Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 3 Nov'21

By Oindrila Banerjee|Updated : November 3rd, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

Nowadays the English section of Banking exams is full of surprises. In most of the topics, Vocabulary plays an important role and a good hold over it will help you score good marks. Also, Vocabulary helps in understanding the context of sentences while improving communication skills like speaking, listening, reading and writing.

Nobody can cram all the meanings of the words in one go. To help you out in this, we are providing you with the series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ which solely aims to enhance your vocabulary. The series will present the words used in newspaper editorials with the appropriate meanings, synonyms, antonyms, pronunciation, usage in the sentences, etc.

Today's article is from "The Hindu" newspaper. Understand the gist of the article using the meaning of the words given below and practice questions at the end of this article. 

Happy Reading!

A vote for stability: On Fumio Kishida's win in Japan

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Defy (विरोध करना)

  • Pronunciation: dih-fahy/डिफाइ
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. openly resist or refuse to obey.
    b. appear to be challenging (someone) to do or prove something.
  • Synonyms: disobey, disregard, challenge, ignore
  • Antonyms: obey, comply, surrender
  • Usage in a Sentence: They believe it is essential to defy convention.

2. Word: Outright (प्रत्यक्ष)

  • Pronunciation: out-rahyt/ आउट्राइट
  • Part of Speech: Adverb, Adverb
  • Meaning:
    a. directly or openly
    b. clear and undisputed
  • Synonyms: downright, absolute, unqualified
  • Antonyms: incomplete, ambiguous, conditional
  • Usage in a Sentence: No one party is expected to gain an outright majority.

 3. Word: Amid (मध्य में, के दौरान)

  • Pronunciationuh-mid/ अमिड
  • Part of Speech: Preposition
  • Meaning:
    a. surrounded by; in the middle of.
    b. in an atmosphere or against a background of.
  • Synonyms: among, surrounded by, in the middle
  • Antonyms: beyond, outside, away from, independent
  • Usage in a sentence: There was a single dark bird amid a flock of white pigeons.

4. Word: Brace (बंधन, बांधना)

  • Pronunciation: breys/ ब्रेस
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: a. a strengthening piece of iron or timber used in building or carpentry. [Noun]
    b. prepare (someone) for something difficult or unpleasant. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: support, strengthen, prop
  • Antonyms: let go, weaken, loosen
  • Usage in a Sentence: The passengers were told to brace themselves for a crash landing.

5. Word: Woe (दुःख)

  • Pronunciation: woh/ वो
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. great sorrow or distress (often used hyperbolically).
    b. things that cause sorrow or distress; troubles.
  • Synonyms: misery, distress, grief, sorrow, anguish
  • Antonyms: joy, happiness, cheerfulness
  • Usage in a sentence: The England team's tale of woe continued, and they lost the next three games.

6. Word: Coalition (सम्मिलन)

  • Pronunciation: koh-uh-lish-uh n/कोअलिशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a temporary alliance for combined action, especially of political parties forming a government.
  • Synonyms: alliance, union, partnership
  • Antonyms: isolation, discord, separation
  • Usage in a Sentence: The two bodies have merged to form a coalition.

7. WordUnencumbered (भारमुक्त)

  • Pronunciation: uhn-en-kuhm-berd/अनेन्कम्बर्ड
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: 
    a. not impeded, slowed down, or retarded; free to move, advance, or go forward.
    b. having few or no burdens or obligations.
    c. not burdened or weighed down, as with bulky or heavy objects.
  • Synonyms: unimpeded, unobstructed, unhindered
  • Antonyms: encumbered, burdened, constrained
  • Usage in a sentence: The poison ivy was allowed to grow unencumbered.

8. Word: Bolster (सहारा)

  • Pronunciationbohl-ster/ बोल्स्टर
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: support or strengthen.
  • Synonyms: reinforce, brace, fortify
  • Antonyms: obstruct, weaken, hinder
  • Usage in a Sentence: He is making a strong effort to bolster the territory's confidence.

9. WordIncursion (आकस्मिक हमला)

  • Pronunciation: in-kur-zhuhn/इन्कर्श़न
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a sudden attack on or act of going into a place, especially across a border
    b. a sudden and unwanted entrance to a place or area controlled by others
    c. a running in
    d. a harmful inroad
  • Synonyms: invasion, assault, raid, attack
  • Antonyms: retreat, defend, peace treaty
  • Usage in a sentence: The bandits made brief incursions into the village.

10Word: Endorsement (तसदीक़)

  • Pronunciation: en-dawrs-muh nt/एन्डॉर्स्मन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the act of declaring one's public approval or support of someone or something.
  • Synonyms: sanction, approval, affirmation
  • Antonyms: dissent, disapproval
  • Usage in a Sentence: These measures have a strong endorsement of the community.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • defy
  • outright 
  • amid
  • woe
  • brace

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1coalitioninvasion
2unencumberedsanction
3bolsterunimpeded
4incursionreinforce
5endorsementalliance

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

from BYJU'S Exam Prep

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