The Red Corridor States 2022

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 15th, 2022

The Red Corridor, also known as the Red Zone, is in the region of central, eastern, and southern India. The Naxalite rebellions and Maoists are the most prevalent here. Geographical range and the number of fierce happenings are steadily declining.

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Compared to the 180 affected communities in 2009, the number in 2021 dropped to 70, with 25 districts being the "most affected". The red corridor covers 10 states of remote, forested hills rich in two types of coal in and close to the three junctions of Dandakaranya, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Orissa, and West Bengal.

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Red Corridor of India

The area containing the regions of India from central, southern, and eastern parts, covering about 11 states with the major portion in Odisha, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, and Jharkhand, is considered the Red Corridor. It is famous in the news for the Maoist revolution.

  • The zone is not developed, and individuals residing in this area are economically crushed and cannot even afford the necessities of life.
  • The province is the poorest in the country, with surprising levels of poverty and inequality.
  • The communities under Maoist influence were trimmed from 90 to 180 in 2019.
  • The red corridor states persist in encountering immense political, social, and economic challenges that remain unaddressed.
  • The social network is tiered, with feudal and caste diverges.
  • The tribal societies in the area have vigorous social group discrepancies, who are interested in brutality and bloodshed in specific areas of the site.

The Central States under Red Corridor were Affected by the Naxalite Movement

The Naxalite Group comprises armed executives from India's Communist Party (Maoists). These cover parts of:

  • Red Corridor Chhattisgarh
  • Telangana
  • West Bengal
  • Jharkhand
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Maharashtra
  • Orissa
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Bihar

Red Corridor List - Affected Districts of India

Approximately 70 districts across 10 states are impacted by Naxalist extremism as of June 2021. Check out the complete red corridor list and affected communities below.

State

Count of Districts Affected

Affected Districts

West Bengal

1

Jhargram

Telangana

6

Komaram Bheem Asifabad, Mancherial, Adilabad, Bhadradri Kothagudem, Jayashankar Bhupalpally, Mulugu

Jharkhand

16

Singhbhum, Garhwa, Giridih, Gumla, Hazaribagh, Bokaro, Chatra, Dhanbad, Dumka, East Khunti, Latehar, Lohardaga, Palamu, Ranchi, Saraikela Kharsawan, West Singhbhum

Andhra Pradesh

5

Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam, East Godavari, West Godavari

Madhya Pradesh

3

Mandla, Dindori, Balaghat,

Bihar

10

Banka, Nawada, Aurangabad, Jamui, Munger, Kaimur, Lakhisarai, Gaya, Rohtas, West Champaran

Maharashtra

2

Gadchiroli, Gondia

Chhattisgarh

14

Dhamtari, Kondagaon, Bijapur, Dantewada, Balrampur, Gariyaband, Rajnandgaon, Mahasamund, Kanker, Narayanpur, Bastar, Sukma, Kabirdham, Mungeli

Kerala

3

Palakkad, Malappuram, Wayanad

Odisha

10

Koraput, Malkangiri, Nabrangpur, Bargarh, Bolangir, Kalahandi, Kandhamal, Nuapada, Rayagada, Sundargarh

Total

70

Red Corridor - Economic Situation

The Red Corridor region is one of the poorest areas in the nation. Areas such as Telangana, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, and Orissa are poor and experiencing severe economic inequality.

  • A vital region feature is a non-diversified economy based solely on the primary industry.
  • Agriculture, sometimes increased by mining and forestry, is the mainstay of the economy and often cannot support rapid population growth.
  • The region has substantial natural resources such as minerals, forestry, and possible hydropower capacity.
  • For example, Orissa states that 92% of nickel, 60% of India's bauxite reserves, 28% of manganese reserves, 28% of iron ore, and 25% of coal are layered societies with a caste-federal border.

Important UPSC Topics

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Social Condition of Red Corridor

Much of this area is populated area of tribes (or Adivasi), such as Gond and Santhal. Jharkhand and Bihar have people fighting over caste and tribal differences, and these are affected by brutality associated with tensions between social groups. Both Chattisgarh and Orissa have a fairly poor tribal population.

What is the Odisha Gap in the Red Corridor?

The Red Corridor is deeply impacted by the Nepal border, touching the northernmost tip of Tamil Nadu. However, the coastal and a few central regions of Odisha show the low activity of Naxalite and depict a high literacy rate and financial diversification.

  • It may be better than the states that fall under the red corridor.
  • Still, overall, the indicators for the non-coastal areas of Orissa are significantly lower, and the literacy rate for the entire territory is sufficiently below the national average.
  • The location of the Red Corridor is adjacent to several states and gives Maoists an advantage.
  • Police cooperation is lacking at borders between states and can be easily abused.
  • In addition, Maoists take advantage of differences in state government policies such as capitulation, debate, and policy strategy.

The Red Corridor is a threat to internal security. The movement has professed to defend people's rights, but the region's people are seriously affected.

The government strives to use the resources available to meet the needs of the people in the area.

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FAQs on The Red Corridor States 2022

  • This zone, which includes about 11 states, including central, southern, and eastern India, and is most concentrated in Orissa, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, and Jharkhand, is considered the Red Corridor.

  • The protest of Maoists has been going on for 51 years. The movement has been endorsed at home and abroad and has survived for a long time. Initially, Naxalite was able to secure weapons from the area's people, and then they started stealing police guns and other ammunition from the arsenal. It is the source of the Red Corridor.

  • The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) train the militants of the Red Corridor. Nepal also exchanges local fighters and weapons, strategies and training programs, and many other tactical nuclear weapons.

  • Risks associated with the region range from low levels of civil insecurity to violent rebellions such as the Maoist rebellion. Serious situations may include terrorism that requires the intervention of paramilitary organizations. Special procedures such as secret trials and detention are taken for those who threaten the country's security. It is the government dealing with the situation in the Red Corridor.

  • The Red Corridor suffers from major internal security risks as it is easy to move and allows safe transportation. Dense forest coverage and poor connectivity provide camouflage to this corridor. The Maoists engage in mobile combat beyond what is known as the Naxalite Belt.

  • The red corridor is also referred as the red zone. It is the area where the Naxalite–Maoist rebellion has the strongest existence, i.e., in the central, southern, and eastern, parts of India.

  • The zone, including 11 states, including central, southern, and eastern India, and is most potent in Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, and Jharkhand, comes under the Red Corridor states.

  • The meaning of Red Corridor in Hindi is - लाल गलियारा भारत के पूरब का भाग का एक क्षेत्र है जहाँ नक्सलवादी (साम्यवाद) उग्रवादी ऑर्गनाइज़ेशन क्रियाशील हैं।

  • The Naxalites have repeatedly targeted police, tribal, and government employees for improved land rights and employment for neglected agricultural laborers and the poor. The Naxalite active zones are called the Red Corridor.

  • In Maharashtra, there are 36 districts. 3-Gadchiroli, Gondia, and Chandrapur are highly impacted by the Naxalites and are a part of the red corridor.

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