Skill India Mission: Features & Objectives of Skill India Mission

By K Balaji|Updated : October 27th, 2022

Skill India Mission was a Government Scheme that was launched in 2015. This mission has various skilling schemes covered under it. The goal of this mission is to enhance the skill of the youth that will make them eligible for various opportunities in the relevant sector. Skill India Mission also aims to improve the productivity of youth. India’s workforce readiness has been the lowest in the world, and the Skill India Mission has the ability to convert the young population into human capital.

Questions related to Skill India Mission can be asked in the various competitive exams, including UPSC. In this article, we have covered the Skill India Mission UPSC Notes that would help the aspirants during their preparation.

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What is Skill India Mission?

The advancement of technology has led to the creation of various types of jobs that require special skills. India is among one of the youngest nations in the world, as it has the average Indian is 29 years.

>> Skill India Mission UPSC Notes

  • India has the potential to convert this young population into human capital if given the right attention and education.
  • As per the 2015 report of the National Policy on Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, only 4.7% of the total workforce of India has gone through formal skill training. The number of 52% in the US, 96% in South Korea, and 80% in Japan. That is where the need for the Skill India Mission arises.
  • The Skill India Mission will improve the skill development administration in the country, which will enhance the skill of the youth and make them ready for various sectors.

Skill India Mission Objectives

The main objective of Skill India Mission is to offer market-relevant skill training to more than 40 crore young people by the end of 2022.

  • This mission is all set to create ample opportunities for the development of talent in India for youth.
  • Skill India Mission will close the gap between the skill people possess and the skills required by the industries for their operation.
  • Reducing poverty in India
  • It would upskill the Indian youth to take on the world resources market.
  • Skill India Mission also aims to offer opportunities for lifelong learning and skill development.
  • Building skills in youth that would actually help them in their career rather than giving them mere qualifications.

Features of Skill India Mission

There have been various skills development programs in India previously. But here are some features of Skill India Mission that set it apart from the previous skill development schemes.

  • Improve the employability of the youth so that they can get jobs and boost entrepreneurship among them.
  • New domains will be given importance under the Skill India Mission.
  • The training would be of international standards that would make the youth not only ready for India but also for international markets.
  • The course methods in Skill India Mission would be innovative and unconditional, which would make things easier and more interesting for the learner to learn.

Need of Skill India Mission

The unemployment rate has increased rapidly over the past few years. Lack of skills or experience makes it difficult for the youth to adapt to the changing needs of various industries and the marketplace.

  • As per the study of NSDC (Skill Development Council) there will be a need for around 12 crores of skilled manpower across 24 sectors by 2022.
  • Casual workers who contribute 90% of the labor force are poorly skilled, and they need adequate training. The ongoing upskilling programs don’t satisfy their needs.
  • To stay relevant in the market, people need to constantly upgrade their skills, and it becomes a big challenge for them.
  • The current institutes lack infrastructure.
  • The lack of quality trainers is also one of the major obstacles in training institutes.

Sub Schemes under Skill India Mission

The Skill India Mission is an umbrella mission that has multiple schemes under it with specialized focus areas.

National Skill Development Mission (NSDM)- This mission was launched to create an end-to-end framework that would boost the sustainable livelihoods of the citizens and align them with the needs of potential employers.

  • Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)- This scheme aims to encourage the young population of the country to take training and make them ready for industry-relevant demands.
  • PM-YUVA: this is related to entrepreneurship training and education.
  • Skill Loan Scheme- This scheme gives loans ranging from INR 5000 to 1-5 lakhs for those who want to join skill development programs.
  • Other schemes- the ministry implements various schemes in the skill development domain like the ones we have mentioned above. One of the examples is Pradhan Mantri Yuva Udyamita Vikas Abhiyan (PM-YUVA).

Skill India Mission UPSC

The GS Paper-2 and GS Paper-3 of the UPSC Syllabus mention the Skill India Mission which makes this an important topic from the UPSC Exam perspective. Candidates appearing for the upcoming UPSC exam need to have a clear understanding of the Skill India Mission and its importance, need, and significance. Here we have covered Skill India Mission UPSC Notes that would definitely help the candidates in their preparation for this particular topic.

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FAQs on Skill India Mission

  • Skill India Mission is a government initiative that aims to provide adequate training in skills that are in demand in the marketplace to over 40 crore youth by 2022.  It also aims to create ample opportunities for the development of talent within the country.

  • The main objective of the Skill India Mission is to provide training to more than 40 crore youth by the end of 2022 so that they can develop skills that are required for the job market.

  • The Skill India Mission is an umbrella mission that covers multiple schemes and programs with specialized focus areas. The sub-schemes under Skill India include. Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY),  National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015, Skill Loan Scheme, PM-YUVA:, etc.

  • The Skill India Mission is important for making the youth eligible and qualified for various job opportunities in various sectors and also to meet the requirements of industries in changing job markets.

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