Statement & Conclusion, Study Notes, Material - KVS (PRT & TGT)

By Ashish|Updated : August 31st, 2021

In this article, we should be related to  Statement & Conclusion, Important for KVS exam.

The Reasoning section of every competitive exam includes questions from the topic “Statement & Conclusion”. This topic is considered to be quite important and every year a good number of questions are asked about this topic. It is considered to be a very scoring topic. We are providing you with all the important tools to solve Statement & Conclusion questions easily and accurately.

 

 

Statement and Conclusions:

A statement is a group of words arranged to form a meaningful sentence. A conclusion is a judgment or decision reached after consideration of the given statement.

The different types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows.

  • One statement with Two Conclusion Based
  • More than Two Statements and Conclusion Based

A conclusion is an opinion or decision that is formed after a period of thought or research on some facts or sentence stated by someone. A consequent effect has always to be analyzed before reaching the final result or conclusion of a given premise. This requires a very systematic and logical approach.

Example:

Statement: Some people say that good thought comes in their mind in the morning.

Conclusion: Thoughts come to mind, in the morning only.

Now, consider the statement, the word ‘some’ used in the statement does not mean ‘all’. It means some people say not all. Hence, according to some people, good thoughts come in their mind in the morning but thoughts can come at any time in the mind of other people, so, the conclusion that ‘thoughts come to mind, in the morning only is not valid. Also, the word used ‘only’ makes the conclusion totally invalid because it restricts that the thought can come only in the morning.

To reach a conclusion think only about the information given in the statement. There is no need to use, assume anything else or add any further or extra information from outside but the established facts cannot be denied like the  Sun always rises in the East, a day consists of 24 h, etc.

Memory Add-ons

  • If the statement is formed with two or more sentences, then there should be no mutual contradiction in the sentence.
  • Statements and conclusions should not go against established facts and prevailing notorious of truth.
  • If definitive words like all, always, at least, only, exactly, and so on are used, then such words make the conclusion invalid or ambiguous.
  • Always read very carefully and try to find keywords as keywords play an important role in analyzing valid and invalid conclusions.
  • If the conclusion is provided with a stated example, then the conclusion is invalid.

These are several types of questions that are asked from this section in different exams. So, here we have classified the problems into two types which are explained below.

Type 1: One Statement with two Conclusions Based.

In these types of questions, a statement is given followed by two conclusions. the candidate is required to find out which of conclusion follows the given statement and select the correct option accordingly. The following examples will give a better understanding of the type of questions asked.

Directions ( 1 – 2): In each of the following questions, a statement is followed by two Conclusions I and II.

 Give answer

(a) if only Conclusion I follows

(b) if only Conclusion II follows

(c) if either I or II follows

(d) if neither I nor II follows

Ex 1: Statement: Parents are prepared to pay any price for elite education to their children.

Conclusion

I. All parents these days are very well off.

II.  Parents have an obsessive passion for the perfect development of their children through good schooling.

Solution: (b)

It may be the conclusion from the statement that since parents want a perfect development of their children through good schooling therefore they are prepared to pay any price for a good education but the statement does not give a sense of the parents being very well off. Hence, only conclusion II follows.

Ex 2 : Statement: The interview panel may select a student who is neither possessing the abilities of desired level nor any value and assumption.

Conclusions

I. Inclusion of experts in the interview panel does not ensure that the selection will be made properly.

II. Interview procedure of admission has some limitations.

Solution: 

The statement clearly means that the inclusion of experts does not ensure proper selection. It also indicates the limitation of the interview procedure for admission. Here, both the conclusions follow.

Type 2:  More Than Two Statements and Conclusion Based

In this type of question, a statement/statements I / are given followed by some conclusion. Choose the conclusion which follows the given statement.

Directions (1 - 2): Which of the conclusion can be drawn from the statement?

Ex 1: Statement: Many business offices located in buildings having two to eight floors. If a building has more than three floors, it has a lift.

Conclusions:

(a) All floors may be reached by lifts

(b) Only floors above the third floor have lifts

(c) The fifth floor has lifts

(d) Second floors do not have lifts

Solution: (c)

It is clear from the given statement.

Ex 2: Statements

Karan Johar is a good director.

Directors are intelligent.

Conclusions:

(a) All intelligent are directors

(b) Karan Johar is intelligent

(c) Both (a) and (b)

(d) None of these

Solution: (b)

As directions are intelligent and Karan Johar is a good director, so Karan Johar is intelligent.

This article tends to be beneficial for the following exams - REETUPTETCTETSuper TETDSSSBKVS, etc.
 
You may refer to the following books:
 
Serial No.Book NameAuthor Name
1.A New Approach to Reasoning Verbal & Non-VerbalB.S. Sijwalii and Indu Sijwali
2.How to Crack Test Of Reasoning- REVISED EDITIONJaikishan and Premkishan
3.Logical and Analytical Reasoning (Useful for All Competitive Exams)A K Gupta

Note: All the study notes are available in Hindi as well as the English language. Click on A/अ to change the language.

 

Thanks!

Sahi Prep hai toh Life Set hai

Posted by:

AshishAshishMember since Nov 2015
Ashish is a management professional with more than 4 years of experience as Mentor in Education sector. Currently working as Community Manager of Teaching exams category at Gradeup. He helps to provide quality content and solves the doubt of aspirants preparing for the exams. His email address is ashish@gradeup.co.
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Chandani Patel
CTET exam kb hoga sir
Deepa Tiwari

Deepa TiwariSep 10, 2020

Sir REET 3rd level exam kya other states k students de skte h
Ritu Bhardwaj
Sir ctet exam kab hoga, plz tell me
Suman

SumanSep 14, 2020

Ctet K liye Hindi me quiz available nhi h kya sir
Muid

MuidMar 20, 2021

Dog =1/2
Then Horses= ?
Pls give me ans with details
Dilpreet87 Kaur
Good evening🌹🌹🌹🌹🌹
Shraddha

ShraddhaApr 11, 2021

Please explain me
Priyanka Rav

Priyanka RavApr 11, 2021

Sir hindi me notes bnaya kijiye please
Anjali

AnjaliApr 14, 2021

🤞good explanation nd example too ☺️

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CTET & Teaching

TETCTETSuper TETUP Jr. TeacherUPTETUP TeacherDSSSBKVSREETHTETExamsTestMeghalaya TET 2021UPPSC GIC Lecturer
tags :CTET & TeachingReasoningKVS Exams OverviewKVS Exams VacancyKVS Exams EligibilityKVS Exams SalaryKVS Exams Syllabus

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