The Distinguishing Feature of a Federal Government is?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : January 3rd, 2023

a) The national government gives some powers to the provincial governments.

b) Power is distributed among the legislature, executive and judiciary.

c) Elected officials exercise supreme power in the government.

d) Governmental power is divided between different levels of government.

The distinguishing feature of a Federal Government is that power is divided between a central government and various regional governments. The correct option is D. Regarding legislation, taxation, and administration, each level of government, has its own sway or authority. Both governments must approve any changes to the provisions of the Indian constitution.

Distinguishing Feature of a Federal Government

The key distinguishing feature of Federal Government is that power is divided between central and regional governments. Financial independence is also ensured by naming the sources of revenue for each tier of government.

  • Federalism is a fundamental component of the Indian Constitution that cannot be changed or modified.
  • Federalism in India refers to the relationship between the Central and State governments.
  • Different tiers of Government head the same citizens.
  • All Government levels will have to adapt to regional diversity, and harmony in the country has to be stimulated and protected.
  • The Supreme Court possesses the power to settle matters between the state governments.

The legislative powers under the Federal structure of India have been divided into three lists: 

India also grants 'economic federalism' as the state governments have the right to decide upon their finances. The above-mentioned points were some of the distinguishing features of a Federal Government.

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FAQs on Distinguishing Feature of a Federal Government

  • A federal government is distinguished by the division of power between a central government and several regional governments. Each level of government has its own power or influence over legislation, taxes, and administration.

  • The legislative powers under the Federal structure of India have been divided into three lists: Union List, State List, and Concurrent List. Each has its own independent organization.

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  • Yes. The Indian constitution fairly adopts the Federal structure concerning the powers vested in the state. It cannot be changed or ruined through constitutional amendments under the powers of the Parliament without undergoing a check by the Indian Judiciary.

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