The Classical Dance form Kathak originated in which Indian State?

By Mandeep Kumar|Updated : July 25th, 2022

Kathak is one of the main genres of Indian classical dance that originated in Uttar Pradesh. The three specific forms of Kathak dance are the Lucknow Gharana, the Jaipur Gharana, and the Benaras Gharana. The roots of this dance lie in the Sanskrit Hindu text ‘Natya Shastra’ written by ancient Indian musicologist and theatrologist Bharata Muni.

Answer: Kathak is a classical dance form of the state of Uttar Pradesh.

The costumes of the Kathak dance vary among the Hindu culture and Muslim culture. In Hindu culture, the female Kathak performer wears a saree, blouse, scarf, and jewelry typically of gold for face, ear, neck, hand, wrist, and ankle. On the other hand, in the Muslim culture, costumes for female Kathak dancers include skirts, churidar pajamas, a scarf, a long coat covering the hands and the upper body, and light jewelry.

More About Kathak Dance

Some key points pertinent to Kathak Dance are:

  • The word ‘Kathak’ is derived from the Vedic Sanskrit word Katha which means "story".

  • The dancers who perform Kathak communicate stories through their hand movements, footwork, body movements, and through their facial expressions.

  • The instruments that go with Kathak are tabla and sarangi or harmonium with manjira.

  • This dance form evolves during the Bhakti movement.

  • During the period of Mughal rule, Kathak dance performances include Urdu Ghazals.


The Classical Dance form Kathak originated in which Indian State?

Kathak dance form originated in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Apart from Kathak, the other Indian Classical Dance forms are Bharatnatyam, Kathakali, Kuchipudi, Manipuri, Mohiniattam, and Odissi.

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