Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 6th Oct'21

By Oindrila Banerjee|Updated : October 6th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of. 

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’. Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Needless escalation: On Lakhimpur Kheri violence

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Deficit (घाटा)

  • Pronunciation: def-uh-sit/डेफिसिट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the amount by which the money that you spend is more than the money that you receive
  • Synonyms: shortage, deficiency, shortfall
  • Antonyms: plethora, excess, surplus
  • Usage in a sentence: There are many priorities, but reducing the fiscal deficit is of paramount importance.

2. Word: Convoy (रक्षक दल/बचाने के लिये संग जाना)

  • Pronunciation: kon-voi/ कान्वॉइ
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. a group of ships or vehicles travelling together, typically one accompanied by armed troops, warships, or other vehicles for protection. [Noun]
    b. (of a warship or armed troops) accompany (a group of ships or vehicles) for protection. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: escort, accompany, guard
  • Antonyms: neglect, desert, abandon
  • Usage in a sentence: A convoy of trucks containing supplies was sent to the famine area.

 3. Word: Escalation (तेजी)

  • Pronunciation: es-kuh-ley-shuh n/ एस्कलैशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a rapid increase; a rise.
  • Synonyms: rise, hike, advance
  • Antonyms: decrease, reduction
  • Usage in a sentence: The reorganization has led to a dramatic escalation in costs.

4. WordAgitation (व्याकुलता)

  • Pronunciation: aj-i-tey-shuh n/ऐजिटेशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a state of anxiety or nervous excitement.
  • Synonyms: disquiet, distress
  • Antonyms: peace, calmness
  • Usage in Sentence: The man was in a state of great agitation.

5. Word: Rapprochement (घनिष्ठता)

  • Pronunciation: rap-rohsh-mahn/रैप्रोश्मान
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: (especially in international affairs) an establishment or resumption of harmonious relations.
  • Synonyms: reconciliation, harmony
  • Antonyms: disagreement, wrangle
  • Usage in a Sentence: There are signs of a rapprochement between the two countries.

6. Word: Headway (उन्नति)

  • Pronunciationhed-wey/ हेड्वे
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. forward movement or progress, especially when this is slow or difficult.
    b. the average interval between trains or buses on a regular service.
  • Synonyms: progress, advance, improvement, progression
  • Antonyms: descent, decline, fall, devolution
  • Usage in a sentence: The ant was making little headway carrying a crumb that was about five times its size.

7. WordAbeyance (ठहराव)

  • Pronunciation: uh-bey-uh ns/अबेअन्स 
  • Part of Speech: Noun 
  • Meaning: a state of temporary disuse or suspension.
  • Synonyms: delay, interruption
  • Antonyms: revival, continuation
  • Usage in a Sentence: The firm decided to hold its activities in abeyance while deciding to file for bankruptcy.

8. Word: Implementation (लागू करना)

  • Pronunciation: im-pluh-muhn-tey-shuhn/इम्प्लमेन्टैशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the act of starting to use a plan or system
  • Synonyms: execution, application, enforcement
  • Antonyms: rumination, rehearsal
  • Usage in a sentence: While the law looked good on paper, its effective implementation was still doubtful.

9. WordFacilitate (सहज करना)

  • Pronunciation: fuh-sil-i-teyt/फसिलिटेट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to make easier or less difficult; help forward (an action, a process, etc.):
    b. to assist the progress of (a person).
  • Synonyms: assist, ease, alleviate
  • Antonyms: hinder, obstruct, hinder
  • Usage in a sentence: Careful planning facilitates any kind of work.

10Word: Repeal (खण्डन)

  • Pronunciation: ree-peel/रीपील
  • Part of Speech: Noun, verb
  • Meaning: revoke or annul (a law or act of parliament) (Verb)
    the action of revoking or annulling a law or act of parliament (Noun)
  • Synonyms: abolition, revocation
  • Antonyms: approval, passage
  • Usage in a sentence: Taking over the company, the new manager’s first act was to repeal many of the outdated policies.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • deficit
  • convoy
  • escalation 
  • agitation
  • rapprochement 

 

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1repealdelay
2implementationabolition
3headwayalleviate
4abeyanceprogress
5facilitateenforcement

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

from BYJU'S Exam Prep

Comments

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Chan Doraemi
Due to data deficit, it wasn't possible to get ahead with the research work. Few researchers presented their conjectures to convoy the project but it couldn't get along among many of them. While some got agitated and decided to repeal the overall proposals. Later they ended up on rapprochement and manifested for full steam effort to escalate the project anyway.

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