Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 4th November 2020

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : November 4th, 2020

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’.

Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

End of the tunnel?: On GST revenues

Important Words from the Article

1. WordSustainable (कायम रहने वाला)

  • Pronunciation: suh-stey-nuh-buh l/सस्टैनबल
  • Part of Speech
  • Meaning:
    a. able to be maintained at a certain rate or level.
    b. able to be upheld or defended.
  • Synonyms: endurable, tenable
  • Antonyms: unstable, unbearable
  • Usage in a SentenceSustainable development implies a long-term perspective.

2. Word: Uptick (उत्थान)

  • Pronunciation: uhp-tik/ अपटिक 
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a small increase or slight upward trend.
  • Synonyms: uptrend, rise, increase, growth, increment, surge
  • Antonyms: downtick, decrement, decline, loss, abatement, decrease
  • Usage in a sentence: Unfortunately, the passage of the law didn’t translate into an uptick of tenants using vouchers in the city, Martin acknowledged.

 3Word: Impose (प्रभाव डालना)

  • Pronunciation: im-pohz/इम्पोज़
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. force (an unwelcome decision or ruling) on someone.
    b. take advantage of someone by demanding their attention or commitment.
  • Synonyms: enforce, inflict
  • Antonyms: agreeable, coax
  • Use in a Sentence: The court can impose a fine or a prison sentence.

4. Word: Pertain (संबंध रखना)

  • Pronunciation: per-teyn/ पर्टेन
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. be appropriate, related, or applicable to.
  • Synonyms: relate, concern, apply, belong, associate
  • Antonyms: impassive, distance, unaffected, unaltered
  • Usage in a Sentence: Quality medical care is a right that pertains to everyone.

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5. Word: Curb (नियंत्रण करना)

  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Pronunciation: kurb/कर्ब
  • Meaning: a check or restraint on something.
  • Synonyms: inhibit, hinder
  • Antonyms: encourage, support
  • Use in a Sentence: We are trying to keep a curb on their activities.

6. PhraseProp up (संभालना)

  • Pronunciation: प्रोप उप
  • Part of Speech: phrasal verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. to stop something from falling by putting something under it or against it
    b. to help a government, system, organization etc to continue to exist, especially by providing financial or military support
  • Synonyms: support, bolster
  • Antonyms: intimidate, repress
  • Usage in a Sentence: The government introduced measures to prop up the stock market.

7. Word: Premature (अवधिपूर्व)

  • Pronunciation: pree-muh-choo r/ प्रीमचुर
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: occurring or done before the usual or proper time; too early.
  • Synonyms: early, soon, untimely
  • Antonyms: late, overdue
  • Usage in a sentence: Premature disclosure of the test sites might lead to invalidation of the experiment.

8. Word: Brew (निर्माणाधीन होना)

  • Pronunciation: broo/ब्रू
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: a. make (beer) by soaking, boiling, and fermentation.
    b. (of an unwelcome event or situation) begin to develop.
  • Synonyms: impend, blend, prepare
  • Antonyms: quiver, shroud
  • Usage in a Sentence: Pack your bags now, a storm is brewing.

9. Word: Cynical (दोषदर्षी)

  • Pronunciation: sin-i-kuhl/ सिनिकल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: believing that people are motivated purely by self-interest; distrustful of human sincerity or integrity.
  • Synonyms: distrustful, sceptical, negative
  • Antonyms: naive, optimistic, believing
  • Usage in Sentence: He was cynical about politicians' promises on taxes.

10. Word: Surmise (भावना करना)

  • Pronunciation: ser-mahyz/ सर्माइज़
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. suppose that something is true without having evidence to confirm it. [Verb]
    b. a supposition that something may be true, even though there is no evidence to confirm it. [Noun]
  • Synonyms: suppose, guess, conjecture, assume, presume, suspect
  • Antonyms: knowledge, confirmation, proof
  • Usage in a Sentence: Robin surmised that something must be wrong.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Impose
  • Pertain
  • Curb
  • Prop up
  • Premature


Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1 naive tenable
2 early decrement
3 endurable support
4 downtick soon
5 bolster optimistic

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

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