Tips on Usage of Correct Articles -Study Notes, Material - All Teaching Exams

By Neha Joshi|Updated : August 19th, 2021

In this article, we should read related to Tips on Usage of Correct Articles Important for the CTET Paper-1 & 2

An article is any member of a class of dedicated words that are used with noun phrases to mark the identifiability of the referents of the noun phrases. The category of articles constitutes a part of speech. In English, both "the" and "a/an" are articles, which combine with nouns to form noun phrases. 

 

In English, there are two types of articles, The Indefinite Articles, and The Definite Article. We will elaborate both definite and indefinite articles 

The Indefinite Articles: A and An

1. The indefinite article ‘a’ is used before: 

(a) a word beginning with a letter having a consonant sound. 
 Examples:  a book, a man.

(b) a word that begins with a letter (like O) with the sound like ‘wa’ 
 Examples: a one-rupee note, one-eyed man etc.

(c) a word beginning with ‘u’ or ‘eu’ giving the consonant of ‘yu’.
 Examples: a university, a European.

2. The indefinite article ‘an’ is used before:

(a) a word beginning with a letter like a, e, i, o, u having a vowel sound.
Examples:  an apple, an egg,  an umbrella, an idiot, etc.

(b) a word beginning with ‘h’ but the pronunciation starts with a vowel.
Examples: an heir, an hour, an honest man, etc.

(c) an abbreviation, the first letter of which is ‘M’ 
Examples: an M.L.A., an M.P., an M.Com an S.D.O and F.R.C.S., an X-mas gift etc.

The Definite Article: The

1. Article "THE" is used in the following ways:

Rule:

  • Before the names of the historical  or public buildings:  the Taj Mahal, the Red Fort, the Rashtrapati Bhavan, etc
  • Before the names of rivers: the Krishna, the Ganga, the Yamuna etc.
  • Before the names of seas: the Arabian Sea, the Red Sea etc.
  • Before the Oceans: the Indian Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, etc.
  • Before the names of certain chains of Mountains: the Himalayas, the Alps, etc.
  • Before the names of deserts: the Sahara, the Thar, etc.
  • Before the names of newspapers, magazines etc: the Hindustan Times, the Deccan Chronicle, etc.
  • Before groups of islands: the Andamans, the West Indies, etc.

Rule: The is used before certain adjectives to give a plural meaning.  The rich, The poor, The dead, The sick, the healthy, The deaf, The blind etc.

  • The rich = rich people
  • The poor = poor people

Examples:

Rich hates poor  (Incorrect)
The rich hate the poor  (correct)

Wise think before they speak  (Incorrect)
The wise think before they speak  (correct)

Rule: Before the names of certain countries (This is an exception): The Gambia, The Bahamas. the Hague, etc

Rule: Before a noun when special emphasis is needed.

Example: This is the novel I am talking about.  (not any novel, but a particular novel)

Rule:  Before a common noun to give it the meaning of an abstract noun.

Examples: At last the father in him prevailed and excused him.

Rule: In special comparatives

Examples:
1. The more you earn, the more you spend
2. The more, the better
3. The higher you go, the cooler you feel.

Rule: Before musical instruments.

Examples:  
Rajani can play the piano very well  (Incorrect)
Rajani can play the piano very well.  (correct)

Rule: Before the names of certain countries each of which is a union of smaller units.

Examples: the U.S.A., the U.A.E., and U.S.S.R etc.

Rule:  Before north, south etc when these are used as nouns.

Examples: the north of India, the Middle East, West Asia.

Rule: Before some proper nouns consisting of adjectives and noun or noun + of + noun

Examples: the State Bank of India, the National Museum

Rule:  Before the names of political parties.

Example: the BJP, the Congress

Rule: Before ‘only’ and ordinal numbers, such first, second, millionth etc. and adjectives of a number.

Examples:

1. All the students of the first year are invited.  (Incorrect)
All the students of the first year are invited  (correct)

2. The second example is not correct  (Incorrect)
The second example is not correct.  (correct)

3. He is the only one in the class who got selected for Google.  (Incorrect)
He is the only one in the class who got selected for Google.  (correct)

This article tends to be beneficial for the following exams - REET, UPTET, CTET, Super TETDSSSBKVS, etc.

Suggested Read Books:

Serial No.Book NameAuthor Name
1.High School English Grammar and Composition H. Martin and P. C. Wren
2.Objective General EnglishS.P. Bakshi
 

Thanks!

Sahi Prep Hai to Life Set hai!

byjusexamprep

 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Comments

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Ankit Chauhan
Mem grade up per faculties ki jarurat ha kya
Ruby Singh

Ruby SinghJul 5, 2020

Thanku mam
Alka Singh

Alka SinghSep 15, 2020

Thanku mam
Kirti Garg

Kirti GargNov 18, 2020

Pls check examples of The
Shalini

ShaliniFeb 2, 2021

Very helpful notes
Shivam Saxena
Mam
In multiple examples you have written same sentence as correct and incorrect .
Pls rectify it as it will confuse lot of students
Priya

PriyaFeb 4, 2021

Mem ek bat btaiye app up ke supertet me 50 percent hona jaruri h
Swati Jhariya
Good but y jo example h correct or incorrect dono sem h h
Renu

RenuMar 16, 2021

Examples of the is not able to understand
Aditya Aadi
Thnks mam... Bt the examples are incorrectly use..  I. e look at the correct and incorrect example of 'the'

FAQs

  •  The weightage of English Section in the CTET - 30 Marks.

  • Rule:

    • Before the names of the historical or public buildings: the Taj Mahal, the Red Fort, the Rashtrapati Bhavan, etc
    • Before the names of rivers: the Krishna, the Ganga, the Yamuna etc.
    • Before the names of seas: the Arabian Sea, the Red Sea etc.
    • Before the Oceans: the Indian Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, etc.
    • Before the names of certain chains of Mountains: the Himalayas, the Alps, etc.
    • Before the names of deserts: the Sahara, the Thar, etc.
    • Before the names of newspapers, magazines etc: the Hindustan Times, the Deccan Chronicle, etc.
    • Before groups of islands: the Andamans, the West Indies, etc.


  •  The weightage of English Section in the DSSSB Exams - 20 Marks.

  • 2 to 3  questions can be expected from the Article topic.

  • The level of the questions asked from the topic Article - Easy to Moderate.

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