Day -9:Study Notes on Important terms on ICT for Paper-1

By Ashwani Tyagi|Updated : July 27th, 2021


In the coming days, we will cover all the Important terms from A-Z that are relevant from the paper-1 point of view. Ream them thoroughly. Keep reading and working hard because UGC NET Exam dates could be announced anytime.


  • It is a small java application or a Java-enabled web browser.


  • The computer software that performs a task or set of tasks, such as word processing or drawing. Applications are also referred to as programs.


  • Full form of ASCII is the American Standard Code for Information Interchange.
  • It makes the computer understand by converting instructions hat are typed through keyborard into binary.


  • It is the capacity of a networked connection.
  • It determines how much data can be sent through the networked wires.
  • Greater Bandwith means faster will be the download for the user.

Binary code

  • It comprises of only 0s and 1s.
  • It is the basic language that the computer understands.
  • The computer deciphers the code to form letters, numbers, symbols and punctuation marks.


  • It is the computer information that is smallest.
  • It is either the number 0 or 1.
  • They are called binary digits.


  • It means to start a computer.
  • Cold boot means after the power is turned off then restarting the computer.
  • Warm boot means without turning off the power restarting the computer.


  • It is software used for navigating the Internet.
  • Example: Firefox, Google Chrome, Microsoft Internet Explorer and Netscape Navigator.
  • These are the most most popular browsers today for accessing the World Wide Web or internet.


  • It is a malfunction due to an error in the program or a defect in the equipment.


  • Most of the computer use bytes, the combination of eight bits to represent once the character of instructions or data.
  • For example, the word Elephant has 7 characters, and it would be represented by 7 bytes.


  • It is the small data-storage memory areas that computer use to quickly re-access data.
  • Through this, the computer quickly accesses the data instead of going to the original source such as a hard drive. 
  • Browsers use a cache to store web pages so that the user may view them again without reconnecting to the Web.


  • It is an optically read disc designed to hold information such as material, movies, songs, or computer software.
  • A single CD-ROM can hold around 640MB of data.
  • Most of the software that we use today are delivered on CD-ROM.


  • A text file sent by a Web server that is stored on the hard drive of a computer and relays back to the Web server things about the user, his or her computer, and/or his or her computer activities.


  • Full form CPU is Central Processing Unit.
  • It is the brain of the computer.

We hope you all understood the Important Term related to ICT for paper-1.

Thank you.

Posted by:

Ashwani TyagiAshwani TyagiMember since Jun 2020
UGC NET Qualified 3 times (history)
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Fazila Bashir
Nice content 😊
Bholanath Halder
Sir , please try to provide or post the KSET genaral paper 2021 and answer key .

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