By : Neha Uppal
Updated : Nov 2, 2020, 15:56
English Grammar questions form an important portion of SSC and government exams. Direct and Indirect Speech is a common type of question on this topic. It is also highly scoring if you are aware of all the rules and methods of the subject. Direct and Indirect Speech is asked in SSC related exams like SSC CGL and SSC CPO, among others.
It can be useful to polish your Direct and Indirect speech for multiple types of questions like Reported Speech and Error Spotting. Some questions can be straightforward, and some others can be tricky. Make it a point to have your basics clear on Direct and Indirect Speech conversion.
There is no direct and indirect speech formula; you’ll have to memorise the concept and rules of direct and indirect speech. Have a look at the chart below.
1. Change of tense of reporting verb
When you convert the tense, you must be careful to change the present tense to the past tense as per the type of verb.
Present Simple becomes Past Simple
Present Continuous becomes Past Continuous
Past Simple becomes past perfect simple, and so on.
2. Change of time and place
The time and place must be changed in the indirect speech to depict the actual time or place. For example-
“now” becomes “then.”
“today” becomes “that day.”
“here” becomes “there.”
“come” becomes “go.”
3. Change of pronouns
The distinction should be clear between first person, second person and a third person who is reported.
If the speaker and the reported person are the same in the first person, the pronoun remains the first person.
4. Change of sentence structure
You must adjust the sentence structure according to the subject and object in the sentence. Usage of connectors like “that”, “if”, “whether” is important as per the context.
5. Removal of speech indicators
The main difference between Direct and Indirect Speech is the usage of apostrophes. You must remove speech markers in Indirect speech and accordingly change the sentence structure.
6. Tenses that remain unchanged
The future tense remains unchanged if the reporting verb is in the future tense. Same goes for the present tense.
7. Change in Modal Verbs
This can be tricky, but you should mostly stick to the past tense of the verbs and note the special cases. For example-
“will/shall” becomes “would”
“can/may” becomes “could” and so on.
You can download direct and indirect speech questions pdf from BYJU'S Exam Prep for your practice.
Objective General English
S. P. Bakshi
A Mirror of Common Errors
A. K. Singh
A. K. Singh
Plinth to Paramount
BYJU'S Exam Prep is an online portal which can be your one shot destination to all your preparation resources. You can find questions and Direct Indirect SSC quizzes that you need to prepare for. There are detailed concept maps and tables to polish Direct and Indirect Speech conversion. You can also use the test series and previous papers to test yourself regularly. BYJU'S Exam Prep has direct indirect SSC quizzes for you to test your skills. Detailed videos are made to clarify difficult concepts. A team of experts and teachers are always ready to help you out in case of any confusion or distress.
Ans- To change direct speech to indirect speech, you must understand the tense and verbs in the direct sentences and accordingly convert to the corresponding indirect form.
Ans- To improve your knowledge of Direct and Indirect speech, you must start with a book which explains the basics to you with examples, and then keep practising direct and indirect speech quiz for SSC.
Ans- The main difference between the two types of speeches is the usage of apostrophes. As the names suggest, in Direct speech, the entire spoken sentence is copied word for word. In indirect speech, the speaker tells you the same thing in a reporting sense.
Ans- These questions are prevalent in many competitive exams like SSC, banking and government exams.
Ans- Direct and Indirect speech is useful to write correct sentences while reporting at the incident. It is very useful when you want to narrate stories from a different time or someone else’s perspective.