Superlatives of India - List of the Biggest, Highest, Smallest and Largest Things

By K Balaji|Updated : November 24th, 2022

India is a vast land with several astonishing things, from famous monuments to long-running roads that connect the two ends of the country. Facts on the superlatives of India have been commonly asked in the UPSC Prelims and UPSC Mains, like the longest railway platform, tallest waterfall, or the largest state with the maximum number of neighboring states.

Thus, aspirants need to possess a piece of knowledge about the superlatives of India such as the biggest, smallest, highest, and largest things in India. Below you will find the list of the largest, smallest, biggest, highest, and longest bridges, roads, rail routes, coasts, borders, states, dams, lakes, water bodies, and man-made structures.

Table of Content

Superlatives of India

The superlatives of India include the extremes of geography, like the tallest, longest, biggest, smallest, and highest things in India.

Superlatives of India PDF

Along with the naturally occurring structures in India, there are structures built by humans since old times that display great artwork and act as a centre of attraction for tourism. Some of these structures were built in ancient times, while others are new.

List of the Longest, Tallest, Largest and Smallest Things in India

The list of the longest, tallest, largest and smallest things in India belonging to different categories is given in the tables below-

Longest, Tallest, Largest and Smallest Bridges, Roads, and Rail Routes in India-

Indian bridges, roads, and rail routes are the fascinating network built by the Indian railways to connect the country’s breadth and length. Among all, the Bogibeel bridge is India’s longest rail cum road bridge. Here is the list of the longest, tallest, and biggest bridges, roads, and rail routes-

Quality

Category

Description

Biggest

Cantilever bridge

Rabindra Setu (Howrah Bridge), Kolkata

Tallest (Highest)

Road

Leh- Manali at Khardungla, (Jammu and Kashmir)

Largest

Share of national highway

Uttar Pradesh (8483 km)

Largest

Road density (KM per unit Area)

Kerala (5268 km/km2)

Largest

Road Network (state)

Maharashtra ( 6.08 lakhs km)

Largest

Sea Bridge

Anna Indira Gandhi Bridge (Tamil Nadu)

Longest

longest Elevated Expressway

Chennai Port Maduravoyal Elevated Expressway

Longest

Which State has the Longest Highway

Uttar Pradesh (752 km)

Longest

Electric railway line

From Delhi to Kolkata via Patna (1532 km)

Longest

Road

Grand Trunk road from Delhi to Kolkata. (2500 km; one of the oldest roads in Asia).

Longest

National Highway

● NH-44 (Srinagar to Kanyakumari, 3745 KM)

Longest

Railway Tunnel

Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel (11.215 km), Jammu & Kashmir

Longest

Railway platform

Gorakhpur, UP (1355.4m)

Longest

Highway Tunnel

Chenani-Nashri Tunnel( also known as Patnitop Tunnel, 11.2 Km ) on NH44, Jammu & Kashmir

Longest

Train Route

Vivek Express, Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari (4286 km)

Longest

Railway Bridge

Vembanad Rail Bridge, Kerala

Longest

Sea bridge

Bandra Worli Sea Link on Mahim bay, Mumbai (5.6km)

Longest

Bridge/ River Bridge

Dhola Sadiya Bridge on Lohit river, Assam (also known as Bhupen Hazarika Setu, 9.15km)

Longest, Tallest, Largest and Smallest Coasts, Borders, and States-

As per the population, India is the 2nd most populated country in the world. It has a vast area divided into 27 states and 9 union territories with varying populations. Some have small areas while the few ones are least populated. The list of the longest, tallest, biggest, smallest coasts, borders, and states is as follows-

Quality

Category

Description

Smallest

State (Least Urbanized)

Himachal Pradesh (10%)

Smallest

State (Population Growth Rate)

Sikkim (12.89%)

Smallest

State (Population Density)

Bihar (1,106 per sq km)

Smallest

State (Sex Ratio)

Haryana (879)

Smallest

State (Population)

Sikkim (6.1 lakh)

Smallest

State (Area)

Rajasthan (3.42 Lakh km2)

Tallest (highest)

