UP State Study Notes: Forest and Wildlife of UP

By Ashutosh Yadav|Updated : September 14th, 2021

Hello Candidates,

In this article, You will find the notes for Forest and Wildlife of Uttar Pradesh. Questions have been repeatedly asked from the this topic in the previous year prelims as well as mains exam of UPPSC.

 

Forest and Wildlife

Forests and natural Flora in Uttar Pradesh

  • The temperate, tropical, deciduous and thorny forests are found in the state.
  • In Uttar Pradesh first forest policy was declared in the year 1952 and second forest policy in the year 1998.
  • Forest Corporation was established in Uttar Pradesh on November 25, 1974.
  • Total Forest area in is 14,461 sq km, which is 6.00% of the total area of Uttar Pradesh, in which 2195 sq km is dense forests (0.91%), 4060 sq km is medium density forest (1.69%), and 8206 sq km is open Forest (3.41%).
  • Plantation area in the state is 7044 sq km, which is 2.92% of the total area of Uttar Pradesh.
  • Area of shrubs in Uttar Pradesh is 803 sq. Km, which is 0.33% of the total area of Uttar Pradesh.
  • Forest area between 2013 (13th report) and 2015 increased by 112 sq km
  • 5 districts having the highest forest area (in descending order): Sonbhadra, Khiri, Mirzapur, Pilibhit, Chitrakoot
  • 5 districts having the lowest forest area (increasing order): Bhadohi, Sant Kabir Nagar, Mau, Mainpuri, Varanasi·
  • 5 districts having the highest forest percentage (in descending order): Sonbhadra, Chandauli, Mirzapur, Pilibhit, Chitrakoot.
  • 5 districts having the lowest one percent (in ascending order): Bhadohi, Mainpuri, Sant Kabir Nagar, Deoria, Mau

Important schemes related to forests

  • Social Forestry Scheme was started in 1976.
  • U.P. Forestry project was started on March 1998.
  • Operation Green Yojana started in 2001

Wildlife Conservation

  • The supreme organization of the conservation of wildlife in the country is Indian wildlife board; the Prime Minister is the chairperson of this board.
  • Zoo in Uttar Pradesh is in Lucknow and Kanpur.
  • India's first-night Wildlife Park (Night Safari Park) is in Greater Noida.
  • National Lion Safari Park is in Etawah.
  • National Elephant Safari Park is also located in Etawah.
  • Rescue and rehabilitation center of elephants is in Etawah.
  • Rescue and rehabilitation center of bears is located at Mathura.
  • The country's largest alligator sanctuary is in the Chambal river area.
  • Peacock protection center is proposed for Vrindavan.
  • National Park of Uttar Pradesh is in Dudhwa, which was declared in 1977.
  • The first tiger reserve of the state is Dudhwa, which was declared in 1987.
  • Second Tiger Reserve is in Pilibhit-Shahjahanpur districts, which was declared on June 2014.
  • State declared its eco-tourism policy in 2014.
  • There are total 11 wildlife sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh.
  • There are total 13 bird sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh.
  • The first wildlife sanctuary of the state is Chandraprabha Wildlife sanctuary which was established at Chandauli in 1957.
  • Uttar Pradesh's largest wildlife sanctuary is Hastinapur Wildlife sanctuary, which has an area of 2,073 sq km.
  • Uttar Pradesh's smallest wildlife sanctuary is Mahavir Swami Wildlife sanctuary, which has an area of 5.40 sq km and is located in Lalitpur.·         Uttar Pradesh's first bird sanctuary of the state is located at Nawabganj. Which was established in 1984.
  • Uttar Pradesh's largest bird sanctuary is  Lakh Bahashi (लाख बहाशी) located at Kannauj.
    Uttar Pradesh's smallest bird sanctuary is Patna bird sanctuary which is located at Eta 

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Ashutosh YadavAshutosh YadavMember since Aug 2020
PCS [email protected]|UPPCS Mains, MP Mains,CGL Clear, LowerPCS Pre Clear, IB ACIO II Pre
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Comments

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Rubi Kanaujiya
Secend forest policy was declared in the year 1988
Pritee Pandey
मुझे please koe बताए ki uppcs ki new batch kabse start hogi हिंदी मीडियम से
...Read More
Navambh Tripathi
'Lakh Bahoshi' not lakh bahashi

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UP State Exams

UP StatePCSVDOLower PCSPoliceLekhpalBEOUPSSSC PETForest GuardRO AROJudicial ServicesAllahabad HC RO ARO RecruitmentOther Exams
tags :UP State ExamsUP GKUPPSC Lecturer ExamUP Chakbandi Adhikari ExamUP NHM ExamUP APO ExamUP Home Guard Exam

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