Teaching: Teaching is an activity that influences a learner to learn and acquire desired knowledge and skills and also their desired ways of living in society. It is a process in which the learner, teacher and other variables are organized in a systematic way to attain some predetermined goals.
1. Models of teaching
a. Pedagogy model: In this method, the teacher, more or less, controls the material to be learned and the pace of learning while presenting the course content to the students. It is also called instructor-centred approach. In this, the learner is dependent upon the instructor for all learning.
b. Andragogical model: In this model, the learner is mostly self-directed and is responsible for his or her own learning. In this method, the instructors facilitate the learning of participants and help them by offering opportunities to learn themselves and acquire new knowledge.
Question No. 1. Which of the model is known as an instructor-centred approach?
Ans: Pedagogy model
Solution: In Pedagogy model, the teacher, more or less, controls the material to be learned and the pace of learning while presenting the course content to the students. It is also called instructor-centred approach.
2. Objectives of teaching
A good objective should be specific, outcome-based and measurable. The objectives of teaching and learning must integrate at the end of the instruction. The objectives of teaching are:
- To bring desired changes in students' attitude.
- To shape behaviour and conduct.
- Acquisition of knowledge.
- To improve the learning skills of students.
- Formation of belief.
- To become a social & efficient member of society.
Question 2. Effective teaching is a function of:
(A) Teacher’s satisfaction
(B) Teacher’s honesty and commitment
(C) Teacher’s making students learn and understand
(D) Teacher’s liking for professional excellence
Solution: Teacher’s satisfaction, honesty and commitment are also essential elements but for effective teaching, the aim of every teacher is to make students learn and understand the concepts/topics.
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