The Champaran Movement
- Champaran, a small district in Bihar, has substantial zamindari lands under the control of powerful and affluent landowners. The zamindars leased out most of the villages to the thikadars, who were mainly European indigo planters. Although the planters had just a brief lease, they had many privileges over the peasants and demanded rent from them.
- A tinkathia system existed in Champaran, wherein three kathas of land had to be planted with indigo. The farmers could not produce enough food for themselves, nor did they receive enough payment for the indigo they had planted.
- Gandhiji had so committed to addressing the issue of agricultural labor. 1917 saw his arrival in Champaran, where he made several new friends. However, he had received a directive stating that he had to leave the area immediately or face arrest. Gandhiji remained in Champaran to address the problem because his nonviolent attitude caused the government to drop the case.
The Champaran movement was against _____?
The Champaran campaign was against the indigo planters, starting in 1917 after Mahatma Gandhi's visit. After Mahatma Gandhi's visit in 1917, the Champaran agitation was begun against the indigo planters.