Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 2nd October 2020

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : October 2nd, 2020

Nowadays the English section of Banking exams is full of surprises. In most of the topics, Vocabulary plays an important role and a good hold over it will help you score good marks. Also, Vocabulary helps in understanding the context of sentences while improving communication skills like speaking, listening, reading and writing.

Nobody can cram all the meanings of the words in one go. To help you out in this, we are providing you with the series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ which solely aims to enhance your vocabulary. The series will present the words used in newspaper editorials with the appropriate meanings, synonyms, antonyms, pronunciation, usage in the sentences, etc.

Today's article is from "The Hindu" newspaper. Understand the gist of the article using the meaning of the words given below and practice questions at the end of this article. 

Happy Reading!

Justice in ruins: On Babri Masjid demolition case verdict

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Horde (झुंड)

  • Pronunciation: होर्ड/hawrd
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a large group of people 
  • Synonyms - crowd, swarm, throng, group, bunch
  • Antonyms - little, portion, bit
  • Usage in a sentence - In India, all major metros witnessed hordes of people lining up at Apple stores to get iPhone X.

2. Word: Detritus (अपरद)

  • Pronunciation: डिट्राइटस/dih-trahy-tuhs
  • Part of Speech: noun
  • Meaning:
    a. waste material or rubbish, especially left after a particular event
  • Synonyms: debris, junk, waste
  • Antonyms: finery
  • Usage in a sentence: The stadium was littered with the detritus of yesterday's concert.

 3Word: Egregious (कट्टर)

  • Pronunciation: ih-gree-juh s/इग्रीजस
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. outstandingly bad; shocking.
    b. remarkably good.
  • Synonyms: outrageous, glaring
  • Antonyms: insignificant, concealed
  • Use in a Sentence: It was an egregious error for a representative to show such disregard.

4. Word: Debris (रोड़ा)

  • Pronunciation: duh-bree/ डब्री
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: scattered pieces of rubbish or remains.
  • Synonyms: rubbish, junk, rubble
  • Antonyms: purity, finery, valuable
  • Usage in a Sentence: Several people were injured by flying debris in the explosion.

5. Word: Acquit (दोषमुक्‍त करना)

  • Pronunciationuh-kwit/ अक्विट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning
    a. free (someone) from a criminal charge by a verdict of not guilty.
    b. conduct oneself or perform in a specified way.
  • Synonyms: absolve, exonerate, clear, excuse
  • Antonyms: condemn, accuse, convict, denounce
  • Usage in a sentence: The judge directed the jury to acquit all the defendants.

6. Word: Vantage (सहूलियत)

  • Pronunciation: वैन्टज/want-age
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning - place or situation affording some advantage (especially a comprehensive view or commanding perspective) 
  • Synonyms - point of view, standpoint, stand, assistance
  • Antonyms - disadvantage, disfavour, harm, hindrance
  • Example - From the vantage point of her ten years 'seniority in this sector,  she gave some very useful tips to her junior.

7. Word: Hindsight (दूरदर्श)

  • Pronunciation: हाइन्ड्साइट/hahynd-sahyt
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. contemplation of the past; a survey of past time, events
  • Synonyms: review, retrospect, remembering
  • Antonyms: forethought
  • Usage in a sentence: In hindsight, I think my project was doomed from the beginning.

8. Word: Frenzy (उन्माद)

  • Pronunciation: fren-zee/ फ्रेन्ज़ी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a state or period of uncontrolled excitement or wild behaviour.
  • Synonyms: rage, fury, turmoil, madness
  • Antonyms: peace, calmness, tranquillity, stillness, harmony
  • Usage in a Sentence: In its frenzy to flee the danger, the crowd became uncontrollable, and a number of people were trampled to death.

9. Word: Goad (उकसाना)

  • Pronunciation: gohd/ गोड
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. provoke or annoy (someone) so as to stimulate an action or reaction. [Verb]
    b. drive (an animal) with a spiked stick. [Verb]
    c. a spiked stick used for driving cattle. [Noun]
  • Synonyms: spur, prod, urge, provoke
  • Antonyms: discourage, restraint, deterrent, dissuade
  • Usage in a Sentence: These moves goad households and businesses into spending more on goods and services.

10. Word: Disavowal (अस्वीकरण)

  • Pronunciation: डिसवाउअल/dis-uh-vou-uhl 
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the action of saying that you know nothing about something, or that you have no responsibility for or connection with something
  • Synonyms: disclaimer, denial, repudiation, negation
  • Antonyms: affirmation, declaration, acknowledgement
  • Usage in a sentence: Not everyone is convinced by the group's disavowal of criminality and violence.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Horde
  • Detritus
  • Egregious
  • Debris
  • Acquit

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1 denial tranquillity
2 prod fury
3 calmness absolve
4 exonerate urge
5 rage repudiation

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

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