UGC NET Study Notes on The Factories Act, 1948, Part-1

By Sakshi Ojha|Updated : November 13th, 2022

Factories Act, 1948 is an important topic of UGC NET Paper 2 Labour Welfare Syllabus. UGC NET applicants whose subject is Labour Welfare needs to prepare this topic thoroughly. You can find the detailed Notes on Factories Act, 1948 below in the article.

Experts have compiled comprehensive study notes on Factories Act, 1948 for your reference.     

Factories Act, 1948

The Factories Act, 1948, an act to amend and give a boost to the regulation regulating labour in factories, extends to the entire of India. It was established and put into effect from 1st April 1949.

Highlights of the Factories Act, 1948

1- Worker (Section 2(l)) method someone who's hired in any production procedure or in cleansing the equipment or premises of the paintings or every other paintings associated with the producing procedure. The employee can be hired immediately or via any enterprise or contractor without or with the know-how of the primary employer.

2- Factory (Section 2(m)) method any premises or precincts where-Ten or greater people are operating in a production procedure that is being carried on with the resource of power.
Twenty or greater people are operating in a production procedure that is being carried on with out the resource of power.

3- Occupier (Section 2(n)) could have manipulate over the sports of the manufacturing facility.

  • The occupier shall ship a note to the leader inspector at the least fifteen days earlier than he starts to occupy or use any premises as a manufacturing facility. The note shall encompass the call of the manufacturing facility, call and cope with of the occupier, nature of the producing procedure, call of the supervisor, wide variety of people and different prescribed particulars.
  • The occupier shall ship a written note at the least thirty days earlier than the date of graduation of labor to the leader inspector while a manufacturing facility engaged in a production procedure that is usually carried on for much less than a hundred and 80 operating days withinside the 12 months resumes operating.
  • The occupier shall ship a note to the inspector and a duplicate to the leader inspector inside seven days every time a brand new supervisor is appointed.
  • During any duration, if there may be no man or woman distinct as a supervisor, the occupier is handled as a supervisor.
  • The occupier shall tell the leader inspector approximately the character and info of the procedure, inside a duration of thirty days if the manufacturing facility engaged in a risky procedure at the graduation of the Factories (Amendment) Act,1987.inside a duration of thirty days previous to the graduation of risky procedure if the manufacturing facility engaged in one of these procedure after the graduation of the act.
  • The occupier, to hold right protection and fitness at paintings shall installation a protection committee along with identical wide variety of representatives of people and management.
    Canteens will be furnished and maintained with the aid of using the occupier in each manufacturing facility in which greater than hundred and fifty people are usually hired.
    The occupier shall rent welfare officers (Section 49) in each manufacturing facility in which 5 hundred or greater people are usually hired.

4- Section 7A of the act is concerning the overall responsibilities of the occupier. It states that once the employees are at paintings withinside the manufacturing facility, the occupier shall make certain the fitness, protection and welfare of all employees. The responsibilities include:

  1. Maintenance of vegetation and structures of paintings.
  2. Ensuring the protection and shortage of dangers to fitness while the use of, managing and storing the articles and substances.Monitoring all of the offices withinside the manufacturing facility.

5- The nation authorities may also with the aid of using notification withinside the reliable gazette employ leader inspectors, inspectors, extra leader inspectors, joint leader inspectors and deputy leader inspectors.

  • Every district Justice of the Peace will be an inspector for his district and the nation authorities may also employ public officials as inspectors.
  • An inspector inside his neighborhood limits could make examinations of the premises, plant, equipment, and many others.
  • He can inquire into any risky incidence ensuing in injury, disability, and many others and capture or take copies of the register, document or different documents.6- The nation authorities shall employ certified clinical practitioners as certifying surgeons (Section 10) to study the humans engaged in risky occupations, study and certify the younger humans, exercising clinical supervision, study the instances of illness, and many others.

7- Section 13 of the act is concerning air flow and temperature. It states that there ought to be ok air flow with the aid of using the flow of clean air and right temperature ought to be maintained with the aid of using the use of powerful means.

8- In a workroom, there will be-
9- Nine cubic meters of area for each employee withinside the factories which might be in life at the date of graduation of this act.14.2 cubic meters of area for each employee withinside the factories which can be set up after the graduation of this act.For this, no account will be taken of any area that is extra than 4.2 meters above the extent of the ground of the room.
nine- There will be no ingesting water factor inside six meters of any washing place, urinal, spittoon, open-drain until a shorter distance is authorized in writing with the aid of using the leader inspector. There will be a provision of cool ingesting water at some point of warm climate in each manufacturing facility in which extra than hundred and fifty employees are often hired.

10- All latrine and urinal lodging will be of prescribed sanitary kinds in each manufacturing facility in which extra than hundred and fifty employees are often hired.

11- A individual promoting or letting on lease any equipment pushed with the aid of using energy which does now no longer observe the prescribed provisions will be punishable with imprisonment for a time period which may also amplify to a few months or with satisfactory which may also amplify to 5 hundred rupees or with both.12- If any individual is hired or running on or close to the wheel tune of a traveling crane, then powerful measures will be taken to make certain that the crane does now no longer method inside six meters of that place.

How to Prepare for UGC NET Paper 2 Labour Welfare?

Candidates preparing for UGC NET Exam as Labour Welfare for paper 2 have to prepare every topic from the syllabus very carefully. Below are some tips to Crack UGC NET Labour Welfare Exam. 

  • All the applicants are also advised to solve as many UGC NET Previous Year Papers as possible. Previous Year Papers give you an idea of what to expect in the examination, it prepares you for the types of questions asked in the examination. 
  • UGC NET Mock Tests are also proven to be a great tool for preparation.
  • Maintain a proper schedule for the preparations. 
  • Make weekly and monthly goals and try to adhere to them. 
  • Keep making short notes of the topics, they will help you in quick revision at last.

Also Read: 

Best Books for UGC NET Paper 2Read Here
Preparation Tips for UGC NETRead Here
UGC NET 3 month study planRead Here
UGC NET 6 month study planRead Here

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FAQs

  • The Factories Act, 1948, an act to amend and give a boost to the regulation regulating labour in factories, extends to the entire of India. It was established and put into effect from 1st April 1949.

  • Worker (Section 2(l)) method someone who's hired in any production procedure or in cleansing the equipment or premises of the paintings or every other paintings associated with the producing procedure. The employee can be hired immediately or via any enterprise or contractor without or with the know-how of the primary employer.

  • Factory (Section 2(m)) method any premises or precincts where-Ten or greater people are operating in a production procedure that is being carried on with the resource of power.

    Twenty or greater people are operating in a production procedure that is being carried on with out the resource of power.

  • Section 7A of the act is concerning the overall responsibilities of the occupier. It states that once the employees are at paintings withinside the manufacturing facility, the occupier shall make certain the fitness, protection and welfare of all employees. The responsibilities include:

    1. Maintenance of vegetation and structures of paintings.
    2. Ensuring the protection and shortage of dangers to fitness while the use of, managing and storing the articles and substances.Monitoring all of the offices withinside the manufacturing facility.
  • Occupier (Section 2(n)) could have manipulate over the sports of the manufacturing facility. The occupier shall ship a note to the leader inspector at the least fifteen days earlier than he starts to occupy or use any premises as a manufacturing facility. The note shall encompass the call of the manufacturing facility, call and cope with of the occupier, nature of the producing procedure, call of the supervisor, wide variety of people and different prescribed particulars.

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