Introduction of Slogan Garibi Hatao
The strategy also placed a strong emphasis on defense and agricultural production independence. The concept was rejected in 1978 by the newly elected Morarji Desai administration. For the years 1974 to 1979, the Fifth Five-Year Plan was drafted. The goals were to increase employment levels, lessen poverty, and achieve self-sufficiency.
First five-year Plan 1951-56
- Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru presented the first five-year plan to the legislature in December 1951.
- P. C. Mahalanobis, the plan's creator, advocated for a closed economy that is self-sufficient.
- The plan mainly referenced Domer's five-year plans created for the USSR.
- The initial five-year plan is also known as the Domer-Mahalanobis Model as a result.
- In this plan, the projects related to agriculture, irrigation, and power were given top attention.
Second five-year plan
- The so-called Mahalanobis model serves as the foundation for the second five-year plan.
- By PC Mahalanobis, the founder of the Indian Statistical Institute and a close Nehru ally, the USSR model was Indianized.
- A focus on heavy industries can steer the Indian economy toward a path of higher long-term growth, as indicated by this model.
The slogan 'Garibi Hatao' was introduced in - (a) First plan (b) Fifth plan (c) Fourth plan (d) Second plan
In the sixth plan, the phrase "Garibi Hatao" was introduced. Garibi Hatao served as both the campaign's slogan and theme during Indira Gandhi's 1971 electoral campaign.