Art and Culture of Uttar Pradesh, Study Notes, Material - UPTET Paper 2

By Neha Joshi|Updated : July 27th, 2021

In this article, we should read related to the Art & Culture of Uttar Pradesh, Important for the UPTET 2021.

  • The Culture of Uttar Pradesh is an Indian Culture that has its roots in Hindi and Urdu literature, music, fine arts, drama, and cinema.
  • Lucknow is the capital of Uttar Pradesh.
  • Uttar Pradesh has several beautiful historical monuments such as Bara Imambara and Chhota Imambara.
  • The city of Agra gives access to three World Heritage Sites:
  • Taj Mahal-  Taj Mahal is a mausoleum built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It is cited as "the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage"
  • Agra Fort- Agra Fort is about 2.5 km northwest of its much more famous sister monument, the Taj Mahal. The fort can be more accurately described as a walled palatial city.
  • Fatehpur Sikri- the world-famous 16th-century capital city near Agra, built by the Mughal emperor Akbar the Great, whose mausoleum in Agra is also worth a visit.

Art and Culture Notes of Uttar Pradesh

Classical singing/playing

  • Bharatmuni's Natyashashtra’ composed in the ancient period is the 'Bible of the musicians’ of North India.
  • Mahaprabhu Vallabhacharya established a पुष्टि संप्रदाय in Mathura-Vrindavan.
  • Vitthal Nath established Krishnaleela Gaan Panth (कृष्णलीला गान संप्रदाय)
  • In Ashtachhap poets were - Surdas, Nand Das, Parmanand das, Kumbhnandas, Chaturbuja das, Chhit Swami, Govind Swami, and Krishnadas.
  • Swami Haridas, the propagator of the Sakhi Panth, composed 'Shrikalimal' and 'Ashtashash'.
  • Swami Haridas had trained Tansen on Deepak Raag, Baiju Bawra on Megh Raag, and Gopal Nayak on Maalakauns Raag.
  • Amir Khusro had mixed famous Iranian music raags in Indian Raag.
  • Modu Khan and Bakshur Khan propagated the Lucknow Gharana of Tabla.
  • Modu Khan's disciple Pt. Ramsay propagated the Banaras VaJ Gharana.
  • The Agra Gharana is also called the Kawwal Bachcha Gharana.
  • Singer Ustad Fayaz Khan belongs to Agra Gharana.
  • Akbar's court singer Sujhan Khan is said to be the originator of the Agra Gharana.
  • Bahram Khan of Saharanpur Gharana was given the title of Pandit.

Classical dance

  • Sitara Devi and Alkhananda Devi of Varanasi received fame in the field of Kathak dance.
  • Following are the famous Uttar Pradesh players of respective instruments Violin playing: Mrs. N. Rajam; Shehnai Vadan: Ustad Bismillah Khan; Sitar Vadan: Pt-Ravi Shankar, Rajbhan Singh, Ustad Mushtaq Ali Khan and in Dance: Uday Shankar and Gopi Krishna.
  • Kathak's style of dance originated in Uttar Pradesh.
  • Bindaddin, Shambhu Maharaj, Lachhu Maharaj, and Birju Maharaj were famous practitioners of Kathak.

Folk dance

  • 'Charakula' is a pitcher dance which is the folk dance of Brajbhoomi.
  • 'Pai Danda' dance is performed by Aheers of Bundelkhand.
  • 'Rai Nritya' is a peacock dance of the women of Bundelkhand. It is performed on the occasion of Shrikrishna Janmashtami.
  • 'Shara Dance' is famous in the districts of Hamirpur, Jhansi, and Lalitpur in the Bundelkhand region. This dance is done by the young boys and girls of the farming community in the rainy season. In this dance, worship, and blessings of Vedic deity Indra is sought for the successful harvesting of the crop
  • Deepawali dance' is done by Bundelkhandi Aheers, on the occasion of Deepawali, with lightened lamps held on the head.
  • 'Kartik song dance' is prevalent in the Bundelkhand region of the state. Kartik song is a description of the relationship between Krishna and Gopis.
  • 'Dhobiya Raga' is performed by the Dhobi castes of the state.
  • The dance performed on the occasion of auspicious events by kahar is called 'Natwari Nritya'.
  • 'Chaurasia Dance' is a dance performed by Kahars in the Jaunpur district of Uttar Pradesh.
  • Karma dance is a dance jointly organised by women and men of Coal tribes in Mirzapur and Sonbhadra districts of Uttar Pradesh.

Folk drama

  • The most popular folk drama dance in Uttar Pradesh is Nautanki.
  • Ramleela Nautanki is organised in September / October during Navratri. Ramleela is following incidents portrayal of the life of Lord Rama.

Folk song

  • Biraha, Chaitya, Bhola, Kajree, Rasia, Allah, Puran Bhagat and Bhartrihari are the main folk songs of Uttar Pradesh.
  • Ragini, Dhola, Swang are the main folk songs of western Uttar Pradesh.
  • Lavani, Baharatbile is the main folk song in the Rubelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh.

