Ujjawala Scheme: Objectives, Components, Trafficking

By Durga Prashanna Mishra|Updated : July 12th, 2022

Ujjawala Scheme was launched by the Ministry of Women and Child Development in 2007 to put an end to the trafficking of children and women. The primary goal of the Ujjawala Scheme is to prevent, reintegrate, rescue, and repatriate victims trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation. In this article, we will be covering the objectives, implementation, and significance of the Ujjawala Scheme.

This article covers all the facts and information on Ujjawala Scheme for trafficking which would help UPSC aspirants in their preparation. Additionally, candidates can find Ujjawala Scheme UPSC notes in PDF format below and kickstart their UPSC exam preparation.

Table of Content

What is Ujjawala Scheme?

Children and Women trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation is an organized crime, and it violates human rights.

  • India has emerged as a destination, and transit for cross-border, and in-country trafficking.
  • There are various reasons for trafficking such as low status of women, poverty, lack of protective environment, etc.
  • Keeping the above problems and gaps in mind, the Ujjawala Scheme has been launched by the government to prevent illicit trafficking and also to rescue, rehabilitate, and reintegration, victims who were trafficked for sexual exploitation.

Also, Study About PM Ujjwala Yojana

Objectives of Ujjawala Sscheme

The objective of Ujjawala Scheme are as follows:

  • To prevent women and children trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation.
  • Creating awareness through public debate, social mobilization, and involvement of local communities, organizing seminars, and other innovative activities.
  • To rescue the victim and find a safe and secure place for them.
  • To offer basic needs to the victims like shelter, medical ais, legal aid, food, etc.
  • To facilitate the cross-border victims to their country.
  • To reintegrate the trafficked victims into their society and mainly families.
  • To offer rehabilitation services to the victims.

Ujjawala Scheme Components

The components of the Ujjawala Scheme are- Rescue, Prevention, Rehabilitation, Reintegration, and Repatriation.

Rescue work Under Ujjawala Scheme

  • The rescue work starts with information gathering. This process involves Police, Youth Groups, NGOs, Women’s Groups, Panchayat, Hotels, tour operators, etc.
  • After the rescue, the transportation process of the victim from the place to the shelter home starts.
  • During the interim period, Ujjawala Scheme will provide food, clothing, shelter, medical aid, and other basic needs.

Rehabilitation

  • The organization set up the Protective and Rehabilitative (P&R) Homes.
  • Basic amenities will be provided.
  • Ujjawala Scheme also provides medical care such as medicine, hospitalization, etc.
  • Legal aid is also provided which includes court work and documentation related to the victim’s court case. Victims are the main witness against the trafficker.
  • Ujjawala Scheme also provided administrative costs.
  • The majority of the rescued victims are children so the Ujjawala Scheme provide notebooks, school uniform, and other costs that may have to be incurred.
  • The scheme also offers vocational training, and income generation activities that would help the victims to support themselves.

Reintegration

  • The scheme covers the travel cost of the victim and escorts from the destination area to home.
  • Ujjawala Scheme also set halfway home, where a group of victims, ready to live and work.

Repatriation

  • The scheme also provides costs incurred in procedures for getting the repatriation state of the victim.
  • It would also cover all the travel costs for the cross-border victims.

Prevention of Trafficking under the Ujjawala Scheme

  • Forming and functioning community vigilance groups.
  • The scheme organizes seminars and workshops with all sensitization and representatives of gram panchayat corporation.
  • Awareness programs are also organized as well.
  • Printing and distribution of awareness generation materials such as leaflets, posters, and pamphlets.

Ujjawala Scheme for Trafficking- Eligibility for the Implementing Organizations

Those organizations who are interested in this service need to fulfill the eligibility criteria as follows.

  • The registration of that organization must be done under the law. They should have a managing body with its functions and powers clearly in sync with the framework and guidelines provided in the constitution for such organizations.
  • The organization must not have a primary objective to gain profit.
  • The organization needs to have at least 3 years of experience post-registration.
  • The organization must be financially sound with proper availability of resources and experienced personnel to handle all the delicate issues.

Implementing Agencies of Ujjawala Scheme

  • Women and Child Welfare Department/Social Welfare Department of State Government
  • Urban Local Bodies
  • Voluntary Organizations
  • Women’s Development Corporations/Centres
  • Renowned Public-Private Trusts

Significance of Ujjawala Scheme for Trafficking

The major benefits of the Ujjawala Scheme are:

  • It would provide a quality independent life for children and women who are suffering from sexual exploitation, and trafficking.
  • It would also enhance the social stability of the victims in society by boosting the inclusive growth of all the sections.
  • This would change the life of the children and women who have suffered.

Sample Questions from Ujjawala Scheme for Trafficking in UPSC Exam

Question: Consider the following statements about the Ujjawala scheme.

  1. It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme
  2. Launched in 2007
  3. Reducing the woman and children trafficking
  4. After the death of both farmer and spouse, all the remaining amount is credited to their Children’s account

Options:

(a) Only 1 and 3 are correct

(b) Only 2 and 3 are correct

(c) Only 1 and 4 are correct

(d) All 4 statements are correct

Answer: (b)

Ujjawala Scheme: Subjective Questions

  1. Mention the functions of the Ujjawala scheme.
  2. How can the Ujjawala scheme be beneficial to women and children?
  3. Is the Ujjawala scheme good enough to tackle the social security situation of Small and Marginal people? Analyze Critically

Ujjawala Scheme UPSC

Ujjawala Scheme is a part of government schemes which makes it important from the UPSC Exam perspective. Government schemes are a part of the UPSC Syllabus, that’s why candidates must prepare for this particular scheme as well. To make the preparation easier we have covered all the facts and information related to Ujjawala Scheme in this article. Candidates can download the Ujjawala Scheme UPSC Notes below to make their preparation easier and smoother for both UPSC Prelims and UPSC Mains.

>> Download Ujjawala Scheme UPSC Notes PDF

Apart from the notes, candidates should give attention to UPSC Books, and glance through the UPSC Previous Year Question Papers to figure out the types of questions asked from the Ujjawala Scheme.

Other Important UPSC Notes
Ramsar Sites in IndiaCentre-State Relations
Masala BondsNo Confidence Motion
Financial Action Task Force (FATF)Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code [IBC]
SEBI UPSCIndia-China Relations
Attorney General of IndiaSimon Commission
Wahabi MovementPESA ACT 1996

Comments

write a comment

FAQs on Ujjawala Scheme

  • Children and women trafficking is increasing rapidly in India and keeping that in mind the government launched Ujjawala Scheme in 2007. It is believed that this scheme would put an end to child and women trafficking.

  • The main objectives behind Ujjawala Scheme are to rescue, prevent, reintegrate, and repatriate victims trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation.

  • The Ujjawala Scheme which has been launched by Child Development in 2007 helps in the prevention of child and women trafficking.

  • The benefits of the Ujjawala Scheme are, that it will provide quality and independent life to women and children who are suffering from trafficking, and develop the social stability of the victims.

  • The implementing agencies of the Ujjawala Scheme are the Women and Child Welfare Department/Social Welfare Department of the State Government, Urban Local Bodies, Voluntary Organisations, Women’s Development Corporations/Centres, and Renowned Public-Private Trust

Follow us for latest updates