State any five physical properties of metals and five physical properties of non-metals.

By Ritesh|Updated : November 14th, 2022

The physical properties of metals are - it is ductile and malleable, good conductors of electricity and heat, and is lustrous in nature. The physical properties of non-metals are - it is brittle in nature, bad conductors of electricity and heat, and nonlustrous.

Five physical properties of Metals

The following are the physical qualities of metals:

  • Metals are ductile and malleable.
  • Metals are efficient heat and electrical conductors.
  • Metals can be polished and are lustrous (shiny).
  • Metals at normal temperature are solids (except mercury, which is liquid).
  • Metals are resilient and powerful.

Chemical Properties of metals -

  1. prone to corrosion
  2. possible electron loss
  3. creating basic oxides
  4. possess a low electronegativity
  5. Good reducing substances

Five physical properties of Non-metals

  • The non-metal world is fragile. They are neither ductile nor malleable.
  • Non-metals are poor heat and electrical conductors (except graphite).
  • Non-metals are dull and cannot be polished because they lackluster (except iodine).
  • At room temperature, non-metals can exist as solids, liquids, or gases.
  • Non-metals lack both toughness and strength.

Chemical properties of non-metals -

  1. In the outer shell, there are typically 4 - 8 electrons.
  2. simple acquisition or loss of valence electrons
  3. whenever they come into touch with oxygen, they produce acidic oxides.
  4. Extremely electronegative substances
  5. excellent oxidizers

Summary:

State any five physical properties of metals and five physical properties of non-metals.

Metals have ductile and malleable physical characteristics, are excellent heat and electricity conductors, and are naturally shiny. Non-metal physical characteristics include brittleness, poor heat and electrical conductivity, and lack of luster.

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