Analogy Study Notes for SSC and Railways Exams

By : Neha Uppal

Updated : Oct 30, 2020, 18:18

Analogy means similarity or similar relationships between two things. The word Analogy has been derived from two different words, which are  "Ana" means relation "Logus", which means knowledge. Here we will study the similar conditions shared by two things, based on the similar features of two things.

The important SSC exams for various posts conducted in the country are SSC CGL, SSC JE, SSC GD, SSC Stenographer, SSC JHT, SSC CPO, SSC MTS, SSC CHSL. Some of the important railway recruitment exams are RRB JE, RRB NTPC, RRB Group D, RRB ALP and Technician, Assistant Station Master, ECRC, Section Engineer, Goods Guard, Assistant Manager, Railway Services Grades, Railway Engineer.

Before knowing much about Reasoning Analogy we will discuss below the types of Analogy.

Analogy Topics for SSC Exam

Semantic Analogy

Analogy which plays with words. In semantic analogy, similar nature of words is to be linked with one another.

Number Analogy

There will be some pattern given in the question and on the basis of a given pattern, the answer has to be found out.

Figural Analogy

Here, candidates are asked to select the correct figure based on the pattern given in the question.

Alphabetical/ word Analogy(Odd One Out)

An analogy where candidates need to find odd words or alphabet from the given group.

Solving analogy questions based on these types mentioned above will give a brief idea about the analogy. Once an aspirant starts solving analogy questions, they feel it to be interesting and quite easy. 

There are 3-4 questions of analogy for SSC exam, and 3 questions for Railways exam. Analogy problems in SSC exam vary from easy to moderate. Aspirants can easily score full marks in analogy if they have practised more questions and are well versed about analogy rules and patterns of questions.

Analogy Tricks for SSC Exams

  • The candidate needs to observe analogy questions carefully to analyse the pattern. If the pattern is understood, then it takes seconds to get the correct answer.
  • If the candidate is not able to understand the pattern of the analogy, then he/she needs to check the options given. Based on options given and the questions, the candidate would be able to get the answer. 
  • For questions based on numbers, BODMAS and basic maths functions must be known.
  • Basic knowledge of GK is also required.

Importance of Analogy

  1. Analogy increases the ability of a person for quick decision making.
  2. Analogy is the easiest reasoning topic, so one can easily score full marks.
  3. Analogy helps in making choices and predictions.
  4. Analogy helps in finding solutions for problems in daily life.

Most recommended books for Analogy

Book Name


A new approach to Logical Reasoning

B.S Siwali, Indu Sijwali

Verbal Reasoning 

R.S Aggarwal

SSC Reasoning Chapterwise

S.N Prasad

Lucent Reasoning

Arihant Publication

Why Analogy from BYJU'S Exam Prep?

BYJU'S Exam Prep is the best platform to study for SSC, Railways and other Govt. Exams. There is a comprehensive analogy syllabus for SSC exam on BYJU'S Exam Prep. It provides questions and answers pdf for SSC exams, daily quizzes, online test series, and extensive practice sets which help the candidate to practice more and more.

BYJU'S Exam Prep also provides important notes on analogy for SSC exam and important formulas of analogy for SSC exam to understand analogy in a detailed manner. It also provides interaction facility with teachers and experts and among other aspirants.

The analogy becomes quite easy after studying from BYJU'S Exam Prep.

Examples of Reasoning Analogy:

  1.   Court : Justice :: School : ?
  2. Teacher     b. Student    c. Education    d. Principal

Answer : The correct answer is option c.

  1.     Weight : Kilogram
  2.   Second : Hours                            b. Mile : Length
  3.   Temperature : Kelvin                   d. Pressure : Watt

Answer:   The correct answer is option c

  1.     EGIK : LJHF :: SUWY: ?
  2.     ZXVT           b.       TVXZ         c. LNPR          d. MOQ

 Answer:    The correct answer is option a.


There are various types of Govt. exams conducted every year. Lakhs of aspirants participate in the exams. To crack these exams, a strategy is needed to be followed by the candidates. These exams are not difficult if the candidate has put his/ her efforts on continuous practice. Continuous practice is the key to crack these exams. Analogy is the easiest topic in Govt. Exams. Candidates can score full marks if they have practised a lot, and are well versed about the topics in detail.

BYJU'S Exam Prep is the best place to prepare for the SSC exam and all other Govt. Exams. Study about the Analogy for SSC in a detailed manner, with step by step solutions of all problems at BYJU'S Exam Prep. Download the BYJU'S Exam Prep app and get hassle-free access to all the study materials.

Frequently Asked Questions:

1. What is Analogy?

An analogy is the criteria to find the similarity or comparison between two things.

2. What is the use of Analogy?

People interact, visualise and develop their ideas using analogies. It further helps scientists in their discoveries by forming hypotheses.

3. What are the problems with using Analogy in Reasoning?

Analogies help in shaping an argument, but it may sometime mislead. It may easily take us to the conclusion, but the conclusion may or may not be the right one. Sometimes no decision is possible based on Analogies.

4. What are the types of Analogy?

  • Opposite Analogy
  • Object and classification Analogy
  • Object and Related Object Analogy
  • Cause and effect Analogy
  • Problem and Solution Analogy

5. From where SSC Analogy questions can be practised?

There are various links and sources for getting analogies questions but from GRADEUP we can get all study material easily.