Battlefield

Siachen Glacier, Jammu and Kashmir

Largest

State (Most Urbanized)

Goa (62%)

Largest

State (Population growth rate)

Meghalaya (27.95%)

Largest

State (Sex Ratio)

Kerala (1084)

Largest

State (Literacy Rate)

Kerala (94%)

Largest

State (Population Density)

Bihar (1,106 per sq km)

Largest

State (Population)

Uttar Pradesh (204 million)

Largest

State (Area)

Rajasthan (3.42 Lakh km2)

Largest

State with the maximum number of the neighbouring state

Uttar Pradesh (8 states)

Largest

State with the maximum number of international borders

Arunachal Pradesh (3 Countries)> West Bengal (3 Countries) > Sikkim (3 Countries)

Longest

International Border (State)

West Bengal (2509 km)

Longest

Coastline (South Indian State)

Andhra Pradesh (974 km)

Longest

Coastline (State)

Gujarat (1600 km)

Longest, Tallest, Largest and Smallest man-made structures-

India has several monuments and other man-made structures that defy the expectations of what humans can build and sometimes the laws of physics. They are complex, too detailed, and a unique piece of art. The list of the longest, tallest, biggest man-made structures is as follows-

Quality

Category

Description

Biggest

Hotel

Oberoi-Sheraton (Mumbai)

Biggest

Stadium

Yuva Bharti Stadium, Salt Lake, Kolkata

Tallest

Straight Gravity Dam

Bhakra Dam on Satluj river, Himachal Pradesh

Tallest

Civilian Award

Bharat Ratna

Tallest

Airport

Leh airport, J&K

Tallest

Statue

Statue of Unity (statue of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel), Kevadia, Gujarat

Tallest

Gateway

Buland Darwaza, Fatehpur Sikri, UP

Tallest

Dam

Tehri Dam on Bhagirathi River, Uttarakhand (Height 260 m)

Largest

Monastery



Tawang Monastery, Arunachal Pradesh

Largest

Church

Saint Cathedral (Goa)

Largest

Port

Mumbai (Maharashtra)

Largest

Animal Fair

Sonepur (Bihar)

Largest

Zoo

Zoological Gardens, Alipur, Kolkata

Largest

Gurudwara

Golden Temple, Amritsar

Largest

Cave

Amarnath (J & K)

Largest

Public Sector Bank

State Bank of India

Largest

Museum

Indian Museum, Kolkata

Largest

Planetarium

Birla Planetarium, Kolkata

Largest

Dome

Gol Gumbaz, Bijapur, Karnataka

Largest

Temple

Sri Ranganathaswamy temple, Tamil Nadu

Largest

Auditorium

Auditorium

Sri Shanmukhanand Hall, Mumbai

Longest

Longest Corridor

Corridor of Ramanathaswamy Temple at Rameswaram (Tamil Nadu)

Longest, Tallest, Largest and Smallest dam, lakes, and water bodies-

India is surrounded by water from three sides. Water bodies and lakes are naturally occurring geographical features. Dams are built on the water bodies as it provides huge social, environmental, and economic benefits, including hydroelectric power, wildlife habitat, recreation etc. Some of them are big, while others are small. Here is a list of the largest, tallest, and longest dams, lakes and water bodies-

Quality

Category

Description

Largest

Barrage

Farakka Barrage, Ganga

Largest

Artificial Freshwater lake

Shivaji Sagar lake on Koyna Dam, Maharashtra. (891 km2)

Largest

Freshwater lake

Wular lake, J&K. ( 260 km2)

Largest

Saltwater lake

Sambhar lake, Rajasthan

Largest

Brackish (Partial Saline) water lake

Chilika Lake, Odisha

Largest

Lake

Chilka Lake, Odisha (Chilika Lake is the largest non-freshwater lake in India and the world's second-largest brackish lagoon)

Tallest (highest)

Tower

Pitampura Tower, Delhi

 

Lake

Tso-Lhamo Lake, Sikkim (Height 5330m)

Longest

Lake

Vembanad lake, Kerala ( length 96.5 KM)

Longest

Man-Made lake

Govind Vallabh Pant Sagar (Rihand Dam, 934m), UP.

