Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 7th Oct'21

By Oindrila Banerjee|Updated : October 7th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

Over the last few years, aspirants of competitive examinations have been witnessing new types of questions in almost every examination they take. The questions based on new patterns mostly appear in the English section as the subject provides the maximum scope for experimentation. The examination bodies twist the questions to stimulate the analytical skills of the candidates. However, the basics never change and Vocabulary is one one of the most essential basics of the English language. A sound command over Vocabulary allows you to tackle the questions and solve problems efficiently. 

Our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ aims to help you completely understand the commonly used words with their meanings, pronunciations, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc.

Here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Detail in relief: On SC order on financial assistance to kin of COVID-19 families

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Kin (कुनबा)

  • Pronunciation: kin/ किन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. group of people related by blood or marriage
  • Synonyms: family, kindred, relative
  • Antonyms: unrelated, diverse, nonrelative
  • Usage in a sentence: A kin can be a nominee of an insurance policy.

2. Word: Plight (हालत)

  • Pronunciation: plahyt/प्लाइट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a condition, state, or situation, especially an unfavorable or unfortunate one
  • Synonyms: predicament, quandary, difficulty
  • Antonyms: good fortune, solution, advantage
  • Usage in a sentence: Few of us can be unmoved by the plight of the refugees.

 3. Word: Modality (रूपात्मकता)

  • Pronunciation: moh-dal-i-tee/ मोडैलिटी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a particular mode in which something exists or is experienced or expressed.
  • Synonyms: mode, style, form
  • Usage in a sentence: The dynamic characteristics of vibration system depend mainly on its modality.

4. WordCaveat (चेतावनी)

  • Pronunciation: kav-ee-aht/ कैवीऐट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a warning or proviso of specific stipulations, conditions, or limitations.
  • Synonyms: caution, warning, admonition, notice, alert
  • Antonyms: carelessness, delinquency
  • Usage in a sentence: His investment advice comes with a caveat: that the stock market is impossible to predict with absolute accuracy.

5. Word: Sole (एकमात्र)

  • Pronunciation: sohl/ सोल
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Adjective
  • Meaning
    a. The undersurface of a person's foot [Noun]
    b. one and only [Adjective]
  • Synonyms: single, only, lone, solitary
  • Antonyms: both, together, team
  • Usage in a Sentence: My sole reason for coming here was to see you.

6. Word: Assertiveness (आग्रहिता )

  • Pronunciation: uh-sur-tiv-nes/असर्टिव्नेस
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: confident and forceful behavior.
  • Synonyms: aggressiveness, uncontrollability, forcefulness
  • Antonyms: laziness, meekness, modesty
  • Use in a Sentence: His voice was sharp with greater assertiveness.

7. WordWariness (सावधानी)

  • Pronunciation: wari-ne-ss/वरिनेस्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a feeling that you have to be careful because there may be a danger or problem
  • Synonyms: vigilance , caution , alertness
  • Antonyms: carelessness , negligence
  • Usage in a sentence: Given how destructive cocaine and other narcotics are, wariness of legalization is understandable.

8. Word: Incur (दायित्व देना)

  • Pronunciation: in-kur/इन्कर
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: become subject to (something unwelcome or unpleasant) as a result of one's own behaviour or actions.
  • Synonyms: sustain, acquire, induce
  • Antonyms: avoid, evade, dwindle
  • Usage in a Sentence: Any expenses you may incur will be chargeable to the organisation.

9. WordAttribute (विशेषता)

  • Pronunciation: a-truh-byoot/ ऐट्रब्यूट 
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. regard something as being caused by. (Verb)
    b. a quality or feature regarded as a characteristic or inherent part of someone or something. (Noun)
  • Synonyms: quality, trait, assign, ascribe, peculiarity
  • Antonyms: discredit, stereotype
  • Usage in a sentence: She said she was not going to attribute blame or seek revenge for what had happened.

10Word: Disburse (व्यय करना)

  • Pronunciation: dis-burs/डिस्बर्स
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: pay out (money from a fund).
  • Synonyms: distribute, spend, give
  • Antonyms: gather, deposit
  • Usage in a Sentence: The funds were to be disbursed in three installments.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • kin
  • plight
  • modality
  • caveat 
  • sole

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1assertivenessdistribute
2warinessvigilance
3incurtrait
4disburseaggressiveness
5attributeinduce

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

from BYJU'S Exam Prep

Posted by:

Oindrila BanerjeeOindrila BanerjeeMember since Nov 2020
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Comments

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Chan Doraemi
I may feel up to start my singing career but the discouragement I receive from my kith and kins makes it harder. So I decided not to listen and just go with the flow. They may think it as a plight and so their advice comes with a caveat but I want to disapprove them which is also one of the sole reason to succeed anyway. My modalities of livelihood always contradict their ideology.
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