Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 3rd June, 2021

By Shruti Kapoor|Updated : June 3rd, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’.

Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Tenuous revival: On boosting Indian economy

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Posit (जमा कर रखना)

  • Pronunciation: poz-it/ पाज़िट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. to place, put, or set.
    b. to lay down or assume as a fact or principle; postulate.
  • Synonyms: deposit, suppose, put forward
  • Antonyms: analyze, appraise, assess
  • Usage in a sentence: She posited her hand on his shoulder

2. Word: Quarry (खदान)

  • Pronunciation: kwawr-ee/ क्वॉरी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. an excavation or pit, usually open to the air, from which building stone, slate, or the like, is obtained by cutting, blasting, etc.
    b. an abundant source or supply.
    c. animal hunted or caught for food
  • Synonyms: prey, mine, excavate
  • Antonyms: predator, hunter, hitman
  • Usage in a sentence: In various folklores, a British term for `quarry' is `stone pit'

 3Word: Omnibus (बहुप्रयोजन)

  • Pronunciation: om-nuh-buhs/ आम्नबस
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. a vehicle carrying many passengers; used for public transport
    b. providing for many things at once
    c. an anthology of articles on a related subject or an anthology of the works of a single author
  • Synonyms: bus, comprehensive, universal
  • Antonyms: limited, restricted, brief
  • Usage in a sentence: The government came up with an omnibus law to deal with the issue. 

4. Word: Preceding (पिछला)

  • Pronunciation: pri-see-ding/ प्रीसीडिंग
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. existing or coming before
    b. of a person who has held and relinquished a position or office
  • Synonyms: prior, previous, foregoing 
  • Antonyms: subsequent, succeeding, following
  • Usage in a sentence: The preceding parts of the movie franchise suffered massive losses due to piracy.  

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5. Word: Proxy (प्रतिनिधि)

  • Pronunciation: prok-see/ प्राक्सी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the agency, function, or power of a person authorized to act as the deputy or substitute for another.
    b. the person so authorized; substitute; agent.
    c. a written authorization empowering another person to vote or act for the signer, as at a meeting of stockholders.
    d. an ally or confederate who can be relied upon to speak or act in one's behalf.
  • Synonyms: substitute, deputy, agent
  • Usage in a sentence: A security protocol used to communicate through a firewall or proxy server was breached.

6. Word: Perspective (दृष्टिकोण)

  • Pronunciation: per-spek-tiv/ पर्स्पेक्टिव
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a.a technique of depicting volumes and spatial relationships on a flat surface.
    b. a visible scene, especially one extending to a distance; vista:
    c. the state of existing in space before the eye:
    d. the state of one's ideas, the facts known to one, etc., in having a meaningful interrelationship: 
  • Synonyms: viewpoint, outlook, prospect
  • Antonyms: befuddlement, perspectiveless, horizonless
  • Usage in a sentence: You have to live here a few years to see local conditions in perspective.

7. Word: Traction (खिंचाव)

  • Pronunciation: trak-shuhn/ ट्रैक्शन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the adhesive friction of a body on some surface, as a wheel on a rail or a tire on a road.
    b. the action of drawing a body, vehicle, train, or the like, along a surface, as a road, track, railroad, or waterway.
    c. Medicine/Medical. the deliberate and prolonged pulling of a muscle, organ, or the like, as by weights, to correct dislocation, relieve pressure, etc.
  • Synonyms: grip, tension, adhesion
  • Antonyms: push, slipperiness, repulsion
  • Usage in a sentence: His leg was in traction for several days after the race. 

8. Word: Bulwark (चारदीवारी)

  • Pronunciation: bool-werk/ बुल्वर्क
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a wall of earth or other material built for defense; rampart.
    b. any protection against external danger, injury, or annoyance:
    c. any person or thing giving strong support or encouragement in time of need, danger, or doubt:
  • Synonyms: rampart, wall, bastion
  • Antonyms: fragility, weakness, batter
  • Usage in a sentence: The new dam was a bulwark against future floods.

9. Word: Tumble (गिर पड़ना)

  • Pronunciation: tuhm-buhl/ टम्बल
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to fall helplessly down, end over end, as by losing one's footing, support, or equilibrium; plunge headlong:
    b. to roll end over end, as in falling:
  • Synonyms: plummet, plunge, slump
  • Antonyms: peak, rise, advance
  • Usage in a sentence: He was using his phone while he tumbled down the stairs.

10. Word: Ravage (नाश करना)

  • Pronunciation: rav-ij/ रैविज
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to work havoc upon; damage or mar by ravages:
    b. to work havoc; do ruinous damage.
    c. devastating or destructive action.
  • Synonyms: devastate, ruin, pillage
  • Antonyms: protect, preserve, secure
  • Usage in a sentence: The enemy ravaged the countryside after the invasion. 

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

  • Posit
  • Quarrying
  • Omnibus
  • Preceding
  • Proxy

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordAntonyms
1Perspective Rise 
2Traction Preserve 
3Bulwark Befuddlement 
4Tumble Fragility 
5Ravage Push 

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

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