Ujjawala Scheme UPSC : Ujjawala Scheme 2007 for Trafficking

By Durga Prashanna Mishra|Updated : December 15th, 2022

Ujjawala Scheme was launched by the Ministry of Women and Child Development in 2007 to put an end to the trafficking of children and women. The primary goal of the Ujjawala Scheme is to prevent, reintegrate, rescue, and repatriate victims trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation. Ujjawala Scheme comes under government policies and interventions in the UPSC syllabus.

UPSC aspirants must be prepared with all the facts and information related to Ujjawala Scheme as it will help them to deal with the questions asked on this topic. In this article, we will be covering the objectives, implementation, and significance of the Ujjawala Scheme to help UPSC aspirants in their preparation.

Table of Content

What is Ujjawala Scheme?

Children and Women trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation is an organized crime, and it violates human rights.

  • India has emerged as a destination and transit for cross-border and in-country trafficking. 
  • There are various reasons for trafficking, such as the low status of women, poverty, lack of a protective environment, etc.
  • Keeping the above problems and gaps in mind, the Ujjawala Scheme has been launched by the government to prevent illicit trafficking and also to rescue, rehabilitate, and reintegration victims who were trafficked for sexual exploitation. 

Also, check PM Ujjwala Yojana

Objective of Ujjawala Scheme 2007

The objective of the Ujjawala Scheme are as follows:

  • To prevent women and children from being trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation. 
  • Creating awareness through public debate, social mobilization, and involvement of local communities, organizing seminars, and other innovative activities.
  • Ujjawala Scheme also aims to rescue the victim and find a safe and secure place for them.
  • To offer basic needs to the victims like shelter, medical aid, legal aid, food, etc.
  • To facilitate the cross-border victims to their country.
  • To reintegrate the trafficked victims into their society and mainly families.
  • To offer rehabilitation services to the victims.

Ujjawala Scheme 2007 Components

The components of the Ujjawala Scheme are- Rescue, Prevention, Rehabilitation, Reintegration, and Repatriation.

Rescue work - Ujjawala Scheme 

  • The rescue work starts with information gathering. This process involves Police, Youth Groups, NGOs, Women’s Groups, Panchayat, Hotels, tour operators, etc.
  • After the rescue, the transportation process of the victim from the place to the shelter home starts.
  • During the interim period, Ujjawala Scheme will provide food, clothing, shelter, medical aid, and other basic needs.

Rehabilitation - Ujjawala Scheme

  • The organization set up the Protective and Rehabilitative (P&R) Homes.
  • Basic amenities will be provided.
  • Ujjawala Scheme also provides medical care such as medicine, hospitalization, etc.
  • Legal aid is also provided, which includes court work and documentation related to the victim’s court case. Victims are the main witness against the trafficker. This scheme also provides administrative costs.
  • The majority of the rescued victims are children, so the Ujjawala Scheme provide notebooks, school uniform, and other costs that may have to be incurred.
  • The Ujjawala Scheme also offers vocational training and income generation activities that would help the victims to support themselves.

Reintegration - Ujjawala Scheme

  • The scheme covers the travel cost of the victim and escorts from the destination area to the home. 
  • Ujjawala Scheme also set halfway home, where a group of victims, are ready to live and work.

Repatriation - Ujjawala Scheme

  • The scheme also provides costs incurred in procedures for getting the repatriation state of the victim.
  • It would also cover all the travel costs for the cross-border victims.

Prevention of Trafficking under the Ujjawala Scheme 

  • Forming and functioning community vigilance groups.
  • The scheme organizes seminars and workshops with all sensitization and representatives of the gram panchayat corporation.
  • Awareness programs are also organized as well.
  • Printing and distribution of awareness generation materials such as leaflets, posters, and pamphlets.

Eligibility for the Organizations to Implement Ujjawala Scheme 

Those organizations who are interested in this service need to fulfill the eligibility criteria as follows.

  • The registration of that organization must be done under the law. They should have a managing body with its functions and powers clearly in sync with the framework and guidelines provided in the constitution for such organizations.
  • In addition, to meet the eligibility requirements for Ujjawala Scheme, organizations must not have a primary objective to gain profit.
  • The organization needs to have at least 3 years of experience post-registration.
  • The organization must be financially sound with proper availability of resources and experienced personnel to handle all the delicate issues.

Implementing Agencies of Ujjawala Scheme

  • Women and Child Welfare Department/Social Welfare Department of State Government
  • Urban Local Bodies
  • Voluntary Organisations
  • Women’s Development Corporations/Centres
  • Renowned Public-Private Trusts

Significance of Ujjawala Scheme

The major benefits of the Ujjawala Scheme are:

  • It would provide a quality independent life for children and women who are suffering from sexual exploitation and trafficking.
  • It would also enhance the social stability of the victims in society by boosting the inclusive growth of all the sections.
  • This would change the life of the children and women who have suffered.

Ujjawala Scheme UPSC

Ujjawala Scheme is a part of government schemes which makes it important from the UPSC Exam perspective. Government schemes are a part of the UPSC Syllabus; that’s why candidates must prepare for this particular scheme as well. To make the preparation easier, we have covered all the facts and information related to Ujjawala Scheme in this article.

This article will help the candidates in preparation for questions asked from Ujjawala Scheme in both UPSC Prelims and UPSC Mains. Apart from the notes, candidates should follow the right UPSC Books and glance through the UPSC Previous Year Question Papers to figure out the types of questions asked from the Ujjawala Scheme.

Ujjawala Scheme UPSC Sample Question

Question: Consider the following statements about the Ujjawala scheme.

  1. It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme
  2. Launched in 2007
  3. Reducing the woman and children trafficking
  4. After the death of both farmer and spouse, all the remaining amount is credited to their Children’s account

Options:

(a) Only 1 and 3 are correct

(b) Only 2 and 3 are correct

(c) Only 1 and 4 are correct

(d) All 4 statements are correct

Answer: (b)

Other Important UPSC Notes

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) UPSC Notes

Money Multiplier UPSC Notes

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Operation Twist UPSC Notes

Atal Innovation Mission UPSC Notes

Major Ports in India UPSC Notes

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FAQs on Ujjawala Scheme UPSC

  • Children and women trafficking is increasing rapidly in India and keeping that in mind the government launched Ujjawala Scheme in 2007. It is believed that this scheme would put an end to child and women trafficking.

    Ujjawala Scheme UPSC - Download Notes

  • उज्ज्वला योजना 2007 में महिला एवं बाल विकास मंत्रालय द्वारा बच्चों और महिलाओं की तस्करी को समाप्त करने के लिए शुरू की गई थी। उज्ज्वला योजना का प्राथमिक लक्ष्य व्यावसायिक यौन शोषण के लिए तस्करी की गई पीड़ितों को रोकना, बचाव और प्रत्यावर्तन करना है।

  • The Ujjawala Scheme which has been launched by Child Development in 2007 helps in the prevention of child and women trafficking.

  • The benefits of the Ujjawala Scheme are, that it will provide quality and independent life to women and children who are suffering from trafficking, and develop the social stability of the victims.

  • The implementing agencies of the Ujjawala Scheme are the Women and Child Welfare Department/Social Welfare Department of the State Government, Urban Local Bodies, Voluntary Organisations, Women’s Development Corporations/Centres, and Renowned Public-Private Trust

  • The main objectives behind Ujjawala Scheme are to rescue, prevent, reintegrate, and repatriate victims trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation.

  • The Ministry of Women and Child Development is responsible for implementing the Ujjawala Scheme. This scheme is implemented to prevent Trafficking and Rescue, Reintegration, Rehabilitation, etc.

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