Important Fairs & Festivals

  • Taj Mahotsav is organized in Agra.
  • ''Salahakul Utsav ', a symbol of Hindu-Muslim unity, is organized in Agra.
  • In Uttar Pradesh, on the occasion of the Holi festival, 'Lattathmar Holi' is organised in the Barasana.
  • In Uttar Pradesh, the world's largest fair (Kumbh Mela) is organised in Allahabad.
  • 'Kumbh Mela ' is organised every 12 years, and Ardha Kumbh Mela is hosted in the intervals of every six years.
  • Dadri's Animal Fair is organized on Kartik Purnima, in Ballia.
  • Magh Mela is organised every year in Allahabad.
  • Haridas Jayanti Festival and Dhrupad Mela are held annually in Bhadrapad Shukla paksha in Mathura, in which the best musicians participate.

Folk language

  • The most spoken regional language/Boli in Uttar Pradesh is Bhojpuri.
  • Khadi language/Boli is spoken in areas like East Delhi, Meerut, Bagpat, Mujjafar Nagar, Ghaziabad, Gautam Buddha Nagar etc.
  • Awadhi language/Boli is spoken in areas like Faizabad, Gonda, Shravasti, Lucknow, Amethi, Allahabad etc. Mathura, Aligarh, Agra, Firozabad, Bareilly etc. are the area of Braj language/Boli.
  • Kannauji language/Boli is spoken in Kannauj, Etawah, Auraya, Kanpur etc. Kannauj language and Braj languages share many similarities.
  • Bundeli Langauge/ Boli is spoken in Jhansi, Lalitpur, Hamirpur, Chitrakoot etc.
  • Bagheli is the least spoken language/ Boli in Uttar Pradesh.

This article tends to be beneficial for the following exams - REET, UPTET, CTET, Super TET, DSSSB, KVS etc.

Suggested Read Books:

Serial No.Book NameAuthor Name
1.UPTET/CTET Paper II Social Science For Class VI-VIII Solved Papers With Explanation

Youth Competition Times

2.

UPTET Exam Goalpost Paper-II, Social Studies/Social Science, Solved Papers and Practice Test (Hindi)

Wiley's

 

Thanks!

Sahi Prep hai toh Life Set hai!

Posted by:

Neha JoshiNeha JoshiMember since Aug 2019
Postgraduate in Biophysics, Writer and Art Enthusiast
Share this article   |

Comments

write a comment
Load Previous Comments
Vikas Rawal
Thanx mam 🙏🙏🙏🙏🙏🙏
Anuradhaa Sony
@Neha Joshi @Vipin Kumar Gond Tq🍫🍫🍫🍫
Poonam Pandey
Thankyou sir
Pinkee Devi

Pinkee DeviDec 10, 2019

Thanks sir.
Nvs tgt ka result kb aayega sir ji.
Mp

MpJan 9, 2021

Sir वग 3 ki class kab lag batao
Swati Gangwar
Nice class all teacher
Sushma

SushmaJan 10, 2021

Thanks mam

FAQs

  • Gradeup is now BYJU'S Exam Prep that offers the most comprehensive preparation for all exams. Get Monthly/Weekly Current Affairs, Daily GK Update, Online Courses, Latest Pattern Test Series and detailed Study Material from the top faculty at your fingertips. Want to learn more? Do not hesitate to contact our customer care here.

  • Bagheli is the least spoken language/ Boli in Uttar Pradesh.


  • In Uttar Pradesh, on the occasion of the Holi festival, 'Lattathmar Holi' is organized in the Barasana.


    • Biraha, Chaitya, Bhola, Kajree, Rasia, Allah, Puran Bhagat and Bhartrihari are the main folk songs of Uttar Pradesh.
    • Ragini, Dhola, Swang are the main folk songs of western Uttar Pradesh.
    • Lavani, Baharatbile is the main folk song in the Rubelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh.


    • The most popular folk drama dance in Uttar Pradesh is Nautanki.
    • Ramleela Nautanki is organised in September / October during Navratri. Ramleela is following incidents portrayal of the life of Lord Rama.


CTET & Teaching

TETCTETSuper TETUP Jr. TeacherUPTETUP TeacherDSSSBKVSREETHTETExamsTestMeghalaya TET 2021UPPSC GIC Lecturer
tags :CTET & TeachingUPTET OverviewUPTET Exam DateUPTET Application FormUPTET EligibilityUPTET Exam Pattern

CTET & Teaching

TETCTETSuper TETUP Jr. TeacherUPTETUP TeacherDSSSBKVSREETHTETExamsTestMeghalaya TET 2021UPPSC GIC Lecturer
tags :CTET & TeachingUPTET OverviewUPTET Exam DateUPTET Application FormUPTET EligibilityUPTET Exam Pattern

Follow us for latest updates