Union Public Service Commission (UPSC): Full Form, Composition, Members, Functions and Chairman

By Aarna Tiwari|Updated : November 15th, 2022

The Union Public Service Commission, also known as UPSC, is India's top central hiring organisation for selecting all Group 'A' officers employed by the Indian government. All Group A roles of all central government entities, including all central public sector undertakings and all central autonomous bodies, are subject to its recruitment and examination procedures. The UPSC is a constitutional body. 

Candidates for the UPSC Exam should have a solid understanding of the commission since it is in charge of holding the All-India Civil Services Examination. In the preliminary exam, you may be given questions about the UPSC's composition, chairmanship, and functions.

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Union Public Service Commission: About UPSC

The Full Form of UPSC is Union Public Service Commission. The current Union Public Service Commission was first established on October 1, 1926, under the name Public Service Commission. After being reconstructed in 1935 under the Government of India Act- 1935, the Commission's name was changed to Federal Public Service Commission.

In order to carry out the responsibilities, functions, and obligations allocated to it by Article 320, the UPSC is a constitutional body as defined by Articles 315-323 of Part XIV Chapter II of the Indian Constitution. A list of those exams are provided below.

  • Engineering Services Examination
  • Naval Academy Examination
  • Special Class Railway Apprentice
  • Indian Forest Service Examination
  • National Defence Academy Examination
  • Combined Medical Services Examination
  • Civil Services Examination
  • Central Armed Police Forces (Assistant Commandant) Examination
  • Combined Defence Services Examination
  • Combined Geoscientist and Geologist Examination
  • Indian Economic Service/Indian Statistical Service Examination

The Indian Constitution, namely Articles 315 to 323 of Part XIV, headed "Services under the Union and the States," grants the commission's permission. The Union Public Service Commission answers directly to the President, who also serves as a conduit for its advice to the government. However, the Government is not obligated by such advice. Being a constitutional authority, UPSC is one of the few organisations that can operate freely and autonomously. The commission has its own secretariat and is based out of Dholpur House in New Delhi.

Composition of UPSC

For the purpose of selecting and recommending candidates for various Group A and Group B Services of the Government of India, the Union Public Service Commission conducts various examinations in line with the Rules of Examination as announced by the Government of India in a just, fair, and impartial manner.

The Union Public Service Commission is made up of ten members and a chairman. The Union Public Service Commission (Members) Regulations, 1969 control the terms and conditions of employment for the chairman and members of the Commission.

Below is a list of the Union Public Service Commission's members as of 2022:

Name

Designation

Dr. Manoj Soni

Chairman

Ms. Smita Nagaraj

Member

Ms. M. Sathiyavathy

Member

Sh. Bharat Bhushan Vyas

Member

Dr. T. C. A. Anant

Member

Sh. Rajiv Nayan Choubey

Member

Lt. Gen. Raj Shukla (Retd.)

Member

UPSC Members and Chairman: Eligibility and Tenure

The Union Public Service Commission's chairman and other members are chosen by the Indian President. Members of the UPSC typically have at least 10 years of experience working for the government, either in the Central or State services.

  • The Secretariat, which consists of a Secretary, two Additional Secretaries, numerous Joint Secretaries, Deputy Secretaries, and various support workers, examines the Commission.
  • Each member serves a six-year term of office or until he or she is 65.
  • The President of India has the authority to remove a member or chairman from office under the conditions and following the procedure outlined in Article 317 of the Indian Constitution.

Functions of Union Public Service Commission

According to Article 320 of the Indian Constitution, the Commission must be consulted on all issues pertaining to the hiring of civil services and positions. According to Article 320 of the Constitution, the Commission's functions are:

  • Framing and amendment of Recruitment Rules for various services and posts under the Government.
  • Appointment of officers on promotion/deputation/absorption.
  • Disciplinary cases relating to different Civil Services.
  • Direct recruitment by selection through interviews.
  • Advising the Government on any matter referred to the Commission by the President of India.
  • Conduct examinations for appointment to the services of the Union.

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Union Public Service Commission FAQs

  • To carry out the responsibilities, functions, and obligations allocated to it by Article 320, the Union Public Service Commission is a constitutional body as defined by Articles 315-323 of Part XIV Chapter II of the Indian Constitution. For the purpose of selecting and recommending candidates for various Group A and Group B Services of the Government of India, the UPSC conducts various examinations in line with the Rules of Examination as announced by the Government of India in a just, fair, and impartial manner.

  • The full form of UPSC is Union Public Service Commission, and the IAS stands for Indian Administrative Service. The organisation in charge of holding several exams, including the EPFO, Engineering Services, and Civil Services exams for the IAS, IRS, IPS, and other positions, is the Union Public Service Commission.

  • The UPSC has its own secretariat and is based out of Dholpur House in New Delhi.

  • The Chairman of the Union Public Service Commission is Mr. Manoj Soni. He was appointed as the Chairman of UPSC in April, 2022.

  • The UPSC Exam is regarded by many as being the most difficult exam in India. This is a result of the extremely low pass rate in this exam. The UPSC Syllabus is quite extensive. One needs to commit a whole year of uninterrupted time to study for the IAS Exam. Having said that, one can pass the exam on the first try with the proper strategy and UPSC Preparation Strategy.

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