poems, Dohe criticized many ill practices prevalent in the society.
He was born in 1425 AD in Varanasi
He was raised by Neelu-Neema
His main composition are Sakhi, Sabad, Ramani
He is considered one of the best poets of Hindi language He was born in 1552 in Rajapur, Uttar Pradesh.
His master's name was Narharidas.
His main works include Ramcharitmanas, Vinayastika, Dahavali, Kavitavali, Hanuman Chalisa, Vairagya Sandeepani, Janaki Mangal, Parvati Mangal etc. He died in 1680.
Surdas was poet of Hindi literature, was born in 1478 AD. He is said to be blind by birth.
His main compositions are Saurasagar, Surasaravali, Sahitya Lahari His master's name was Balbhacharya He died in 1583.
20. Ustad Bismillah Khan
Bismillah Khan was born on March 21, 1916 in Dumraon, Bihar.
Famous Shehnai maestro honored with 'Bharat Ratna' (2001)
Bismillah Khan was honored with the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1956.
He was also honored with the Tansen Award by the Government in Madhya Pradesh.
He died on August 21, 2006.
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