Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 30th November 2020

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : November 30th, 2020

Over the last few years, aspirants of competitive examinations have been witnessing new types of questions in almost every examination they take. The questions based on new patterns mostly appear in the English section as the subject provides the maximum scope for experimentation. The examination bodies twist the questions to stimulate the analytical skills of the candidates. However, the basics never change and Vocabulary is one of the most essential basics of the English language. A sound command over Vocabulary allows you to tackle the questions and solve problems efficiently.

Our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ aims to help you completely understand the commonly used words with their meanings, pronunciations, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc.

Here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Indian Express’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Ball loses foot

Important Words from the Article

1. WordTurbulent (उपद्रवी)

  • Pronunciation: tur-byuh-luh nt/टर्ब्यलन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. characterized by conflict, disorder, or confusion; not stable or calm.
    b. (of air or water) moving unsteadily or violently.
  • Synonyms: disorderly, violent, stormy
  • Antonyms: peaceful, tranquil
  • Usage in a Sentence: After a turbulent week on the markets, share prices firmed yesterday.

2. Word: Beneficiary (लाभार्थी)

  • Pronunciation: ben-uh-fish-ee-er-ee/बेनफिशीएरी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a person or group that receives benefits, profits, or advantages
    b. a person designated as the recipient of funds or other property under a will, trust, insurance policy, etc
  • Synonyms: recipient, heir, legatee, payee
  • Antonyms: benefactor, contributor, giver
  • Usage in a sentence: Her wife was the chief beneficiary of her will.

 3Word: Precocious (अकालविकसित)

  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: having mature qualities at an unusually early age - अकालविकसित
  • Synonyms – developed, mature
  • Antonyms – stupid, trailing
  • Usage in a sentence – The precocious high school athlete played basketball like he was a paid professional.

4. Word: Umpteen (बहुत से)

  • Pronunciation: uhmp-teen
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning - make (something unpleasant or intense) less serious or severe
  • Synonyms - many, numerous, innumerable, infinite, myriad
  • Antonyms - few
  • Usage in a sentence - People sing umpteen songs on Holi that bring the essence of Holi alive.

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5. Word: Testament (इच्छापत्र)

  • Pronunciationtes-tuh-muh nt/ टेस्टमन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. a person's will, especially the part relating to personal property.
    b. something that serves as a sign or evidence of a specified fact, event, or quality.
    c. (in biblical use) a covenant or dispensation.
  • Synonyms: evidence, will, testimony, confirmation
  • Antonyms: rebuttal, denial, repudiation, contradiction
  • Usage in a Sentence: The aircraft's safety record is a testament to its designers' skill.

6. Word: Cohort (संगी)

  • Pronunciation: koh-hawrt/कोहॉर्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a companion or associate
    b. one of the ten divisions in an ancient Roman legion, numbering from 300 to 600 soldiers
    c. any group of soldiers or warriors
    d. an accomplice; abettor
    e. a group or company
  • Synonyms: companion, colleague, company, group
  • Antonyms: antagonist, rival, opponent, adversary
  • Usage in a sentence: She has a cohort of admirers.

7. Word: Slum (अविपंक/गंदी बस्ती)

  • Pronunciation: sluhm/स्लम
  • Part of Speech
  • Meaning:
    a. Often slums. a thickly populated, run-down, squalid part of a city, inhabited by poor people (Noun)
    b. any squalid, run-down place to live (Noun)
    c. to visit slums, especially from curiosity (Verb)
    d. to visit or frequent a place, group, or amusement spot considered to be low in social status (Verb)
  • Synonyms: hovel, dump, pigsty, ghetto
  • Usage in a sentence: She was brought up in the slums of Lima.

8. Word: Onset (प्रारंभ)

  • Pronunciation: on-set/ऑन्सेट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a. the beginning of something, especially something unpleasant.
  • Synonyms: start, arrival, (first) appearance, opening
  • Antonyms: conclusion, end, destination, cessation
  • Usage in Sentence: Her first hit record marked the onset of an astonishing career.

9. Word: Urge (प्रेरित करना)

  • Pronunciation: urj/अर्ज
  • Part of Speech
  • Meaning: 
    a. try earnestly or persistently to persuade (someone) to do something. [Verb]
    b. a strong desire or impulse. [Noun]
  • Synonyms: incite, impel
  • Antonyms: discourage, dissuade
  • Usage in a Sentence: The man had an urge to open a store of his own.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Urge
  • Onset
  • Umpteen
  • Testament
  • Precocious



Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1 discourage colleague
2 hovel numerous
3 companion dump
4 rebuttal dissuade
5 inumerablerepudiation

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

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