Longest

Dam

Hirakud Dam on Mahanadi River, Odisha (25.8 km)

Longest

Glacier

Siachen Glacier, Ladakh, J&K.

Longest

Beach

Marina Beach (Chennai)

Longest

Canal

Indira Gandhi Canal, Rajasthan (Source Harike barrage, Punjab)

Tallest, biggest, largest, and longest natural resources in India-

Natural resources are not only a source of raw materials, food or fuel, but it also contributes towards the income, fiscal revenue, and poverty reduction. The natural resources in India includes islands, waterfalls, peaks, deserts, etc. The list of the tallest, biggest, largest, and longest natural resources is as follows-

Quality

Category

Description

Biggest

Riverine Island

Majuli island on Brahmaputra River, Assam

Biggest

Most Populous city

Mumbai

Tallest (highest)

Waterfall

Kunchikal Falls, Varahi River, Karnataka

Tallest (highest)

Mountain peak

Godwin Austin of, Karakoram Range, J&K (8611 m)

Largest

State with a maximum percentage of Forest area

Mizoram (about 75%)

Largest

State with Maximum Forest Area

Madhya Pradesh ( 94 K km2)

Largest

Delta

Sundarban Delta (on the mouth of Ganga – Brahmaputra River)

Largest

Desert

The Thar Desert, Northwestern India (2 lakhs km2)

Longest

The longest river which forms an estuary

Narmada ( Falls in the Arabian sea,1300 km)

Longest

Tributary river of India

Yamuna (1376 km, tributary of Ganga)

Longest

River(India)

The Ganga (2640 km. long)

Longest

Longest River which Flows entirely in India

Godavari river ( 1465 km)

 

Important Notes for UPSC
Environmental ConventionsTsunami
Reserve Bank of IndiaPrinciples of Natural Justice
Golaknath CaseCold War
Pardoning Power of PresidentWoods Dispatch 1854
Difference Between Vidhan Sabha and Vidhan ParishadDifference Between Viceroy and Governor-General

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FAQs on Superlatives of India

  • The Superlatives in India include the largest, smallest, biggest, highest, and longest bridges, roads, rail routes, coasts, borders, states, dams, lakes, water bodies, and man-made structures. E.g. the Statue of Unity is the tallest statue in India, Gujarat is the longest Coastline (State), etc.

  • The largest state in India is Rajasthan (in terms of area). Rajasthan covers an area of 3,42,239 sq.Km. i.e., 10.4% of the country's total area, while the most populous state is Uttar Pradesh, followed by Maharashtra and Bihar. The largest union territory of India is Jammu and Kashmir.

  • The tallest airport in India is the Kushok Bakula Rimpochee Airport, the domestic airport of Leh in Ladakh. The airport's altitude is 3256 m, i.e., 10682 ft, and the longest runway measures of the airport are 2755 m, i.e., 9039 ft.

  • The smallest Union Territory in India is Lakshadweep. It consists of 36 islands with 10 inhabited islands, 5 submerged banks, 3 reefs, and 12 atolls. The 36 islands cover an area of 32 sq. km.

  • The largest physical division of India is the Peninsular Plateau Region. The area of the Peninsular Plateau region is 16 lakh sq. km. It is bounded by the Eastern Ghats in the east, the Western Ghats in the west, Rajmahal hills and Hazaribagh in the northeast, Maikal ranges in the north, and Aravallis in the northwest.

  • Dhebar Lake, or Jaisamand Lake, is the smallest man-made lake in India. It is India's first and the world's oldest lake, located in the Udaipur District of Rajasthan State in western India, and covers an area of 87 km2.

  • Pitampura Tower, Delhi, is the tallest tower in India. It is a 235-metre-tall television tower located in Pitam Pura. This tower was built in 1988. Later, the tower was dedicated to the country as the Dr B. R. Ambedkar TV Tower in 1992.

  • Kachchi Dargah Bidupur Ganga Bridge is the longest bridge in India. The total length of the bridge is 9760 m. The bridge carries six lanes of roadways on each side and crosses the Ganga River. The bridge will connect two major national highways linking NH 31 to NH 322.

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