Retirement Age of a High Court Judge
According to the Constitution's 15th Amendment, the High Court judge's retirement age was originally set at 60 but was increased to 62 in 1963. Judges of the Supreme Court are allowed to retire at 65. The appointment process and requirements for the position of a judge on a high court are outlined in Article 217 of the constitution.
- The Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act of 1963, Section 4, changed the retirement age for judges of the supreme court from 60 to 62 years old.
- The President appoints the Chief Justice of a High Court after consulting with the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and the State Governor.
- The oldest high court in India is the Calcutta High Court.
- A person must be an Indian citizen and have served as a Judge in Indian subordinate courts for at least ten years in order to be eligible to become the chief justice of the High Court.
- If the Parliament passes a petition against a Judge of the High Court with an absolute majority and a two-thirds vote of the members present and voting, both Houses sitting separately, the motion may be revoked by the President.
- A Judge may resign in order to vacate the bench. The President will receive his letter of resignation.
- In India as of September 2020, there were 25 High Courts.
- The newly established High Courts in India are Telangana and Andhra Pradesh High Courts.
The Retirement age of the High Court Judges was increased from 60 to 62 years after which Amendment?
The 15th Constitutional Amendment enabled the increase of the retirement age of the High Court Judges from 60 to 62 years. This change was done as per Section 4 of the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 1963. A person must be an Indian citizen and have experience practising law in one or more Indian High Courts to be appointed chief judge of the High Court.