Art and Culture Notes of Uttar Pradesh
- Bharatmuni's Natyashashtra’ composed in the ancient period is the 'Bible of the musicians’ of North India.
- Mahaprabhu Vallabhacharya established a पुष्टि संप्रदाय in Mathura-Vrindavan.
- Vitthal Nath established Krishnaleela Gaan Panth (कृष्णलीला गान संप्रदाय)
- In Ashtachhap poets were - Surdas, Nand Das, Parmanand das, Kumbhnandas, Chaturbuja das, Chhit Swami, Govind Swami, and Krishnadas.
- Swami Haridas, the propagator of the Sakhi Panth, composed 'Shrikalimal' and 'Ashtashash'.
- Swami Haridas had trained Tansen on Deepak Raag, Baiju Bawra on Megh Raag, and Gopal Nayak on Maalakauns Raag.
- Amir Khusro had mixed famous Iranian music raags in Indian Raag.
- Modu Khan and Bakshur Khan propagated the Lucknow Gharana of Tabla.
- Modu Khan's disciple Pt. Ramsay propagated the Banaras VaJ Gharana.
- The Agra Gharana is also called the Kawwal Bachcha Gharana.
- Singer Ustad Fayaz Khan belongs to Agra Gharana.
- Akbar's court singer Sujhan Khan is said to be the originator of the Agra Gharana.
- Bahram Khan of Saharanpur Gharana was given the title of Pandit.
- Sitara Devi and Alkhananda Devi of Varanasi received fame in the field of Kathak dance.
- Following are the famous Uttar Pradesh players of respective instruments Violin playing: Mrs. N. Rajam; Shehnai Vadan: Ustad Bismillah Khan; Sitar Vadan: Pt-Ravi Shankar, Rajbhan Singh, Ustad Mushtaq Ali Khan and in Dance: Uday Shankar and Gopi Krishna.
- Kathak's style of dance originated in Uttar Pradesh.
- Bindaddin, Shambhu Maharaj, Lachhu Maharaj, and Birju Maharaj were famous practitioners of Kathak.
- 'Charakula' is a pitcher dance which is the folk dance of Brajbhoomi.
- 'Pai Danda' dance is performed by Aheers of Bundelkhand.
- 'Rai Nritya' is a peacock dance of the women of Bundelkhand. It is performed on the occasion of Shrikrishna Janmashtami.
- 'Shara Dance' is famous in the districts of Hamirpur, Jhansi, and Lalitpur in the Bundelkhand region. This dance is done by the young boys and girls of the farming community in the rainy season. In this dance, worship, and blessings of Vedic deity Indra is sought for the successful harvesting of the crop
- Deepawali dance' is done by Bundelkhandi Aheers, on the occasion of Deepawali, with lightened lamps held on the head.
- 'Kartik song dance' is prevalent in the Bundelkhand region of the state. Kartik song is a description of the relationship between Krishna and Gopis.
- 'Dhobiya Raga' is performed by the Dhobi castes of the state.
- The dance performed on the occasion of auspicious events by kahar is called 'Natwari Nritya'.
- 'Chaurasia Dance' is a dance performed by Kahars in the Jaunpur district of Uttar Pradesh.
- Karma dance is a dance jointly organised by women and men of Coal tribes in Mirzapur and Sonbhadra districts of Uttar Pradesh.
- The most popular folk drama dance in Uttar Pradesh is Nautanki.
- Ramleela Nautanki is organised in September / October during Navratri. Ramleela is following incidents portrayal of the life of Lord Rama.
- Biraha, Chaitya, Bhola, Kajree, Rasia, Allah, Puran Bhagat and Bhartrihari are the main folk songs of Uttar Pradesh.
- Ragini, Dhola, Swang are the main folk songs of western Uttar Pradesh.
- Lavani, Baharatbile is the main folk song in the Rubelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh.
Important Fairs & Festivals
- Taj Mahotsav is organized in Agra.
- ''Salahakul Utsav ', a symbol of Hindu-Muslim unity, is organized in Agra.
- In Uttar Pradesh, on the occasion of the Holi festival, 'Lattathmar Holi' is organised in the Barasana.
- In Uttar Pradesh, the world's largest fair (Kumbh Mela) is organised in Allahabad.
- 'Kumbh Mela ' is organised every 12 years, and Ardha Kumbh Mela is hosted in the intervals of every six years.
- Dadri's Animal Fair is organized on Kartik Purnima, in Ballia.
- Magh Mela is organised every year in Allahabad.
- Haridas Jayanti Festival and Dhrupad Mela are held annually in Bhadrapad Shukla paksha in Mathura, in which the best musicians participate.
- The most spoken regional language/Boli in Uttar Pradesh is Bhojpuri.
- Khadi language/Boli is spoken in areas like East Delhi, Meerut, Bagpat, Mujjafar Nagar, Ghaziabad, Gautam Buddha Nagar etc.
- Awadhi language/Boli is spoken in areas like Faizabad, Gonda, Shravasti, Lucknow, Amethi, Allahabad etc. Mathura, Aligarh, Agra, Firozabad, Bareilly etc. are the area of Braj language/Boli.
- Kannauji language/Boli is spoken in Kannauj, Etawah, Auraya, Kanpur etc. Kannauj language and Braj languages share many similarities.
- Bundeli Langauge/ Boli is spoken in Jhansi, Lalitpur, Hamirpur, Chitrakoot etc.
- Bagheli is the least spoken language/ Boli in Uttar Pradesh.
|Serial No.||Book Name||Author Name|
|1.||UPTET/CTET Paper II Social Science For Class VI-VIII Solved Papers With Explanation|
Youth Competition Times
UPTET Exam Goalpost Paper-II, Social Studies/Social Science, Solved Papers and Practice Test (Hindi)
Sahi Prep hai toh Life Set hai!