The English section is important in CLAT 2022-2023 & other Law Entrance examinations. This portion is designed to assess the candidates' language abilities. Questions from the following themes are included in the English Language section:
- Reading comprehension
- Cloze Test
- Spelling check
- Sentence correction
- Sentence rearrangement
- Para jumbles
- Fill in the blanks
- Meaning of idioms and phrases
- Foreign language words
- One Word Substitution
- Synonym & Antonym
- Word Usage
Check: CLAT Syllabus
CLAT English Language Pattern
- In CLAT the English section comprises 28-32 questions carrying 20% weightage which will award one mark for each correct answer.
- The English section of the AILET consists of 35 questions worth one mark each for the correct answers.
Reading Comprehension for CLAT
Many students struggle with reading comprehension. Depending on how well you prepare, this topic may be the most difficult or the easiest to tackle on the exam. Every paper usually includes a reading comprehension question because it is one of the most effective ways to test a student's ability to grasp, comprehend, summarize, and respond. The questions will not be straightforward. As a result, in order to answer, you have to follow the passage to answer.
Tips to Solve Reading Comprehension in CLAT & Other Exams
Reading comprehension is all about the understanding of what a passage means and the ideas that the author is attempting to convey, both literally and contextually.
Types of questions asked in a Reading Comprehension
Universal– This question type focuses on the big picture, or the entire passage.
Direct — This type question about specific passage details. The proper response is frequently a paraphrasing of anything expressed explicitly in the passage.
Contextual vocabulary - This is a form of question that inquires about the passage's use of a term or phrase.
Inferential question– Inferential questions demand you to understand what the passage implies but does not explicitly declare. The answer, on the other hand, can be deduced from the passage's nuanced phrasing. These questions assess your ability to read between the lines and deduce what the author is implying.
Application questions– These are a type of inference-based inquiry with a twist. In these questions, you must select the response that best depicts a situation or follows the steps outlined in the passage.
The tone of the passage – This question type is also a specific type of inference, which requires you to infer the author’s point of view and position on certain statements.
Things to keep in Mind While Solving RC in CLAT
1. Find the central idea in the passage
- This is necessary to gain a general knowledge of the passage and to mentally record the category to which it belongs.
- In the first five lines of the passage, you should be able to figure out what the topic is.
- This is beneficial because when you answer the questions, it becomes easy to remove possibilities that are inconsistent with the passage's fundamental subject.
2. Focus on Details
- Reading comprehension questions can sometimes be linked to exceedingly specific aspects in the passage.
- In this scenario, straightforward queries are common and can be simply attempted.
- To do so, however, one must be able to organize such text details without spending too much time skimming or rereading the passage. So, what should you do in this situation?
- When taking an online exam like CLAT, it's a good idea to note down any ideas that you think are relevant. This is something you can do while reading the passage. As you practice more, you will gain a better understanding of what is vital and what is not.
3. Logical structure
- Questions about the passage are occasionally asked.
- Such questions necessitate a thorough grasp of the passage. Always pay attention to how particular words influence the flow of the passage.
- Furthermore, questions like "What would be the best title for the passage?" are much easier to answer if you have a general understanding of the passage's structure.
4. The Tone of the passage
- This is the most difficult part of the passage, as well as the question with the lowest score. However, there are a few approaches to these types of problems. To begin, identify whether the author's words have a positive or negative connotation.
- Look for terms that are descriptive.
- Second, learn about and understand the various tones. Acerbic, opinionated, dogmatic, optimistic, witty, grandiose, and introspective are some of the most typical tones (these are just a few; tones are numerous). Authors may also use a neutral tone or a mix of tones.
These two steps will help you identify the correct answer with regards to the tone in a passage.
(i) Drawing inferences
- Simply put, inference refers to "that which is not specifically stated yet must be true."
- It has to be a logical extension of what was said in the passage. Drawing inferences is a crucial skill to have, as it is a big element of logical reasoning.
(ii) Answer smart
- There may be certain questions in the paper that are outright difficult or maybe too time-consuming to answer.
- Always keep in mind that you do not have the luxury of time in CLAT. So, if there are any difficult vocabulary questions or ones that will take more than one minute to answer, skip them.
- Return to it when you've completed all of your questions.
- CLAT isn't just a test of your knowledge. It puts your knowledge to the test in a short amount of time. Also, keep in mind that there is a negative marking system.
Tips to Improve Reading Comprehension for CLAT
- This is the most obvious and crucial piece of advice for improving your grades.
- Only by practicing reading comprehension can you enhance your speed, accuracy, vocabulary, tonal recognition, and everything else.
- To improve your reading speed, there are two ways to practice: guided learning and reading big texts.
- Keep track of time and focus on certain areas, such as vocabulary, tones, and so on, in guided learning. Under the latter, be sure you comprehend what you're reading and that you're reading for enjoyment.
- This improves your speed, which is important in a timed exam like the CLAT.
- Summaries all that you read and learn to quickly re-read a paragraph that has not been comprehended by you.
- It is okay to take apart the text and read it in a manner that helps you understand better. Remember the aim here is to score more marks and to solve it in the least time-consuming manner possible
3. Improve your Reading Speed
- As previously said, because CLAT being a time-based exam, it is critical to be able to read comprehension within the allotted time.
- As a result, keep a timer handy while training. Keep track of how long it takes you to complete each reading comprehension task.
- A medium-difficulty reading comprehension problem should take no more than 7–8 minutes to complete.
- Experiment with different types of passages when practicing, such as long, short, tough, didactic, and so on. Practice reading on topics with which you are not very familiar.
4. Improve Vocabulary
- This is a no-brainer, but it's worth mentioning because it's critical.
- While practicing, list down any terms that are tough for you.
- Learn those words and their meanings, and try to comprehend the context in which they were employed. It helps you remember the words if you use them in sentences and while speaking.
Well, that’s all folks!
All of these factors may appear daunting at first, but scoring well in reading comprehension is not difficult. Work hard and think critically when answering questions.
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